References on Jatropha spp. v. 1.0


The intention is to cover every aspect of Jatropa spp. as complete as possible. The emphasis is on peer reviewed articles but where usefull gray literature, technical reports etc. exist they have been included too.  All available library databases and numerous websites have been used to gather the references. It has been thoroughly edited and cleaned. A few issues remains;

The database is in standard BibTex format. Pleae contact me (fnielsen@pobox.com) for a copy. The free JabRef software has been used to compile and clean the reference list.

This database is likely to be updated in the future so you are wellcome to ask for updates.

Happy searching.

Flemming Nielsen, 26 February 2007

QuickSearch:   Number of matching entries: 0.

Author Title Year Journal/Proceedings Reftype DOI/URL
anonymous Jatropha production technology. 2003   booklet  
BibTeX:
@booklet{TamilNaduUniv2003,
  author = {anonymous},
  title = {Jatropha production technology.},
  year = {2003}
}
      
Abdel, G. W. S., Onsa, T. O., Ali, W. E. M., El, B. S. M. A. & Adam, S. E. I. Comparative toxicity of Croton macrostachys, Jatropha curcas and Piper abyssinica seeds in Nubian goats 2003 Small Ruminant Research   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Abdel2003,
  author = {Abdel, Gadir W. S. and Onsa, T. O. and Ali, W. E. M. and El, Badwi S. M. A. and Adam, S. E. I.},
  title = {Comparative toxicity of Croton macrostachys, Jatropha curcas and Piper abyssinica seeds in Nubian goats},
  journal = {Small Ruminant Research},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {48},
  pages = {61--67},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/09214488/2003/00000048/00000001/art00181''doi}
}
      
Abdel-hamid, H. F. Investigation of induced biochemical and histopathological parameters of acetonitril extract of Jatropha curcas in albino rats. 2004 Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology   article URL  
Abstract: Toxicological and histopathological investigations were carried on the acetonitril extract from J. carcus in comparison to praziquantel, the known antischistosomal drug. On a constant weight dose bases (single dose of 50 mg/Kg body weight injected orally to albino rats), the acetonitril extract from J. carcus showed mild toxicological parameters (AST p < 0.001, ALT & creatinine, non-significant), biochemical parameters (total lipids, cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL, LDL, proteins, albumins globulins, ascorbic acid and bilirubin, non-significant) and histo-pathological profile (slight alterations in liver, kidney and spleen), in comparison to control. However, these side-effects were very little as compared to the severe side-effects caused by Praziquantel.
BibTeX:
@article{Abd-Elhamid2004b,
  author = {Abdel-hamid, Hala F.},
  title = {Investigation of induced biochemical and histopathological parameters of acetonitril extract of Jatropha curcas in albino rats.},
  journal = {Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {34},
  number = {2},
  pages = {397--406},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15287166}
}
      
Abdel-hamid, H. F. Molluscicidal and in-vitro schistosomicidal activities of the latex and some extracts of some plants belonging to Euphorbiacea. 2003 J Egypt Soc Parasitol   article  
Abstract: Plant molluscicicdes proved to be good means for controlling fresh water snails of schistosomiasis. The molluscicidal activities of the natural and lyophilized latex extracts of Euphorbia royleana and E. mouritanica and acetonitril and chloroform extracts of Jatropha curcas were investigated against Biomphalaria alexandrina the intermediate hosts for S. mansoni. The lyophilized latex extract of E. royleana showed the highest toxicity against snails with LC90 value of 11 ppm. While the natural latex extract of E. mouritanica showed the lowest toxicity against snails with LC90 value of 60 ppm. While, the acetonitril extract of Jatropha curcas gave high toxicity against snails with LC90 value of 6 ppm and the chloroform extract gave low toxicity against snails with LC90 value of 55 ppm. The in-vitro schistosomicidal activities of the lyophilized latex extract of E. royleana and the acetonitril extract of J. carcus were studied against S. mansoni adults showed that the lyophilized latex extract of E. royleana gave 100 mortality after exposure to 30 ppm for 4 consecutive days and 66.7 mortality after exposure to 10 ppm for 5 consecutive days. The acetonitril extract of J. carcus gave 91.7 mortality after exposure to 100 ppm for 4 consecutive days and 58.3 mortality after exposure to 50 ppm for 5 consecutive days.
BibTeX:
@article{Abdel-Hamid2003,
  author = {Abdel-hamid, Hala F.},
  title = {Molluscicidal and in-vitro schistosomicidal activities of the latex and some extracts of some plants belonging to Euphorbiacea.},
  journal = {J Egypt Soc Parasitol},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {33},
  number = {3},
  pages = {947--954}
}
      
Abdu-Aguye, I., Sannusi, A., Alafiya-Tayo, R. A. & Bhusnurmath, S. R. Acute toxicity studies with Jatropha curcas L. 1986 Hum Toxicol   article URL  
Abstract: The seeds of Jatropha curcas L. ingested accidentally by two children aged 3 and 5 years led to a clinical syndrome of restlessness, severe vomiting and dehydration. A systematic study of the seeds indicated that they produced toxic effects in mice. Macroscopic anal haemorrhage and death occurred when the seeds were administered with the feed. Post-mortem examination revealed infarction of various parts of the gastrointestinal tract with congested vessels. Sodium chloride solution (150 mmol/l: saline) extract of the dried seed administered intraperitoneally into mice caused death in doses as low as 1 mg/kg. Post-mortem studies in this case showed widespread haemorrhages involving the colon, lungs as well as infarction of the liver. Larger intraperitoneal doses (greater than 30 mg/kg) were lethal rapidly but not associated with gross gastrointestinal haemorrhage.
BibTeX:
@article{Abdu-Aguye1986,
  author = {Abdu-Aguye, I. and Sannusi, A. and Alafiya-Tayo, R. A. and Bhusnurmath, S. R.},
  title = {Acute toxicity studies with Jatropha curcas L.},
  journal = {Hum Toxicol},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {5},
  number = {4},
  pages = {269--274},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=3488257}
}
      
Abigor, R. D., Uadia, P. O., Foglia, T. A., Haas, M. J., Scott, K. & Savary, B. J. Partial purification and properties of lipase from germinating seeds of Jatropha curcas L. 2002 Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society   article URL  
Abstract: Lipase present in the seeds of Jatropha curcas L. was isolated and some of its properties studied. Lipase activity was detected in both dormant and germinating seeds. The lipase was partially purified using a combination of ammonium sulfate precipitation and ultrafiltration, which increased the relative activity of the lipase by 28- and 80-fold, respectively. The lipase hydrolyzed palm kernel, coconut, and olive oils at comparable rates (approximately 5 μg FFA/μg protein/min); palm—Raphia hookeri and Jatropha curcas L.—oils at about twice the rate of the first group of oils; and palm and fish oils at a higher rate than all other oils. The lipase, however, had the highest activity with monoolein. Optimal pH and temperature for maximal lipase activity were 7.5 and 37°C, respectively. The addition of ferric ion (15 mM) to the lipase assay medium caused 90% inhibition of lipase activity, whereas calcium and magnesium ions enhanced lipase activity by 130 and 30%, respectively.
BibTeX:
@article{Abigor2002,
  author = {Abigor, Roland D. and Uadia, Patrick O. and Foglia, Thomas A. and Haas, Michael J. and Scott, Karen and Savary, Brett J.},
  title = {Partial purification and properties of lipase from germinating seeds of Jatropha curcas L.},
  journal = {Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {79},
  pages = {1123--1126},
  note = {10.1007/s11746-002-0614-3},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11746-002-0614-3}
}
      
Abreu, I. C., Marinho, A. S. S., Paes, A. M. A., Freire, S. M. F., Olea, R. S. G., Borges, M. O. R. & Borges, A. C. R. Hypotensive and vasorelaxant effects of ethanolic extract from Jatropha gossypiifolia L. in rats 2003 Fitoterapia   article URL  
Abstract: The present work was carried out to examine the hypotensive effects of ethanolic extract (EE) from Jatropha gossypiifolia L. The oral administration of EE (125 or 250 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) caused a significant and dose-dependent reduction of the systolic blood pressure. The concentration-response curves to norepinephrine (NE) or Ca(2+) were non-parallelly shifted to the right and the maximum contractile responses were concentration dependently depressed by EE (0.1 or 0.5 mg/ml) in endothelium-deprived mesenteric artery. The cumulative additions of EE (0.1-30 mg/ml) caused a concentration-dependent relaxant response in endothelium-deprived mesenteric artery precontracted with NE or Ca(2+). In conclusion, our results have shown that the EE from J. gossypiifolia L. can elicit hypotension, by oral via, in conscious normotensive rats and vasorelaxant activity on rat mesenteric rings precontracted with NE or Ca(2+).
BibTeX:
@article{AbreuDecember2003,
  author = {Abreu, I. C. and Marinho, A. S. S. and Paes, A. M. A. and Freire, S. M. F. and Olea, R. S. G. and Borges, M. O. R. and Borges, A. C. R.},
  title = {Hypotensive and vasorelaxant effects of ethanolic extract from Jatropha gossypiifolia L. in rats},
  journal = {Fitoterapia},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {74},
  number = {7-8},
  pages = {650--657},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/0367326x/2003/00000074/00000007/art00183''doi}
}
      
Adam, S. E. Toxic effects of Jatropha curcas in mice. 1974 Toxicology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Adam1974,
  author = {Adam, S. E.},
  title = {Toxic effects of Jatropha curcas in mice.},
  journal = {Toxicology},
  year = {1974},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {67--76},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=4823739}
}
      
Adam, S. E. & Magzoub, M. Preliminary observations on the anthelmintic activity of Jatropha curcas against strongyloides and Haemonchus infections in goats and sheep. 1976 Bull Anim Health Prod Afr   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Adam1976,
  author = {Adam, S. E. and Magzoub, M.},
  title = {Preliminary observations on the anthelmintic activity of Jatropha curcas against strongyloides and Haemonchus infections in goats and sheep.},
  journal = {Bull Anim Health Prod Afr},
  year = {1976},
  volume = {24},
  number = {3},
  pages = {329--331},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16300361}
}
      
Adam, S. E. & Magzoub, M. Toxicity of Jatropha curcas for goats. 1975 Toxicology   article URL  
Abstract: Eleven Nubian goats were fed with Jatropha curcas seeds at doses ranging from 0.25 g to 10g/kg/day. All dose levels were found to be toxic with fatal conswquences within 2 to 21 days. Liver biopsy samples taken 2 days after the start of feeding and subsequent biopsies showed congestion, varying degrees of fatty change, considerable reduction in glycogen content and necrosis of the hepatocytes. Lack of appetite, reduced water consumption, diarrhoea, dehydration, sunken eyes and a steadily deteriorating condition were important clinical signs of Jatropha intoxication goats. In all animals there was a decrease in the level of glucose and a marked rise in the concentration of arginase and glutamate oxaloacetate transminase (GOT) in the serum. Post-mortem examination revealed haemorrhage in the rumen, reticulum, kidney, spleen and heart, catarrhal or haemorrhagic abomasitis and enteritis, congestion and oedema of the lung and excessive fluid in serous cavities.
BibTeX:
@article{Adam1975,
  author = {Adam, S. E. and Magzoub, M.},
  title = {Toxicity of Jatropha curcas for goats.},
  journal = {Toxicology},
  year = {1975},
  volume = {4},
  number = {3},
  pages = {347--354},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=1154432}
}
      
Adamu, S. U., Kela, S. L. & Suleiman, M. M. Antischistosomal properties of extracts of Jatropha curcas (L) on Schistosoma Mansoni Infection in mice. 2006 Afr. J. Trad. CAM   article  
Abstract: Mice aged between 4-5 weeks infetected with Schistosoma mansoni were treated with 20 mg/kg of methanolic leaf extracts of Jatropha curcas per day for five days using praziquantel as positive control.. The untreated control group was administered with 0.5ml of liquid paraffin. The extract of J. curcas produced a worm reduction of 8.33% while praziquantel gave a 97% reduction in worm burden showing that the extract possess little or no antischistosomal activity.
BibTeX:
@article{Adamu2006,
  author = {Adamu, S. U and Kela, S. L and Suleiman, M. M.},
  title = {Antischistosomal properties of extracts of Jatropha curcas (L) on Schistosoma Mansoni Infection in mice.},
  journal = {Afr. J. Trad. CAM},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {3},
  number = {2},
  pages = {37-41}
}
      
Adebowale, K. & Adedire, C. Chemical composition and insecticidal properties of the underutilized Jatropha curcas seed oil. 2006 African Journal of Biotechnology   article URL  
Abstract: The chemical composition and insecticidal activity of Jatropha curcas L. seed were evaluated using standard techniques. The oil content of the seed is high (66.4%). Triacylglycenol was the dominant lipid species, while the major triacyglycerol was 1,2-Dioleoyl-3-linoleoyl-rac-glycerol. Linolenic acid was the dominant fatty acid in the oil. Physico-chemical properties of the oil indicated that the acid value, fee fatty acids, peroxide value and iodine value were high. Ten seterols and thirteen tritepene alcohol was identified in the unsaponifiable fraction of the oil. Jatropha seed oil at various serial dilution ranging from 0% to 2% (v/w) at 0.5% intervals were evaluated for anti-ovipositional activity and long-term protective ability of treated cowpeas against the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus. The oil significantly (P< 0.05) reduced oviposition by C. maculatus in no-choice test in all the concentrations tested. The number of eggs laid by the seed beetle reduced from an average of 54. 33 ±3.53 in the control to only 4.00 ±1.53 in 2% oil-treated seeds. There was no adult emergency in all the oil. However in choice-tested seed, 6.67 ±1.33 eggs were laid in cultures treated with 2% oil while 21. 67 ±1.45 were laid in control cultures. In dual-choice tests, oviposition was significantly reduced at all the oil concentration evaluated. J. curcas oil also offers a 12-week protection for treated seeds since there were neither seed damage nor adult emergency in treated cowpea seeds. The results of this study suggest J. curcas has antioviposition and ovicidal effects on C. maculatus therefore making it a vaiable candidate for incorporation into pest control program of gain legumes.
BibTeX:
@article{Adebowale2006,
  author = {Adebowale, K.O. and Adedire, C.O.},
  title = {Chemical composition and insecticidal properties of the underutilized Jatropha curcas seed oil.},
  journal = {African Journal of Biotechnology},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {5},
  number = {10},
  pages = {901-906},
  note = {ISSN: 1684-5315},
  url = {http://www.bioline.org.br/request?jb06164}
}
      
Aderibigbe, A. O., Johnson, C. O. L. E., Makkar, H. P. S., Becker, K. & Foidl, N. Chemical composition and effect of heat on organic matter- and nitrogen-degradability and some antinutritional components of Jatropha meal 1997 Animal Feed Science and Technology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{AderibigbeJuly1997,
  author = {Aderibigbe, A. O. and Johnson, C. O. L. E. and Makkar, H. P. S. and Becker, K. and Foidl, N.},
  title = {Chemical composition and effect of heat on organic matter- and nitrogen-degradability and some antinutritional components of Jatropha meal},
  journal = {Animal Feed Science and Technology},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {67},
  pages = {223--243},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03778401/1997/00000067/00000002/art01136''doi}
}
      
Adolf, W., Opferkuch, H. J. & Hecker, E. Irritant phorbol derivatives from four Jatropha species 1984 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Adolf1984,
  author = {Adolf, W. and Opferkuch, H. J. and Hecker, E.},
  title = {Irritant phorbol derivatives from four Jatropha species},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {23},
  number = {1},
  pages = {129-132},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-431B1MF-4N&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1984&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=110&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=90579d441cd65bbf10181ba1056ff81f}
}
      
Agarwal, A. K. Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines. 2007 Progress in Energy and Combustion Science   article DOI  
Abstract: The increasing industrialization and motorization of the world has led to a steep rise for the demand of petroleum-based fuels. Petroleum-based fuels are obtained from limited reserves. These finite reserves are highly concentrated in certain regions of the world. Therefore, those countries not having these resources are facing energy/foreign exchange crisis, mainly due to the import of crude petroleum. Hence, it is necessary to look for alternative fuels which can be produced from resources available locally within the country such as alcohol, biodiesel, vegetable oils etc. This paper reviews the production, characterization and current statuses of vegetable oil and biodiesel as well as the experimental research work carried out in various countries. This paper touches upon well-to-wheel greenhouse gas emissions, well-to-wheel efficiencies, fuel versatility, infrastructure, availability, economics, engine performance and emissions, effect on wear, lubricating oil etc.

Ethanol is also an attractive alternative fuel because it is a renewable bio-based resource and it is oxygenated, thereby providing the potential to reduce particulate emissions in compression-ignition engines. In this review, the properties and specifications of ethanol blended with diesel and gasoline fuel are also discussed. Special emphasis is placed on the factors critical to the potential commercial use of these blends. The effect of the fuel on engine performance and emissions (SI as well as compression ignition (CI) engines), and material compatibility is also considered.

Biodiesel is methyl or ethyl ester of fatty acid made from virgin or used vegetable oils (both edible and non-edible) and animal fat. The main resources for biodiesel production can be non-edible oils obtained from plant species such as Jatrophanext term curcas (Ratanjyot), Pongamia pinnata (Karanj), Calophyllum inophyllum (Nagchampa), Hevca brasiliensis (Rubber) etc. Biodiesel can be blended in any proportion with mineral diesel to create a biodiesel blend or can be used in its pure form. Just like petroleum diesel, biodiesel operates in compression ignition (diesel) engine, and essentially require very little or no engine modifications because biodiesel has properties similar to mineral diesel. It can be stored just like mineral diesel and hence does not require separate infrastructure. The use of biodiesel in conventional diesel engines result in substantial reduction in emission of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and particulate. This review focuses on performance and emission of biodiesel in CI engines, combustion analysis, wear performance on long-term engine usage, and economic feasibility.

BibTeX:
@article{Agarwal2007,
  author = {Agarwal, Avinash Kumar},
  title = {Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines.},
  journal = {Progress in Energy and Combustion Science},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {in press},
  pages = {in press},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2006.08.003}
}
      
Agarwal, D. & Agarwal, A. K. Performance and emissions characteristics of jatropha oil (Preheated and Blends) in a direct injection compression ignition engine. 2007 Applied Thermal Engineering   article  
BibTeX:
@article{AgarwalD2007,
  author = {Agarwal, Deepak and Agarwal, Avinash Kumar},
  title = {Performance and emissions characteristics of jatropha oil (Preheated and Blends) in a direct injection compression ignition engine.},
  journal = {Applied Thermal Engineering},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {in press},
  pages = {in press}
}
      
Ahmed, O. M. & Adam, S. E. Toxicity of Jatropha curcas in sheep and goats. 1979 Res Vet Sci   article URL  
Abstract: The sequential development of the clinical signs and lesions in the organs of desert sheep and Nubian goats dosed with Jatropha curcas seeds at 0.05, 0.5 and 1 g/kg/day was studied. Diarrhoea, reduced water consumption, dehydration, sunken eyes, inappetence and loss in condition were the important signs of J curcas poisoning in sheep and goats. The main pathological changes were haemorrhage in the rumen, reticulum, lungs, kidneys and heart, catarrhal and/or haemorrhagic enteritis, hepatic fatty change, pulmonary congestion and oedema and straw-coloured fluid in serous cavities. An increase in the concentrations of AST, ammonia, potassium and sodium and a decrease in total protein and calcium were detected in the serum. Haematological changes were haemoconcentration and leucocytosis.
BibTeX:
@article{Ahmed1979,
  author = {Ahmed, O. M. and Adam, S. E.},
  title = {Toxicity of Jatropha curcas in sheep and goats.},
  journal = {Res Vet Sci},
  year = {1979},
  volume = {27},
  number = {1},
  pages = {89--96},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=504810}
}
      
Ahmed, O. M. & Adam, S. E. Effects of Jatropha curcas on calves. 1979 Vet Pathol   article URL  
Abstract: Jatropha curcas seed was fed to six calves at doses of 2.5, 1 and 0.25 g/kg once and to two other calves at 0.025 g/kg up to 14 days. The onset of toxic manifestations in the six calves was rapid and death occurred within 19 hours of administration. The two calves that received daily the lowest dose of J. curcas showed signs of poisoning and died within 10 to 14 days. The clinical signs of diarrhoea, dyspnoea, dehydration and loss of condition were well correlated with the pathological findings. There was an increase in aspartate aminotransferase, ammonia and potassium and a decrease in total protein and calcium in the serum of jatropha-poisoned calves.
BibTeX:
@article{Ahmed1979a,
  author = {Ahmed, O. M. and Adam, S. E.},
  title = {Effects of Jatropha curcas on calves.},
  journal = {Vet Pathol},
  year = {1979},
  volume = {16},
  number = {4},
  pages = {476--482},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=452322}
}
      
Aiyelaagbe, O. O. Antibacterial activity of Jatropha multifida roots. 2001 Fitoterapia   article URL  
Abstract: Hexane, ethyl acetate, chloroform and methanol successive extracts of Jatropha multifida yellow rootbark, red rootbark and rootwood effectively inhibited the growth of B. subtilis and S. aureus at concentration of 200 microg/disk.
BibTeX:
@article{Aiyelaagbe2001,
  author = {Aiyelaagbe, O. O.},
  title = {Antibacterial activity of Jatropha multifida roots.},
  journal = {Fitoterapia},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {72},
  number = {5},
  pages = {544--546},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/0367326x/2001/00000072/00000005/art00291''doi}
}
      
Aiyelaagbe, O. O., Adesogan, E. K., Ekundayo, O. & Adeniyi, B. A. The antimicrobial activity of roots of Jatropha podagrica (Hook). 2000 Phytother Res   article URL  
Abstract: Hexane, chloroform and methanol extracts of the rootwood and rootbarks of Jatropha podagrica were studied for their antimicrobial activity against 18 organisms. All the extracts exhibited some broad spectrum antibacterial activity, at a concentration of 20 mg/mL. The hexane extracts were generally more active than the chloroform and methanol extracts. The hexane extract of the yellow rootbark was the most active of all the extracts and its activity was comparable to that of gentamycin but better with regard to the control of S. aureus and B. cereus. Three of the extracts, hexane extract of the yellow rootbark and hexane and methanol extracts of the rootwood showed moderate antifungal activity against the yeast fungus, Candida albicans.
BibTeX:
@article{Aiyelaagbe2000,
  author = {Aiyelaagbe, O. O. and Adesogan, E. K. and Ekundayo, O. and Adeniyi, B. A.},
  title = {The antimicrobial activity of roots of Jatropha podagrica (Hook).},
  journal = {Phytother Res},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {14},
  number = {1},
  pages = {60--62},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=10641053}
}
      
Ajiwe, V. I. E., Okeke, C. A. & et al. Extraction, characterization and industrial uses of velvet-tamarind, physic-nut and nicker-nut seed oils. 1996 Bioresource Technology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Ajiwe1996,
  author = {Ajiwe, V. I. E. and Okeke, C. A. and et al.},
  title = {Extraction, characterization and industrial uses of velvet-tamarind, physic-nut and nicker-nut seed oils.},
  journal = {Bioresource Technology},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {57},
  number = {3},
  pages = {297-299}
}
      
Akendengue, B., Ngou-Milama, E., Laurens, A. & Hocquemiller, R. Recent advances in the fight against leishmaniasis with natural products. 1999 Parasite   article URL  
Abstract: The active compounds obtained from some medicinal plants used traditionally worldwide for the treatment of leishmaniasis are reviewed. Among these active molecules, described in recent literature are quinoline alkaloids such as alkyl-2 quinoline and aryl-2 quinoline from Galipea longiflora, isoquinoline alkaloids such as isoguattouregidine from Guatteria foliosa, indole alkaloids such as conodurine and gabunine from Pescheiera van heurkii, terpenes such as jatrogrossidione from Jatropha grossidentata, acetogenins such as senegalene from Annona senegalensis and lignans such as (+)nyasol from Asparagus africanus. Other natural compounds with antileishmanial activity are coumarins, chalcones, lactones, tetralones and saponins. Some of them are known antiprotozoal natural products. These compounds could be used as templates to discover new and effective drugs against leishmaniasis.
BibTeX:
@article{Akendengue1999,
  author = {Akendengue, B. and Ngou-Milama, E. and Laurens, A. and Hocquemiller, R.},
  title = {Recent advances in the fight against leishmaniasis with natural products.},
  journal = {Parasite},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {6},
  number = {1},
  pages = {3--8},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=10229931}
}
      
Aker, C. L. Growth and reproduction of J. curcas. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Aker1997,
  author = {Aker, C. L.},
  title = {Growth and reproduction of J. curcas.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {1-18}
}
      
Akintayo, E. T. Characteristics and composition of Parkia biglobbossa and Jatropha curcas oils and cakes. 2004 Bioresour Technol   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Parkia biglobbossa (PKBS) and Jatropha curcas (JTC) seeds were analysed for their proximate composition. The seeds oils were analysed for fatty acid, lipid classes, sterols and physicochemical characteristics. Proximate analysis revealed that the percentage crude protein, crude fat and moisture in PKBS were 32.40, 26.525 and 10.18 respectively and 24.60, 47.25 and 5.54 in JTC. Campesterol, stigmasterol, beta-sitosterol, Delta5-avenasterol and Delta7-stigmasterol were identified in the seed oils, but beta-sitosterol was most abundant, constituting 71.9 in JTC and 39.5 in PKBS. JTC oil had 72.7 unsaturated fatty acids with oleic acid predominating, while PKBS had 62 unsaturated fatty acids with linoleic acid being the most abundant. Results of lipid classes showed triglyceride as the dominant lipid species in the seed oils. Physicochemical analysis of the seed oils showed that they could be classified as semi drying oils and that they could be found applicable in alkyd resin and soap manufacture.
BibTeX:
@article{Akintayo2004,
  author = {Akintayo, E. T.},
  title = {Characteristics and composition of Parkia biglobbossa and Jatropha curcas oils and cakes.},
  journal = {Bioresour Technol},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {92},
  number = {3},
  pages = {307--310},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=14766165},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(03)00197-4}
}
      
Akintayo, E. T., Adeyeye, E. I., Akintayo, C. O. & Oyewusi, P. O. High Field 13 C NMR Spectroscopic Analysis of the Triacylglycerols of Jatropila Curcas oil 2004 Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Akintayo1June2004,
  author = {Akintayo, E. T. and Adeyeye, E. I. and Akintayo, C. O. and Oyewusi, P. O.},
  title = {High Field 13 C NMR Spectroscopic Analysis of the Triacylglycerols of Jatropila Curcas oil},
  journal = {Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {18},
  pages = {59--65},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/cse/bcse/2004/00000018/00000001/art00008}
}
      
Al-Zanbagi, N. A., Banaja, A. A. & Barrett, J. Molluscicidal activity of some Saudi Arabian euphorbiales against the snail Biomphalaria pfeifferi. 2000 J Ethnopharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: The comparative susceptibility of the snail vector of intestinal schistosomiasis, Biomphalaria pfeifferi to the action of extracts from Saudi Arabian Euphorbiales has been determined. Methanol and chloroform extracts of the plants tested (Jatropha glauca, Euphorbia helioscopia and Euphorbia schimperiana) were the most promising from the molluscicidal point of view with LD(50) values in the range 10-100 ppm.
BibTeX:
@article{Al-Zanbagi2000,
  author = {Al-Zanbagi, N. A. and Banaja, A. A. and Barrett, J.},
  title = {Molluscicidal activity of some Saudi Arabian euphorbiales against the snail Biomphalaria pfeifferi.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {70},
  number = {2},
  pages = {119--125},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03788741/2000/00000070/00000002/art00155''doi}
}
      
Aladjadjian, A. g. Policy of energy production in Bulgaria. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Aladjadjian1997,
  author = {Aladjadjian, A. g.},
  title = {Policy of energy production in Bulgaria.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {26?-2??}
}
      
Amin, M. A., Daffala, A. A. & el-Moneim, O. A. Preliminary report on the molluscicidal properties of habat el-mollak, Jatropha sp. 1972 Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Amin1972,
  author = {Amin, M. A. and Daffala, A. A. and el-Moneim, O. A.},
  title = {Preliminary report on the molluscicidal properties of habat el-mollak, Jatropha sp.},
  journal = {Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg},
  year = {1972},
  volume = {66},
  number = {5},
  pages = {805--806},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=4647659}
}
      
Amubode, F. O. & Fetuga, B. L. Proximate composition and chemical assay of the methionine, lysine and tryptophan concentrations of some forest tree seeds 1983 Food Chemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Amubode1983,
  author = {Amubode, F. O. and Fetuga, B. L.},
  title = {Proximate composition and chemical assay of the methionine, lysine and tryptophan concentrations of some forest tree seeds},
  journal = {Food Chemistry},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {12},
  number = {1},
  pages = {67-72},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T6R-49NPYMJ-1C0&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1983&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=113&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5037&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=0cc209610d0804c2a4168fad907f645f}
}
      
Andrade, F. J. L. Estudio prévio de industrializaçao da purgueira (Jatropha curcas L.) em Cabo Verde. 1978 School: Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa.   mastersthesis  
BibTeX:
@mastersthesis{Andrade1978,
  author = {Andrade, F. J. L.},
  title = {Estudio prévio de industrializaçao da purgueira (Jatropha curcas L.) em Cabo Verde.},
  school = {Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa.},
  year = {1978}
}
      
Andrijasevic, S., Benc, S. & Filipan, T. Pilot project of energetic vectors using agricultural waste material - ecological and economic justification. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Andrijasevic1997,
  author = {Andrijasevic, S. and Benc, S. and Filipan, T.},
  title = {Pilot project of energetic vectors using agricultural waste material - ecological and economic justification.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {25?-26?}
}
      
Ankrah, N., Nyarko, A. K., Addo, P. G. A., Ofosuhene, M., Dzokoto, C., Marley, E., Addae, M. M. & Ekuban, F. A. Evaluation of efficacy and safety of a herbal medicine used for the treatment of malaria. 2003 Phytother Res   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine has been reported in several countries. Other anti-malarial drugs in use are expensive and not readily accessible to most people in malaria endemic countries. This has led to renewed interest in the development of herbal medicines that have the potential to treat malaria with little or no side effects. This study obtained a preliminary information on the safety and effectiveness of a plant decoction (AM-1), used in treating malaria.The AM-1 is formulated from Jatropha curcas, Gossypium hirsutum, Physalis angulata and Delonix regia. Patients with suspected malaria attending a herbal clinic were enrolled in the study on voluntary basis. They were hospitalized for treatment, clinical observation, biochemical and haematological monitoring, and parasite clearance while on AM-1. In addition male and female Sprague Dawley rats were used to evaluate the acute and subchronic toxicity effects of AM-1.The AM-1 eliminated malaria parasites (Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium malarie) from the peripheral blood of patients with malaria. In addition the AM-1 did not show any undesired effects in the patients as well as in laboratory rats. The AM-1, however, showed differential effect on the activities of selected cytochrome P450 isozymes (7-pentoxyresorufin-O-depentylation, 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylation and p-nitrophenol hydroxylase) in relation to sex of the laboratory rats.These results indicate that AM-1 could be used to treat malaria. However, it could precipitate interactions with other drugs via their biotransformation and elimination. The obtained data warrant further studies in a large number of malaria subjects with monitoring for possible drug interactions.
BibTeX:
@article{Ankrah2003,
  author = {Ankrah, Nii-Ayi and Nyarko, Alexander K. and Addo, Phyllis G. A. and Ofosuhene, Mark and Dzokoto, Comfort and Marley, Ethel and Addae, Michael M. and Ekuban, Frederick A},
  title = {Evaluation of efficacy and safety of a herbal medicine used for the treatment of malaria.},
  journal = {Phytother Res},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {17},
  number = {6},
  pages = {697--701},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1196},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1196}
}
      
Anonymous Species record for Jatropha curcas Linn. 1997 Revue de Medecines et Pharmacopees Africaines   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Anonymous1997,
  author = {Anonymous},
  title = {Species record for Jatropha curcas  Linn.},
  journal = {Revue de Medecines et Pharmacopees Africaines},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {12},
  pages = {205-222}
}
      
Appendino, G., Jakupovic, S., Tron, G. C., Jakupovic, J., Milon, V. & Ballero, M. Macrocyclic diterpenoids from Euphorbia semiperfoliata. 1998 J Nat Prod   article DOIURL  
Abstract: In addition to known compounds, the aerial parts of E. semiperfoliata afforded an abietanolide (3), 13 jatrophane polyesters (4-9, 12, 14-19), two 4-deoxyphorbol diesters (23, 24), and a pair of epimeric diterpenes (21, 22) with a novel carbon skeleton, which was named euphoperfoliane. Structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis, and the main conformational features of jatropha-6(17),11-dienes are discussed in detail. The obtained isolation yield of several jatrophanes was unprecedented within the spurges (Euphorbia spp.), making E. semiperfoliata a unique source of macrocyclic diterpenoids.
BibTeX:
@article{Appendino1998,
  author = {Appendino, G. and Jakupovic, S. and Tron, G. C. and Jakupovic, J. and Milon, V. and Ballero, M.},
  title = {Macrocyclic diterpenoids from Euphorbia semiperfoliata.},
  journal = {J Nat Prod},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {61},
  number = {6},
  pages = {749--756},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=9644058},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/np970507w}
}
      
Aquino, J. U., Czeczko, N. G., Malafaia, O., Dietz, U. A., Filho, J. M. R., Nassif, P. A. N., Araújo, U., Boroncello, J., Santos, M. F. d. S. & Santos, E. A. d. A. [Phytotherapic evaluation of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. on rats ventral abdominal wall wound healing.] 2006 Acta Cir Bras   article URL  
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The Jatropha gossypiifolia L., which is used in popular medicine is considered to have good diuretic effect in hypertension and is also used as a laxative drug. It seems to have a healing effect, although not proved till now. PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of intraperitoneum administration of Jatropha gossypiifolia L., in suture healing of ventral abdominal wall of rats, through tensiometric measurement, macro and microscopic aspect of post-operative period. METHODS: Forty wistar male rates were allocated in two groups of 20 animals . After the incision and exposure of abdominal cavity 1 ml/kg/weight of 0,9 sodium chloride solution was injected in control group, and in the other one the injection was of 1 ml/kg/weight of a gross ethanol extract of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. The suture of the abdominal wall was than performed with polypropylene separated stitches. The animals were followed-up and killed in the third and seventh days. The ventral abdominal wall was macroscopically analyzed, the resistance strength to strain was measured and it was also studied the histological aspects. RESULTS: On macroscopic examination more intense adhesion was found on the group of Jatropha in both third and seventh post-operative days. The strain evaluation was meanly greater on Jatropha group also in third and seventh days. CONCLUSION: The histological comparative analysis between the different groups showed that the acute inflammatory process was meanly greater for the Jatropha group in third and seventh post-operative days. The vascular neoformation was significantly greater in third pos-operative day of Jathopha group; the other histological parameters were just alike. The intraperitoneum injection of Jatropha extract did not have any significant improvement for the wound healing on ventral abdominal wall on the evaluated animals in this study, no matter if analyzed at the third or seventh pos-operative days.
BibTeX:
@article{Aquino2006,
  author = {Aquino, José Ulcijara and Czeczko, Nicolau Gregori and Malafaia, Osvaldo and Dietz, Ulrich Andreas and Filho, Jurandir Marcondes Ribas and Nassif, Paulo Afonso Nunes and Araújo, Ubirajara and Boroncello, João and Santos, Manoel Francisco da Silva and Santos, Eduardo Antonio de Andrade},
  title = {[Phytotherapic evaluation of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. on rats ventral abdominal wall wound healing.]},
  journal = {Acta Cir Bras},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {21 Suppl 2},
  pages = {59--64},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17117279}
}
      
Aranez, A. T. & Guia, E. E. Effects of gamma radiation on development and structural features of Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae). 1990 Asian Journal Of Plant Science   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Aranez1990,
  author = {Aranez, A. T. and Guia, E. E.},
  title = {Effects of gamma radiation on development and structural features of Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae).},
  journal = {Asian Journal Of Plant Science},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {2},
  number = {2},
  pages = {1-12}
}
      
Aregheore, E. M., Makkar, H. P. S. & Becker, K. Assessment of lectin activity in a toxic and a non-toxic variety of Jatropha curcas using latex agglutination and haemagglutination methods and inactivation of lectin by heat treatments 1998 Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture   article URL  
Abstract: Lectin activity in a toxic (Cape Verde) and non-toxic (Mexico) variety of Jatropha curcas seed meal was investigated using latex agglutination and haemagglutination assays. Lectin activity expressed as reciprocal of the minimum quantity (in mg) of Jatropha meal per ml of the assay mixture which produced agglutination with the latex beads was 2·88 ± 0·57 and 1·71 ± 0·00 (mean ± SD, n = 3) for the toxic and the non-toxic varieties, respectively, which did not differ significantly (P &gt; 0·05), while with the haemagglutination assay these values were 102 and 51, respectively, and differed significantly (P &lt; 0·05). The lectins were inactivated by heating and moist heat was more effective than dry heat. The results suggest that lectins may not be responsible for short term toxicity caused by consumption of raw Jatropha meal. © 1998 SCI.
BibTeX:
@article{Aregheore1998,
  author = {Aregheore, Eroarome M. and Makkar, Harinder P. S. and Becker, Klaus},
  title = {Assessment of lectin activity in a toxic and a non-toxic variety of Jatropha curcas using latex agglutination and haemagglutination methods and inactivation of lectin by heat treatments},
  journal = {Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {77},
  number = {3},
  pages = {349--352},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199807)77:3<349::AID-JSFA49>3.0.CO;2-A}
}
      
Aregheore, E. M., Makkar, H. P. S. & Becker, K. Lectin activity in toxic and non-toxic varieties of J. curcas using a latex agglutination test. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Aregheore1997,
  author = {Aregheore, Eroarome M. and Makkar, Harinder P. S. and Becker, Klaus},
  title = {Lectin activity in toxic and non-toxic varieties of J. curcas using a latex agglutination test.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {65-69}
}
      
Augustus, G. D. P. S., Jayabalan, M. & Seiler, G. J. Alternative energy sources from plants of Western Ghats (Tamil Nadu, India) June 2003 Biomass and Bioenergy   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{AugustusJune2003,
  author = {Augustus, G. D. P. S. and Jayabalan, M. and Seiler, G. J.},
  title = {Alternative energy sources from plants of Western Ghats (Tamil Nadu, India)},
  journal = {Biomass and Bioenergy},
  year = {June 2003},
  volume = {24},
  pages = {437--444},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/09619534/2003/00000024/00000006/art00179''doi}
}
      
Augustus, G. D. P. S., Jayabalan, M. & Seiler, G. J. Evaluation and bioinduction of energy components of Jatropha curcas 2002 Biomass and Bioenergy   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Augustus2002,
  author = {Augustus, G. D. P. S. and Jayabalan, M. and Seiler, G. J.},
  title = {Evaluation and bioinduction of energy components of Jatropha curcas},
  journal = {Biomass and Bioenergy},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {23},
  number = {3},
  pages = {161-164},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V22-45TTM3S-1&_user=10&_coverDate=09%2F30%2F2002&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=54&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5690&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=60908795fe45bebd560eb63c2dce56e3}
}
      
Auvin, C., Baraguey, C., Blond, A., Lezenven, F., Pousset, J. L. & Bodo, B. Curcacycline B, a cyclic nonapeptide from Jatropha curcas enhancing rotamase activity of cyclophilin 1997 Tetrahedron Letters   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Auvin1997,
  author = {Auvin, C. and Baraguey, C. and Blond, A. and Lezenven, F. and Pousset, J. -L. and Bodo, B.},
  title = {Curcacycline B, a cyclic nonapeptide from Jatropha curcas enhancing rotamase activity of cyclophilin},
  journal = {Tetrahedron Letters},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {38},
  pages = {2845--2848},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00404039/1997/00000038/00000016/art00495''doi}
}
      
Auvin-Guette, C., Baraguey, C., Blond, A., Xavier, H. S., Pousset, J. L. & Bodo, B. Pohlianins A, B and C, Cyclic Peptides from the Latex of Jatropha pohliana ssp. molissima 1999 Tetrahedron   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Auvin-Guette17September1999,
  author = {Auvin-Guette, C. and Baraguey, C. and Blond, A. and Xavier, H. S. and Pousset, J. -L. and Bodo, B.},
  title = {Pohlianins A, B and C, Cyclic Peptides from the Latex of Jatropha pohliana ssp. molissima},
  journal = {Tetrahedron},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {55},
  pages = {11495--11510},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00404020/1999/00000055/00000038/art00660''doi}
}
      
Aza, M. M., Waris, A. & Nahar, N. Prospects and potential of fatty acid methyl esters of some non-traditional seed oils for use as biodiesel in India. 2005 Biomass and Bioenergy   article DOI  
Abstract: Fatty acid profiles of seed oils of 75 plant species having 30% or more fixed oil in their seed/kernel were examined. Saponification number (SN), iodine value (IV) and cetane number (CN) of fatty acid methyl esters of oils were empirically determined and they varied from 169.2 to 312.5, 4.8 to 212 and 20.56 to 67.47, respectively. Fatty acid compositions, IV and CN were used to predict the quality of fatty acid methyl esters of oil for use as biodiesel. Fatty acid methyl ester of oils of 26 species including Azadirachta indica, Calophyllum inophyllum, Jatrophanext term curcas and Pongamia pinnata were found most suitable for use as biodiesel and they meet the major specification of biodiesel standards of USA, Germany and European Standard Organization. The fatty acid methyl esters of another 11 species meet the specification of biodiesel standard of USA only. These selected plants have great potential for biodiesel.
BibTeX:
@article{Aza2005,
  author = {Aza, M. Mohibbe and Waris, Amtul and Nahar, N.M.},
  title = {Prospects and potential of fatty acid methyl esters of some non-traditional seed oils for use as biodiesel in India.},
  journal = {Biomass and Bioenergy},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {29},
  number = {4},
  pages = {293-302},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2005.05.001}
}
      
el Badwi, S. M. & Adam, S. E. Toxic effects of low levels of dietary Jatropha curcas seed on Brown Hisex chicks. 1992 Vet Hum Toxicol   article URL  
Abstract: Jatropha curcas seed, a multi-purpose medicinal plant product, was fed at 0.1 and 0.5 to Brown Hisex chicks for 4 w to measure it's effects upon growth and the structure and function of vital organs. Liver and kidney function tests included serum SDH, GDH, GOT, total protein, potassium and other serum constituents in addition to total tissue lipids and hematology. J. curcas intoxication in chicks was characterized by growth depression, hepatonephropathies and widespread hemorrhages and congestion.
BibTeX:
@article{Badwi1992a,
  author = {el Badwi, S. M. and Adam, S. E.},
  title = {Toxic effects of low levels of dietary Jatropha curcas seed on Brown Hisex chicks.},
  journal = {Vet Hum Toxicol},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {34},
  number = {2},
  pages = {112--115},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=1509668}
}
      
el Badwi, S. M., Adam, S. E. & Hapke, H. J. Comparative toxicity of Ricinus communis and Jatropha curcas in Brown Hisex chicks. 1995 Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr   article URL  
Abstract: Symptoms, lesions and changes in growth, haematology and clinical chemistry were investigated in Brown Hisex chicks fed diets containing 0.5 Jatropha curcas seed or 0.5 Ricinus communis seed. High mortality and more severe changes occurred in chicks on Ricinus diet than Jatropha feed. The results indicated that caution should be observed in tropical countries where people are accustomed to chewing castor bean when in need of a laxative.
BibTeX:
@article{Badwi1995,
  author = {el Badwi, S. M. and Adam, S. E. and Hapke, H. J.},
  title = {Comparative toxicity of Ricinus communis and Jatropha curcas in Brown Hisex chicks.},
  journal = {Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {102},
  number = {2},
  pages = {75--77},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=7600941}
}
      
el Badwi, S. M., Mousa, H. M., Adam, S. E. & Hapke, H. J. Response of brown hisex chicks to low levels of Jatropha curcas, Ricinus communis or their mixture. 1992 Vet Hum Toxicol   article URL  
Abstract: Feeding Jatropha curcas seed at 0.5 of the basic diet for 2 w was not lethal to chicks. In chicks fed 0.5 Ricinus communis seed or a mixture of 0.5 J curcas + 0.5 R communis for 2 w, there was dullness, poor growth, locomotor disturbance and death. Pathological changes were correlated with alterations in clinical chemistry and hematology.
BibTeX:
@article{Badwi1992,
  author = {el Badwi, S. M. and Mousa, H. M. and Adam, S. E. and Hapke, H. J.},
  title = {Response of brown hisex chicks to low levels of Jatropha curcas, Ricinus communis or their mixture.},
  journal = {Vet Hum Toxicol},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {34},
  number = {4},
  pages = {304--306},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=1509688}
}
      
Ballantine, J. A. The isolation of two esters of the naphthaquinone alcohol, shikonin, from the shrub jatropha glandulifera 1969 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Ballantine1969,
  author = {Ballantine, J. A.},
  title = {The isolation of two esters of the naphthaquinone alcohol, shikonin, from the shrub jatropha glandulifera},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1969},
  volume = {8},
  number = {8},
  pages = {1587-1590},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-42M7NFG-132&_user=10&_coverDate=08%2F31%2F1969&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=122&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=960bf576ad72e6519a1ae0488ac3ee02}
}
      
Banerji, J., Das, B., Chatterjee, A. & Shoolery, J. N. Gadain, a lignan from Jatropha gossypifolia 1984 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Banerji1984,
  author = {Banerji, J. and Das, B. and Chatterjee, A. and Shoolery, J. N.},
  title = {Gadain, a lignan from Jatropha gossypifolia},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {23},
  number = {10},
  pages = {2323-2327},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-42G1789-4B&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1984&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=111&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=e46461c14ef48eb029ab91cedde1b1ba}
}
      
Banerji, R. Jatropha nana seed oil for energy 1991 Biomass and Bioenergy   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Banerji1991,
  author = {Banerji, R.},
  title = {Jatropha nana seed oil for energy},
  journal = {Biomass and Bioenergy},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {1},
  pages = {247},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V22-49BS2YT-B&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1991&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=96&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5690&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=cd042f8249ad94cdea0cacc7d2b1969c}
}
      
Banerji, R., Chowdhury, A. R., Misra, G., Sudarsanan, G., Verma, S. C. & Srivastava, G. S. Jatropha seed oils for energy 1985 Biomass   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Banerji1985,
  author = {Banerji, R. and Chowdhury, A. R. and Misra, G. and Sudarsanan, G. and Verma, S. C. and Srivastava, G. S.},
  title = {Jatropha seed oils for energy},
  journal = {Biomass},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {8},
  number = {4},
  pages = {277-282},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B75CD-48XK5D1-2K&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1985&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=108&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=13008&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=04b43f91d8ae2924fe0c046cafd1788d}
}
      
Baniakina, J., Eyme, J. & et al. Studies on the morphological and anatomical structures in the family Euphorbiaceae. 1997 Revue de Medecines et Pharmacopees Africaines   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Baniakina1997,
  author = {Baniakina, J. and Eyme, J. and et al.},
  title = {Studies on the morphological and anatomical structures in the family Euphorbiaceae.},
  journal = {Revue de Medecines et Pharmacopees Africaines},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {12},
  pages = {27-48}
}
      
Baraguey, C., Blond, A., Correia, I., Pousset, J., Bodo, B. & Auvin-Guette, C. Mahafacyclin A, a cyclic heptapeptide from Jatropha mahafalensis exhibiting beta-bulge conformation 2000 Tetrahedron Letters   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Baraguey2000,
  author = {Baraguey, Carine and Blond, Alain and Correia, Isabelle and Pousset, Jean-Louis and Bodo, Bernard and Auvin-Guette, Catherine},
  title = {Mahafacyclin A, a cyclic heptapeptide from Jatropha mahafalensis exhibiting beta-bulge conformation},
  journal = {Tetrahedron Letters},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {41},
  pages = {325-329},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6THS-40JFDWJ-B&_user=10&_coverDate=01%2F15%2F2000&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=65&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5290&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=545689e8e377ef67fc9b7b4b39b1d26f}
}
      
Barri, M. E., Onsa, T. O., Elawad, A. A., Elsayed, N. Y., Wasfi, I. A., Abdul-Bari, E. M. & Adam, S. E. Toxicity of five Sudanese plants to young ruminants. 1983 J Comp Pathol   article URL  
Abstract: The toxicity of 5 Sudanese plants credited with medicinal value for man, i.e. Citrullus colocynthis, Jatropha aceroides, J. glauca, Solanum dubium and Lagenaria siceraria, was studied by giving the dried or minced plants to Nubian goats, Desert sheep or Zebu calves by mouth or stomach tube. The clinical, haematological and pathological changes indicated that all five plants reduced the ability of the liver to synthesize protein, although there was no evidence of interference with the excretion of bilirubin. Kidney dysfunction and haemoconcentration also occurred. Citrullus colocynthis and Jatropha species in doses of 0.5 to 10 g per kg per day killed goats after dosing for periods ranging from 1 day to 2 weeks. Calves were less susceptible. The fruits and leaves of L. siceraria, in doses of 1 to 5 g per kg per day, caused death after a similar period but with less regularity. The seeds were less toxic. The fruits of S. dubium in doses of 2.5 to 10 g per kg per day killed goats in 2 to 5 days. Similar doses of the leaves caused deaths in 8 to 36 days. In sheep, both fruits and leaves required a longer period of dosing to cause death.
BibTeX:
@article{Barri1983,
  author = {Barri,M. E. and Onsa, T. O. and Elawad, A. A. and Elsayed, N. Y. and Wasfi, I. A. and Abdul-Bari, E. M. and Adam, S. E.},
  title = {Toxicity of five Sudanese plants to young ruminants.},
  journal = {J Comp Pathol},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {93},
  number = {4},
  pages = {559--575},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=6643755}
}
      
Baruffa, G. Poisoning by the seeds of Jatropha multifida (L). 1964 Arch Ital Sci Med Trop Parassitol   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{BARUFFA1964,
  author = {Baruffa, G.},
  title = {Poisoning by the seeds of Jatropha multifida (L).},
  journal = {Arch Ital Sci Med Trop Parassitol},
  year = {1964},
  volume = {45},
  pages = {261--264},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=14204514}
}
      
Bebawi, F. F. & Campbell, S. D. Impact of fire on bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) plant mortality and seedling recruitment 2002 Tropical Grasslands   article  
Abstract: A 2-yr trial investigated the efficacy of fire as a control technique for bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) in riparian habitats. Spring burns were applied in successive years (September 1999 and October 2000), and their impact on juvenile, mature and old bellyache bush plants was determined. Post-fire seedling recruitment was monitored for 21 months after the initial burn. The first fire significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the original bellyache bush plant density by 76% (from 10 750 plants/ha to 2580 plants/ha). A second fire a year later extended the kill rate (8 months after the second burn) to 92%, with a residual plant population of 860 plants/ha. Monitoring for a longer period would confirm the results obtained with the second burn. The relative sensitivity to fire was juvenile > mature > old. In contrast, seedling emergence was significantly (P < 0.05) increased after burning. Emergence in burnt plots over the wet season following the first fire was 2.7-fold that in unburnt controls. Even with high mortality during the subsequent periods, seedling density in burnt plots at the end of the study averaged 368 000 per ha compared with 40 000 per ha in the unburnt controls. It is expected that the residual population of bellyache bush would produce enough seed to soon reinfest the area. These results stress that fire should be one of a number of tools, which may be used for control of bellyache bush. They also highlight the need for development of integrated control strategies that not only treat the primary infestations but also the many seedlings that emerge
BibTeX:
@article{Bebawi2002,
  author = {Bebawi, F. F. and Campbell, S. D.},
  title = {Impact of fire on bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) plant mortality and seedling recruitment},
  journal = {Tropical Grasslands},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {36},
  pages = {129-137}
}
      
Bebawi, F. F. & Campbell, S. D. The response of bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) plants cut off at different heights and seasonal times. 2002 Tropical Grasslands   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Bebawi2002a,
  author = {Bebawi, F. F. and Campbell, S. D.},
  title = {The response of bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) plants cut off at different heights and seasonal times.},
  journal = {Tropical Grasslands},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {36},
  pages = {65-68}
}
      
Becker, K. & Makkar, H. P. Effects of phorbol esters in carp (Cyprinus carpio L). 1998 Vet Hum Toxicol   article URL  
Abstract: Carp (Cyprinus carpio L) were fed diets containing phorbol esters at concentrations of 0, 3.75, 7.5, 15, 31, 62.5, 125, 250, 500 and 1,000 micrograms/g feed. Phorbol esters were from Jatropha curcas nuts. Jatropha curcas toxicity has been reported in humans, rodents and livestock, and phorbol esters have been identified as the main toxic agent. The adverse effects observed in carp at phorbol esters concentrations of 31 micrograms/g or higher were lower average metabolic growth rate, fecal mucus production and rejection of feed. Average metabolic growth rates (g/kg 0.8/d) in a 7-d experimental period during which diets containing phorbol esters were fed to carp (values with different letters being significantly different) were 15.4a, 14.4a, 12.5ab, 12.4ab, 10.9b, 3.4c, 0.2c, -3.8d, -4.9d and -5.6d, respectively, at the above mentioned concentrations. The values for the recovery phase of 9-d during which phorbol esters were not included in the diet were 16.0a, 15.6a, 14.9a, 15.6a, 5.3b, 1.6b, 4.6bc, 6.3bc, 7.8c and 8.2c, respectively. The adverse effects of phorbol esters were reversible since withdrawal of the esters from the diets led to gain in body mass. None of the fish died at any of the concentrations studied. Incorporation of vitamin C, an antioxidant, at levels of 0.4 and 2 in the feed did not prevent occurrence of the adverse effects of the phorbol esters. The threshold level at which phorbol esters appeared to cause adverse effects in carp was 15 micrograms/g feed or 15 ppm in the diet. Carp were highly sensitive to phorbol esters, thus making them a useful species for bioassay of these compounds. This bioassay together with other analytic procedures could be of immense use in the development of detoxification processes for agro-industrial products containing phorbol esters, such as jatropha meal or jatropha oil, and as a quality control method to monitor successive stages in industrial detoxification processes.
BibTeX:
@article{Becker1998,
  author = {Becker, K. and Makkar, H. P.},
  title = {Effects of phorbol esters in carp (Cyprinus carpio L).},
  journal = {Vet Hum Toxicol},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {40},
  number = {2},
  pages = {82--86},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=9554059}
}
      
Benavides, A., Montoro, P., Bassarello, C., Piacente, S. & Pizza, C. Catechin derivatives in Jatropha macrantha stems: characterisation and LC/ESI/MS/MS quali-quantitative analysis. 2006 J Pharm Biomed Anal   article DOIURL  
Abstract: A phytochemical investigation on methanol extract of stems of Jatropha macrantha led to the isolation of catechin, catechin-7-O-beta-glucopyranoside and proanthocyanidin B-3 along with other catechin polymers. Their structures were established by NMR and ESI/MS experiments. Additionally, an LC/ESI/MS qualitative study and an LC/ESI/MS/MS quantitative study of the phenolic fraction of J. macrantha stems were performed. Combination of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (DAD) with positive electrospray ionisation (ESI) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) performed with Ion Trap analyser permitted to have qualitative data on catechin derivatives: several other proanthocyanidins were detected. A mixture of proanthocyanidin polymers was characterised by direct introduction ESI-MS analysis. An LC/ESI/MS/MS method was developed and validated for separation and quantification of catechin, catechin-7-O-beta-glucopyranoside and proanthocyanidin B-3. Due to the sensitivity and the repeatability of the assay, we suggest this method as suitable for industrial quality control of raw materials and final products. Quantitative analyses results confirmed that compounds 1-3 are major compounds of the plant and, in particular, proanthocyanidin B-3 appears to be the most abundant.
BibTeX:
@article{Benavides2006,
  author = {Benavides, Angelyne and Montoro, Paola and Bassarello, Carla and Piacente, Sonia and Pizza, Cosimo},
  title = {Catechin derivatives in Jatropha macrantha stems: characterisation and LC/ESI/MS/MS quali-quantitative analysis.},
  journal = {J Pharm Biomed Anal},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {40},
  number = {3},
  pages = {639--647},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16300918},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2005.10.004}
}
      
den Berg, A. J. v., Horsten, S. F. A. J., Kroes, B. H., Labadie, R. P. & den Bosch, J. J. K. Multifidin - a cyanoglucoside in the latex of Jatropha multifida 1995 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{September1995,
  author = {den Berg, A. J. van and Horsten, S. F. A. J. and Kroes, B. H. and Labadie, R. P. and den Bosch, J. J. Kettenes-van},
  title = {Multifidin - a cyanoglucoside in the latex of Jatropha multifida},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {40},
  pages = {597--598},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00319422/1995/00000040/00000002/art93759''doi}
}
      
den Berg, A. J. v., Horsten, S. F., den Bosch, J. J. K., Beukelman, C. J., Kroes, B. H., Leeflang, B. R. & Labadie, R. P. Podacycline A and B, two cyclic peptides in the latex of Jatropha podagrica. 1996 Phytochemistry   article  
Abstract: Two novel cyclic peptides were isolated from the latex of Jatropha podagrica, which we named podacycline A and B. Podacycline A is a cyclic nonapeptide with the sequence Gly1-Leu2-Leu3-Gly4-Ala5-Val6-Trp7-Ala8-Gly9+ ++-Gly1. The sequence of podacycline B, a cyclic heptapeptide, was determined to be Phe1-Ala2-Gly3-Thr4-Ile5-Phe6-Gly7-Phe1. The amino acid residues of both compounds were found to have the L-configuration.
BibTeX:
@article{Berg1996,
  author = {den Berg, A. J. van and Horsten, S. F. and den Bosch, J. J. Kettenes-van and Beukelman, C. J. and Kroes, B. H. and Leeflang, B. R. and Labadie, R. P.},
  title = {Podacycline A and B, two cyclic peptides in the latex of Jatropha podagrica.},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {42},
  number = {1},
  pages = {129--133}
}
      
den Berg, A. J. v., Horsten, S. F., den Bosch, J. J. K., Kroes, B. H., Beukelman, C. J., Leeflang, B. R. & Labadie, R. P. Curcacycline A, a novel cyclic octapeptide isolated from the latex of Jatropha curcas L. 1995 FEBS Lett   article URL  
Abstract: From the latex of Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) a novel cyclic octapeptide was isolated, which we named curcacycline A. The compound was found to contain one threonine, one valine, two glycine, and four leucine residues. By two-dimensional 1H-NMR spectroscopy (HOHAHA and ROESY), its sequence was determined to be Gly1-Leu2-Leu3-Gly4-Thr5-Val6-Leu7-Leu8-Gly1+ ++. Curcacycline A displays a moderate inhibition of (i) classical pathway activity of human complement and (ii) proliferation of human T-cells.
BibTeX:
@article{Berg1995,
  author = {den Berg, A. J. van and Horsten, S. F. and den Bosch, J. J. Kettenes-van and Kroes, B. H. and Beukelman, C. J. and Leeflang, B. R. and Labadie, R. P.},
  title = {Curcacycline A, a novel cyclic octapeptide isolated from the latex of Jatropha curcas L.},
  journal = {FEBS Lett},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {358},
  number = {3},
  pages = {215--218},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=7843403}
}
      
Bhakare, H. A., Kulkarni, A. S. & et al. Studies on lipids from two medicinal plant seed oils of Vidarbha region. 1996 Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Bhakare1996,
  author = {Bhakare, H. A. and Kulkarni, A. S. and et al.},
  title = {Studies on lipids from two medicinal plant seed oils of Vidarbha region.},
  journal = {Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {58},
  number = {3},
  pages = {126-128}
}
      
Bijan, D. & Grady, L. Morphology and infrageneric relationships of the genus Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae). 1979   book  
BibTeX:
@book{Dehgan1979,
  author = {Bijan, Dehgan and Grady, L.},
  title = {Morphology and infrageneric relationships of the genus Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae).},
  publisher = {University of California Press, Berkeley},
  year = {1979},
  volume = {74},
  pages = {73},
  note = {ISBN: 0520095855}
}
      
Bonnie, B. R., Cantrell, C. L., Bonesteel, M. E. & Chong, N. S. Commercial feasibility of biofuels in 1997. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Bonnie1997,
  author = {Bonnie, B. R. and Cantrell, C. L. and Bonesteel, M. E. and Chong, N. S.},
  title = {Commercial feasibility of biofuels in 1997.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {148-158}
}
      
Brum, R. L., Cardoso, C. A. L., Honda, N. K., Andreu, M. P. & Viana, L. L. d. S. Quantitative determination of jatrophone in "cachaça" prepared with Jatropha elliptica. 2006 Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo)   article URL  
Abstract: A method for sample preparation and analysis by high performance liquid chromatography with UV detection (HPLC-UV) was developed for analysis of jatrophone in "cachaça" prepared with Jatropha elliptica, administered orally, employed in Brazil for the treatment of venomous snake bites. The linearity, accuracy, precision of the procedure was evaluated. Analytical curve for jatrophone was linear in the range of 16.24-81.20 microg ml(-1). The recovery of the jatrophone in the samples analyzed was 98.99-99.89. The percent coefficient of variation for the quantitative analysis of the "cachaça" in the analyses was under 2.
BibTeX:
@article{Brum2006,
  author = {Brum, Rosenei Louzada and Cardoso, Claudia Andréa Lima and Honda, Neli Kika and Andreu, Maxwell Parrela and Viana, Luiz Leonardo de Souza},
  title = {Quantitative determination of jatrophone in "cachaça" prepared with Jatropha elliptica.},
  journal = {Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo)},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {54},
  number = {5},
  pages = {754--757},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16651786}
}
      
Brum, R. L., Honda, N. K., Mazarin, S. M., Hess, S. C., Cavalheiro, A. J. & Monache, F. D. Jatrowedione, a lathyrane diterpene from Jatropha weddelliana 1998 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{BrumAugust1998,
  author = {Brum, Rosenei Louzada and Honda, Neli Kika and Mazarin, S. M. and Hess, S. C. and Cavalheiro, A. J. and Monache, F. D.},
  title = {Jatrowedione, a lathyrane diterpene from Jatropha weddelliana},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {48},
  pages = {1225--1227},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00319422/1998/00000048/00000007/art00159''doi}
}
      
Buckley, Y. M. & Kelly, C. K. Comparison of population structures and ecology of a congeneric pair of common and rare neotropical tree species 2003 Plant Ecology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{BuckleyJuly2003,
  author = {Buckley, Y. M. and Kelly, C. K.},
  title = {Comparison of population structures and ecology of a congeneric pair of common and rare neotropical tree species},
  journal = {Plant Ecology},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {167},
  pages = {45--56},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/vege/2003/00000167/00000001/05094671}
}
      
Calixto, J. B. & Sant'Ana, A. E. Evidence for the mechanism of the inhibitory action of jatrophone in the isolated rat uterine muscle. 1990 Gen Pharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: 1. Jatrophone (JAT), a diterpene isolated from the plant Jatropha elliptica (1-300 microM), caused a concentration-dependent relaxation effect against acetylcholine (Ach)-oxytocin (Ot)- and KCl-induced uterine sustained contraction. The relative potency order was: Ach greater than Ot greater than KCl. 2. The relaxant effect of JAT was not modified by phorbol ester, forskolin, MIX, TMB-8 and W-7. The increase concentration of calcium (0.2-2 mM) in the medium did not reverse the inhibitory effect caused by JAT. 3. Pre-incubation of the preparations with JAT (16-32 microM) for 20 min, caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of KCl-induced contractile response. At 30 microM, JAT inhibited in an apparently non-competitive manner CaCl2-induced contraction in K+-depolarized preparations. High concentrations of JAT (100 microM) also caused a time-dependent relaxation in CaCl2-induced sustained uterine contraction (T1/2 = approx. 15 min). 4. JAT (30 microM) inhibited the dihydropyridine calcium channel agonist Bay K 8644-induced uterine contraction in an apparently non-competitive fashion, while verapamil (0.1 microM) caused an rightward displacement of Bay K 8644 contraction and marked inhibition of the maximal response.
BibTeX:
@article{Calixto1990,
  author = {Calixto, J. B. and Sant'Ana, A. E.},
  title = {Evidence for the mechanism of the inhibitory action of jatrophone in the isolated rat uterine muscle.},
  journal = {Gen Pharmacol},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {21},
  number = {1},
  pages = {117--122},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=1688818}
}
      
Canales, M., Hernández, T., Caballero, J., de Vivar, A. R., Avila, G., Duran, A. & Lira, R. Informant consensus factor and antibacterial activity of the medicinal plants used by the people of San Rafael Coxcatlán, Puebla, México. 2005 J Ethnopharmacol   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Using ethnobotanical techniques, the medicinal flora used by the inhabitants of San Rafael Coxcatlán, Puebla was determined. During the field work, two types of interviews were applied (free listing and semi-structured) to 60 informants, who supplied consistent information concerning the use of 46 species of medicinal plants. Further analysis showed 13 categories of different medicinal use. An informant consensus factor was calculated and 16 species were selected due to their utilization in the treatment of diseases of possible bacterial origin. Of these 16 plants, sequential extractions were made with hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol. The obtained extracts were used to assess their antibacterial activity against 14 bacterial strains; 75 of the plants presented antibacterial activity. The medicinal species Jatropha neopauciflora Pax (Euphorbiaceae) and Juliania adstringens (Schldl.) Schldl. (Julianiaceae) were those that showed the biggest activity. Moreover, these species also had the highest informant consensus factor values.
BibTeX:
@article{Canales2005,
  author = {Canales, M. and Hernández, T. and Caballero, J. and de Vivar, A. Romo and Avila, G. and Duran, A. and Lira, R.},
  title = {Informant consensus factor and antibacterial activity of the medicinal plants used by the people of San Rafael Coxcatlán, Puebla, México.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {97},
  number = {3},
  pages = {429--439},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15740877},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2004.11.013}
}
      
Cano, A. L. M., Plumbley, R. A. & et al. Purification and partial characterization of a hemagglutinin from seeds of Jatropha curcas. 1989 Journal Of Food Biochemistry   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Cano1989,
  author = {Cano, A. L. M. and Plumbley, R. A. and et al.},
  title = {Purification and partial characterization of a hemagglutinin from seeds of Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Journal Of Food Biochemistry},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {13},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1-20}
}
      
Capinera, J. L. & Froeba, J. G. Behavioral Responses of Schistocerca americana (Orthoptera: Acrididae) to Azadirex (Neem)-Treated Host Plants 2007 Journal of Economic Entomology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{CapineraFebruary2007,
  author = {Capinera, John L. and Froeba, Jason G.},
  title = {Behavioral Responses of Schistocerca americana (Orthoptera: Acrididae) to Azadirex (Neem)-Treated Host Plants},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Entomology},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {100},
  pages = {117--122},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/jee/2007/00000100/00000001/art00017}
}
      
Carabali, A., Bellotti, A., Montoya-Lerma, J. & Cuellar, M. Adaptation of Bemisia tabaci biotype B (Gennadius) to cassava, Manihot esculenta (Crantz). 2005 Crop Protection   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Carabali2005,
  author = {Carabali, A. and Bellotti, A.C. and Montoya-Lerma, J. and Cuellar, M.E.},
  title = {Adaptation of Bemisia tabaci biotype B (Gennadius) to cassava, Manihot esculenta (Crantz).},
  journal = {Crop Protection},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {24},
  pages = {643-649},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T5T-4FJXN1H-1&_user=10&_coverDate=07%2F31%2F2005&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=24&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5011&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=ff68283e757676f7f3f47344bb6c5d9d}
}
      
Ceccolini, L. The homegardens of Soqotra island, Yemen: an example of agroforestry approach to multiple land-use in an isolated location 2002 Agroforestry Systems   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{CeccoliniNovember2002,
  author = {Ceccolini, Lorenzo},
  title = {The homegardens of Soqotra island, Yemen: an example of agroforestry approach to multiple land-use in an isolated location},
  journal = {Agroforestry Systems},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {56},
  pages = {107--115},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/agfo/2002/00000056/00000002/05101022''doi}
}
      
Chatterjee, A., Das, B., Pascard, C. & Prange, T. Crystal structure of a lignan from Jatropha gossypifolia 1981 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Chatterjee1981,
  author = {Chatterjee, A. and Das, Biswanath and Pascard, C. and Prange, T.},
  title = {Crystal structure of a lignan from Jatropha gossypifolia},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {20},
  number = {8},
  pages = {2047-2048},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-42K6FGN-JV&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1981&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=114&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=e0b14b6434a7d750c1ddbf9914412a9b}
}
      
Chen, M. J., Hou, L. L. & et al. The diterpenoids from Jatropha curcas L. 1988 Acta Botanica Sinica   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Chen1988,
  author = {Chen, M. J. and Hou, L. L. and et al.},
  title = {The diterpenoids from Jatropha curcas L.},
  journal = {Acta Botanica Sinica},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {30},
  number = {3},
  pages = {308-311}
}
      
Consoli, R. A. G. B., Mendes, N. M. & et al. Influence of several plant extracts on the oviposition behavior of Aedes fluviatilis (Lutz) (Diptera: Culicidae) in the laboratory. 1989 Memorias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz Rio De Janeiro   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Consoli1989,
  author = {Consoli, R. A. G. B. and Mendes, N. M. and et al.},
  title = {Influence of several plant extracts on the oviposition behavior of Aedes fluviatilis (Lutz) (Diptera: Culicidae) in the laboratory.},
  journal = {Memorias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz Rio De Janeiro},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {84},
  number = {1},
  pages = {47-52}
}
      
Costa, H. S., Westcot, D. M., Ullman, D. E., Rosell, R. C., Brown, J. K. & Johnson, M. W. Virus-like Particles in the Mycetocytes of the Sweetpotato Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera, Aleyrodidae) 1996 Journal of Invertebrate Pathology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{CostaMarch1996,
  author = {Costa, H. S. and Westcot, D. M. and Ullman, D. E. and Rosell, R. C. and Brown, J. K. and Johnson, M. W.},
  title = {Virus-like Particles in the Mycetocytes of the Sweetpotato Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera, Aleyrodidae)},
  journal = {Journal of Invertebrate Pathology},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {67},
  pages = {183--186},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ap/in/1996/00000067/00000002/art00028}
}
      
Crothers, M. Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.). Agnote no. 583. 1994   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Crothers1994,
  author = {Crothers, M.},
  title = {Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.). Agnote no. 583.},
  year = {1994}
}
      
Csurhes, S. M. Bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) in Queensland. 1999   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Csurhes1999,
  author = {Csurhes, S. M.},
  title = {Bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia) in Queensland.},
  year = {1999}
}
      
Damninger, H. & Eder, P. Politics of energy production in developing countries. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Damninger1997,
  author = {Damninger, H. and Eder, P.},
  title = {Politics of energy production in developing countries.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {15?-25?}
}
      
Das, B. & Anjani, G. Gossypidien, a lignan from stems of Jatropha gossypifollia 1999 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Das10May1999,
  author = {Das, Biswanath and Anjani, G.},
  title = {Gossypidien, a lignan from stems of Jatropha gossypifollia},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {51},
  pages = {115--117},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00319422/1999/00000051/00000001/art00727''doi}
}
      
Das, B. & Banerji, J. Arylnaphthalene lignan from Jatropha gossypifolia 1988 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Das1988,
  author = {Das, B. and Banerji, J.},
  title = {Arylnaphthalene lignan from Jatropha gossypifolia},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {27},
  number = {11},
  pages = {3684-3686},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-42M7W68-2F&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1988&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=104&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=6942a52b0972fbc19a2c07c50f06d60c}
}
      
Das, B. & Das, R. Gossypifan, a lignan from Jatropha gossypifolia 1995 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Das3October1995,
  author = {Das, Biswanath and Das, R.},
  title = {Gossypifan, a lignan from Jatropha gossypifolia},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {40},
  pages = {931--932},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00319422/1995/00000040/00000003/art00400''doi}
}
      
Das, B., Kashinatham, A., Venkataiah, B., Srinivas, K. V. N. S., Mahender, G. & Ravinder, R. M. Cleomiscosin A, a coumarino-lignoid from Jatropha gossypifolia 2003 Biochemical Systematics and Ecology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{DasOctober2003,
  author = {Das, Biswanath and Kashinatham, A. and Venkataiah, Bollu and Srinivas, K. V. N. S. and Mahender, G. and Ravinder, Reddy M.},
  title = {Cleomiscosin A, a coumarino-lignoid from Jatropha gossypifolia},
  journal = {Biochemical Systematics and Ecology},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {31},
  pages = {1189--1191},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03051978/2003/00000031/00000010/art00067''doi}
}
      
Das, B., Rao, S. P. & Srinivas, K. V. Isolation of Isogadain from Jatropha gossypifolia1. 1996 Planta Med   article DOIURL  
BibTeX:
@article{Das1996,
  author = {Das, Biswanath and Rao, S. P. and Srinivas, K. V.},
  title = {Isolation of Isogadain from Jatropha gossypifolia1.},
  journal = {Planta Med},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {62},
  number = {1},
  pages = {90},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-957818},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-957818}
}
      
Das, B., Rao, S. P., Srinivas, K. V. N. S. & Das, R. Jatrodien, a lignan from stems of Jatropha gossypifolia 1996 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Das8February1996,
  author = {Das, Biswanath and Rao, S. P. and Srinivas, K. V. N. S. and Das, R.},
  title = {Jatrodien, a lignan from stems of Jatropha gossypifolia},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {41},
  pages = {985--987},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00319422/1996/00000041/00000003/art00729''doi}
}
      
Das, B. & Venkataiah, B. A minor coumarino-lignoid from Jatropha gossypifolia. 2001 Biochem Syst Ecol   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Das2001,
  author = {Das, Biswanath and Venkataiah, Bollu},
  title = {A minor coumarino-lignoid from Jatropha gossypifolia.},
  journal = {Biochem Syst Ecol},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {29},
  number = {2},
  pages = {213--214},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03051978/2001/00000029/00000002/art00049''doi}
}
      
Dehgan, B. Phylogenetic significance of interspecific hybridization in Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae). 1984 Syst. Bot.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Dehgan1984,
  author = {Dehgan, B.},
  title = {Phylogenetic significance of interspecific hybridization in Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae).},
  journal = {Syst. Bot.},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {9},
  number = {4},
  pages = {467-478}
}
      
Dehgan, B. & Schutzman, B. Contributions toward a monograph of neotropical Jatropha: phenetic and phylogenetic analyses. 1994 Ann. Miss. Botanic Garden   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Dehgan1994,
  author = {Dehgan, B. and Schutzman, B.},
  title = {Contributions toward a monograph of neotropical Jatropha:  phenetic and phylogenetic analyses.},
  journal = {Ann. Miss. Botanic Garden},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {81},
  pages = {349-367}
}
      
Demant, A. & Gajo, M. Wirtschaftlichkeitsbetrachtung zur Förderung des Erosionsschutzes durch Produktion und Nutzung von Purgieröl als Kraftstoff im Sahel am Beispiel von Mali. 1992   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Demant1992,
  author = {Demant, A. and Gajo, M.},
  title = {Wirtschaftlichkeitsbetrachtung zur Förderung des Erosionsschutzes durch Produktion und Nutzung von Purgieröl als Kraftstoff im Sahel am Beispiel von Mali.},
  year = {1992}
}
      
Denton, R. W., Harding, W. W., Anderson, C. I., Jacobs, H., McLean, S. & Reynolds, W. F. New diterpenes from Jatropha divaricata. 2001 J Nat Prod   article  
Abstract: Extracts of the stems of Jatropha divaricata have yielded the two new diterpenes ent-3 beta,14 alpha-hydroxypimara-7,9(11),15-triene-12-one (3) and the rearranged pimarane ent-15(13-->8)abeo-8 beta(ethyl)pimarane (4), which appears to be a new skeletal type. The rare cleistanthane diterpenes spruceanol (1) and cleistanthol (2) were also obtained.
BibTeX:
@article{Denton2001,
  author = {Denton, R. W. and Harding, W. W. and Anderson, C. I. and Jacobs, H. and McLean, S. and Reynolds, W. F.},
  title = {New diterpenes from Jatropha divaricata.},
  journal = {J Nat Prod},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {64},
  number = {6},
  pages = {829--831}
}
      
Dielacher, T., Eder, P. & Narodoslawsky, M. Evaluation of European biodiesel - production and use with the sustainable process index. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Dielacher1997,
  author = {Dielacher, T. and Eder, P. and Narodoslawsky, M.},
  title = {Evaluation of European biodiesel - production and use with the sustainable process index.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {137-142}
}
      
Dimri, U. & Sharma, M. C. Effects of sarcoptic mange and its control with oil of Cedrus deodara, Pongamia glabra, Jatropha curcas and benzyl benzoate, both with and without ascorbic acid on growing sheep: assessment of weight gain, liver function, nutrient digestibility, wool production and meat quality. 2004 J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med   article DOIURL  
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of commonly used acaricidal drugs in India and also to assess the effect of ascorbic acid as adjunct therapy in 72 growing sheep with sarcoptic mange, aged 5-6 months and weighing 20.4-31.7 kg. Eight replicates of nine animals were formed based on sex, and day 0 body weight. Drugs were applied locally on the affected parts daily and recovery changes in skin lesions were observed at the time of every application. L-ascorbic acid was administered intramuscularly. Skin scrapings were collected daily from each group and examined for the presence of mites. Body weights were measured every 10th day from day 0 to 60. Nutrient digestiblity was evaluated by studying digestibility coefficients for dry matter, crude protein, ether extract, crude fibre, nitrogen free extract, total carbohydrates and nutrient balance (nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus) for a 30-day period. The liver function was evaluated by bromosulphophthalein (BSP) dye retention time. The animals were shorn on day 60 post-treatment (PT). Meat quality assesment was carried out by killing sheep at 60 days PT and estimating pH, water-holding capacity (WHC), tenderness, muscle colour, rib eye area and fat thickness. The lambs treated with oil of Jatropha curcas ascorbic acid had significantly (P < 0.05) greater mean daily body weight gains (63.29 g) than the infected untreated control (41.10 g). This was also higher than the mean daily weight gain in other treated groups. Infected untreated sheep showed significantly (P < 0.01) reduced digestibility coefficients for dry matter, crude protein, crude fibre, ether extract and total carbohydrate, but no significant differences for nitrogen-free extract. Treated sheep had significantly higher positive nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus balances compared with infested untreated sheep. Oil of J. curcas plus ascorbic acid (OJC-AA) treated group was better over all other treated groups with respect to nutrient digestibility. The BSP test revealed significant (P < 0.05) increase in BSP retention time in sheep with sarcoptic mange. Post -treatment, the BSP retention time decreased in all treated groups and the decrease was maximum in OJC-AA treated group. The carcasses of sheep treated with OJC-AA had significantly (P < 0.01) higher water holding capacity, rib eye area and back fat thickness than the untreated infected control group. The muscle pH and tenderness values were significantly lower in OJC-AA treated group post-slaughter than infested untreated control group. Muscle colour of OJC-AA treated group was maximum bright red. The lambs treated with OJC-AA had significantly (P < 0.05) greater clean fleece weight and fleece yield than the untreated infected group. It is concluded that OJC was the better therapy for sarcoptic mange of sheep and ascorbic acid as adjunct therapy is advisable. OJC-AA therapy may be better from the point of view of improving two most important production parameters in sheep, that is, wool yield and meat production.
BibTeX:
@article{Dimri2004,
  author = {Dimri, U. and Sharma, M. C.},
  title = {Effects of sarcoptic mange and its control with oil of Cedrus deodara, Pongamia glabra, Jatropha curcas and benzyl benzoate, both with and without ascorbic acid on growing sheep: assessment of weight gain, liver function, nutrient digestibility, wool production and meat quality.},
  journal = {J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {51},
  number = {2},
  pages = {79--84},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/jva/2004/00000051/00000002/art00007''doi},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0442.2004.00602.x}
}
      
Dominguez, X. A., Cano, G., Franco, R., Villarreal, A. M., Watson, W. H. & Zabel, V. Riolozatrione, a new class of diterpene from Jatropha dioica var. Sessiliflora 1980 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Dominguez1980,
  author = {Dominguez, X. A. and Cano, G. and Franco, R. and Villarreal, A. M. and Watson, W. H. and Zabel, V.},
  title = {Riolozatrione, a new class of diterpene from Jatropha dioica var. Sessiliflora},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1980},
  volume = {19},
  number = {11},
  pages = {2478},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-432F3BK-93&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1980&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=115&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=fe84741143b775700c2837f1f5f62710}
}
      
Droit, S. Recherches sur la graine et l’huile de Purghère ou Pignon d’Inde (Jatropha curcas L.). 1932 School: Université de Paris, Faculté de Pharmacie, Paris.   mastersthesis  
BibTeX:
@mastersthesis{Droit1932,
  author = {Droit, S.},
  title = {Recherches sur la graine et l’huile de Purghère ou Pignon d’Inde (Jatropha curcas L.).},
  school = {Université de Paris, Faculté de Pharmacie, Paris.},
  year = {1932}
}
      
Dufey, A. Biofuels production, trade and sustainable development: emerging issues. 2006   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Dufey2006,
  author = {Dufey, Annie},
  title = {Biofuels production, trade and sustainable development: emerging issues.},
  year = {2006}
}
      
Eisa, M. N. Production of ethyl esters as diesel fuel substitute in the developing countries. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Eisa1997,
  author = {Eisa, M. N.},
  title = {Production of ethyl esters as diesel fuel substitute in the developing countries.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {110-112}
}
      
Fagbenro-Beyioku, A. F., Oyibo, W. A. & Anuforom, B. C. Disinfectant/antiparasitic activities of Jatropha curcas. 1998 East Afr Med J   article URL  
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the disinfectant/antiparasitic activities of Jatropha curcas as a first step in providing a cheap, readily available disinfectant and malaria vector control agent. DESIGN: Bacteriological and parasitologic tests were carried out on laboratory bench surfaces using the sap and crushed leaves of Jatropha curcas. Four rectangular areas labelled A, B, C and D were first swabbed and streaked onto McConkey and Nutrient agar plates. Section A was treated with "Hibiscrub", D with exterma germcloth, B and C with full strength sap and leaf extracts respectively. Effect of the sap was also tested on helminth ova, vector control on mosquito eggs and toxic effects of the sap on mice. SETTING: The study was carried out in the medical microbiology laboratory of the College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos. RESULTS: Observation showed that the sap extracted germicidal actions on the growth of common bacteria of Staphylococcus, Bacillus and Micrococcus species on contact and retained such effects on treated laboratory bench surface for close to six hours after initial application. Ova of Ascaris Lumbricoides and Necator americanus incubated in 50 and 100 concentrations of the sap at room temperature showed either no evidence of embryonation after 21 days in the case of A. Lumbricoides, negation of hatchability in hookworm, or complete distortion in both. The sap also exhibited strong inhibitory effect on normal larval growth of mosquito, but was highly toxic to mice when administered through oral or intraperitoneal routes. CONCLUSION: J. curcas would provide a very cheap, readily available disinfectant and malaria vector control agent and should be commercially exploited.
BibTeX:
@article{Fagbenro-Beyioku1998,
  author = {Fagbenro-Beyioku, A. F. and Oyibo, W. A. and Anuforom, B. C.},
  title = {Disinfectant/antiparasitic activities of Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {East Afr Med J},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {75},
  number = {9},
  pages = {508--511},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=10493051}
}
      
FAKT Testing the aptitude of an oilexpeller for processing of physic nut. 1992   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{FAKT1992,
  author = {FAKT},
  title = {Testing the aptitude of an oilexpeller for processing of physic nut.},
  year = {1992}
}
      
Felke, J. The poisonous principles of the seeds of Jatropha curcas Linn. 1914 Landw Versuchsw   article  
BibTeX:
@article{J.1914,
  author = {Felke, J.},
  title = {The poisonous principles of the seeds of Jatropha curcas Linn.},
  journal = {Landw Versuchsw},
  year = {1914},
  volume = {82},
  pages = {427-430}
}
      
Felke, J. Über die Giftstoffe der Samen von Jatropha curcas. 1913 Landw. Vers. Stat.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Felke1913,
  author = {Felke, J.},
  title = {Über die Giftstoffe der Samen von Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Landw. Vers. Stat.},
  year = {1913},
  volume = {82},
  pages = {427-467}
}
      
Felske, W. Untersuchungen zur Nutzung der Purgiernuß im “alley cropping” System. 1991 School: University Hohenheim, Stuttgart.   mastersthesis  
BibTeX:
@mastersthesis{Felske1991,
  author = {Felske, W.},
  title = {Untersuchungen zur Nutzung der Purgiernuß im “alley cropping” System.},
  school = {University Hohenheim, Stuttgart.},
  year = {1991}
}
      
Fernandez, M. D., Pieters, A., Azkue, M., Rengifo, E., Tezara, W., Woodward, F. I. & Herrera, A. Photosynthesis in Plants of Four Tropical Species Growing under Elevated CO2 2000 Photosynthetica   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Fernandez2000,
  author = {Fernandez, M. D. and Pieters, A. and Azkue, M. and Rengifo, E. and Tezara, W. and Woodward, F. I. and Herrera, A.},
  title = {Photosynthesis in Plants of Four Tropical Species Growing under Elevated CO\_2},
  journal = {Photosynthetica},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {37},
  pages = {587--599},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/phot/2000/00000037/00000004/00275079}
}
      
Ferrao, J. E. M. & Ferrao, A. M. B. C. Contribuiçao para o estudo da semente de Purgueira (Jatropha curcas L.) de S. Tomé e Príncipe 1984   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Ferrao1984,
  author = {Ferrao, J. E. M. and Ferrao, A. M. B. C.},
  title = {Contribuiçao para o estudo da semente de Purgueira (Jatropha curcas L.) de S. Tomé e Príncipe},
  year = {1984},
  number = {Tema 1, Comunicaçao 36.}
}
      
Ferrao, J. E. M. & Ferrao, A. M. B. C. Purgueira de Cabo Verde composiçao da semente. Algumas caracteristicas da gordura. 1981 Rev. Port. Bioquim   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Ferrao1981,
  author = {Ferrao, J. E. M. and Ferrao, A. M. B. C.},
  title = {Purgueira de Cabo Verde composiçao da semente. Algumas caracteristicas da gordura.},
  journal = {Rev. Port. Bioquim},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {4},
  pages = {17-24}
}
      
Ferrao, J. E. M., Ferrao, A. M. B. C. & Patricio, M. T. S. Purgueira da Ilha do Fogo. Composiçao da sementa, algumas caracteristicas da gordura. 1982   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Ferrao1982,
  author = {Ferrao, J. E. M. and Ferrao, A. M. B. C. and Patricio, M. T. S.},
  title = {Purgueira da Ilha do Fogo. Composiçao da sementa, algumas caracteristicas da gordura.},
  year = {1982},
  number = {Estudos No. 14.}
}
      
Fleuret, A. Nonfood uses of plants in Usambara. 1980 Econ. Bot.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Fleuret1980,
  author = {Fleuret, A.},
  title = {Nonfood uses of plants in Usambara.},
  journal = {Econ. Bot.},
  year = {1980},
  volume = {34},
  number = {4},
  pages = {320-333}
}
      
Foidl, N. & Eder, P. Agro-industrial exploitation of J. curcas. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Foidl1997,
  author = {Foidl, N. and Eder, P.},
  title = {Agro-industrial exploitation of J. curcas.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {88-91}
}
      
Foidl, N., Foidl, G., Sanchez, M., Mittelbach, M. & Hackel, S. Jatropha curcas L. as a source for the production of biofuel in Nicaragua 1996 Bioresource Technology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{FoidlOctober1996,
  author = {Foidl, N. and Foidl, G. and Sanchez, M. and Mittelbach, M. and Hackel, S.},
  title = {Jatropha curcas L. as a source for the production of biofuel in Nicaragua},
  journal = {Bioresource Technology},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {58},
  pages = {77--82},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/09608524/1996/00000058/00000001/art00111''doi}
}
      
Fojas, F. R., Garcia, L. L., Venzon, E. L., Sison, F. M., Villanueva, B. A. & Fojas, I. Pharmacological studies on Jatropha curcas as a possible source of anti-arrhythmic (beta-blocker) agent. 1986 Philipp. J. Sci.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Fojas1986,
  author = {Fojas, F. R. and Garcia, L. L. and Venzon, E. L. and Sison, F. M. and Villanueva, B. A. and Fojas, A. J. and. Llave, I},
  title = {Pharmacological studies on Jatropha curcas as a possible source of anti-arrhythmic (beta-blocker) agent.},
  journal = {Philipp. J. Sci.},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {115},
  number = {4},
  pages = {317-328}
}
      
Forson, F. K., Oduro, E. K. & Hammond-Donkoh, E. Performance of jatropha oil blends in a diesel engine. 2004 Renewable Energy   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Forson2004,
  author = {Forson, F. K. and Oduro, E. K. and Hammond-Donkoh, E.},
  title = {Performance of jatropha oil blends in a diesel engine.},
  journal = {Renewable Energy},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {29},
  pages = {1135-1145},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V4S-4BK2D52-1&_user=10&_coverDate=06%2F30%2F2004&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=36&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5766&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=f199a62a4406dfdd9bd1a5e3c37e5208}
}
      
Francis, G., Edinger, R. & Becker, K. A concept for simultaneous wasteland reclamation, fuel production, and socio-economic development in degraded areas in India: Need, potential and perspectives of Jatropha plantations 2005 Natural Resources Forum   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{FrancisFebruary2005,
  author = {Francis, George and Edinger, Raphael and Becker, Klaus},
  title = {A concept for simultaneous wasteland reclamation, fuel production, and socio-economic development in degraded areas in India: Need, potential and perspectives of Jatropha plantations},
  journal = {Natural Resources Forum},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {29},
  pages = {12--24},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bpl/narf/2005/00000029/00000001/art00002''doi}
}
      
Franke, K., Nasher, A. K. & Schmidt, J. Constituents of Jatropha unicostata 2004 Biochemical Systematics and Ecology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{FrankeFebruary2004,
  author = {Franke, K. and Nasher, A. K. and Schmidt, J.},
  title = {Constituents of Jatropha unicostata},
  journal = {Biochemical Systematics and Ecology},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {32},
  pages = {219--220},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03051978/2004/00000032/00000002/art00140''doi}
}
      
Freitas, A. S. B. d. A Purgueira e o seu oleo. 1906 School: Instituto de Agronomia e Veterinaria, Lisboa   mastersthesis  
BibTeX:
@mastersthesis{Freitas1906,
  author = {Freitas, A. S. Barjona de.},
  title = {A Purgueira e o seu oleo.},
  school = {Instituto de Agronomia e Veterinaria, Lisboa},
  year = {1906}
}
      
Fu, P. & Robinson, T. Pyridinium oxidases in the family euphorbiaceae 1970 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Fu1970,
  author = {Fu, P. and Robinson, T.},
  title = {Pyridinium oxidases in the family euphorbiaceae},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1970},
  volume = {9},
  number = {12},
  pages = {2443-2446},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-42HGXNT-DB&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1970&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=121&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=73c492c7ebf32c6b528253bb7a3f4fda}
}
      
Gandhi, V. M., Cherian, K. M. & Mulky, M. J. Toxicological studies on ratanjyot oil. 1995 Food Chem Toxicol   article URL  
Abstract: Ratanjyot (Jatropha curcas) grows wild in many parts of India and Brazil. Experimental studies on the toxicity of its oil are scarce despite its use as a cathartic purgative, for treatment of many ailments in human medicine and in industrial applications. This study aims to provide data on its toxicity. The proximate composition of the kernels and physicochemical characteristics of its oil were determined. The kernels constitute 62 of the seed and contain 52 oil, which is reported to contain phorbol esters. A toxic fraction (2.4) containing the phorbol esters was isolated from the oil. The acute oral LD50 of the oil was found to be 6 ml/kg body weight in rats. The oil caused severe diarrhoea and gastro-intestinal inflammation. The isolated toxic fraction, when applied to the skin of rabbits and rats, produced a severely irritant reaction followed by necrosis; in mice, this fraction had a dermally toxic and lethal effect. The oil and the toxic fraction at 25 and 1 mg respectively in 10 ml saline showed haemolytic activity, disrupting red blood cells. Detoxification or complete removal of the potent toxins present in ratanjyot oil is essential before its use in industrial applications or in human medicine can be considered.
BibTeX:
@article{Gandhi1995,
  author = {Gandhi, V. M. and Cherian, K. M. and Mulky, M. J.},
  title = {Toxicological studies on ratanjyot oil.},
  journal = {Food Chem Toxicol},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {33},
  number = {1},
  pages = {39--42},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=7821875}
}
      
Garcia, R. P. & Lawas, P. Potential plant extracts for the control of Azolla fungal pathogens. 1990 Philipp. Agric.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Garcia1990,
  author = {Garcia, R. P. and Lawas, P.},
  title = {Potential plant extracts for the control of Azolla fungal pathogens.},
  journal = {Philipp. Agric.},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {73},
  number = {3/4},
  pages = {343-348}
}
      
García, A. & Delgado, G. Cytotoxic cis-fused bicyclic sesquiterpenoids from Jatropha neopauciflora. 2006 J Nat Prod   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Analysis of polar fractions of the bark extract of Jatropha neopauciflora provided two uncommon cis-fused bicyclic sesquiterpenoids, which were characterized as (1R,2R,5S,6S,7S,10S)*-5-epi-eudesm-4(15)-ene-1alpha,2beta,6alpha-triol (1) and (1R,2R,5S,6S,7R,10S)*-ax-4(15)-ene-1alpha,2beta,7beta-triol (2). Their absolute configuration and biogenesis were derived by correlations with congeners of known absolute configurations. Biological investigation of less polar fractions of the bark extract led to the isolation of moderately cytotoxic triterpenes, calenduladiol (3) and (3beta,16beta)-16-hydroxylup-20(29)-en-3-yl (E)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoate (4).
BibTeX:
@article{Garcia2006,
  author = {García, Abraham and Delgado, Guillermo},
  title = {Cytotoxic cis-fused bicyclic sesquiterpenoids from Jatropha neopauciflora.},
  journal = {J Nat Prod},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {69},
  number = {11},
  pages = {1618--1621},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/np060194h},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/np060194h}
}
      
Garg, U. K., Kaur, M. P., Garg, V. K. & Sud, D. Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution by agricultural waste biomass. 2007 J Hazard Mater   article DOIURL  
Abstract: In the present study adsorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions onto different agricultural wastes, viz., sugarcane bagasse, maize corn cob and Jatropha oil cake under various experimental conditions has been studied. Effects of adsorbent dosage, Cr(VI) concentration, pH and contact time on the adsorption of hexavalent chromium were investigated. The concentration of chromium in the test solution was determined spectrophotometrically. FT-IR spectra of the adsorbents (before use and after exhaustion) were recorded to explore number and position of the functional groups available for the binding of chromium ions on to studied adsorbents. SEMs of the adsorbents were recorded to explore the morphology of the studied adsorbents. Maximum adsorption was observed in the acidic medium at pH 2 with a contact time of 60min at 250rpm stirring speed. Jatropha oil cake had better adsorption capacity than sugarcane bagasse and maize corn cob under identical experimental conditions. The applicability of the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms was tested. The results showed that studied adsorbents can be an attractive low cost alternative for the treatment of wastewaters in batched or stirred mode reactors containing lower concentrations of chromium.
BibTeX:
@article{Garg2007,
  author = {Garg, Umesh K. and Kaur, M. P. and Garg, V. K. and Sud, Dhiraj},
  title = {Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution by agricultural waste biomass.},
  journal = {J Hazard Mater},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {140},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {60--68},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.06.056},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.06.056}
}
      
Gbeassor, M., Kossou, Y., Amegbo, K., de Souza, C., Koumaglo, K. & Denke, A. Antimalarial effects of eight African medicinal plants. 1989 J Ethnopharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: Crude hot water extracts from eight medicinal plants collected in Togo, West Africa, were examined for antimalarial properties against Plasmodium falciparum using an in vitro test. The activity differed with the plant species with extracts of Cassia siamea, Jatropha gossypiifolia and Pavetta crassipes capable of 100 inhibition.
BibTeX:
@article{Gbeassor1989,
  author = {Gbeassor, M. and Kossou, Y. and Amegbo, K. and de Souza, C. and Koumaglo, K. and Denke, A.},
  title = {Antimalarial effects of eight African medicinal plants.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {25},
  number = {1},
  pages = {115--118},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=2654489}
}
      
bagani GbR The binga lamp for Jatropha oil. 2001   booklet  
BibTeX:
@booklet{GbR2001,
  author = {bagani GbR},
  title = {The binga lamp for Jatropha oil.},
  year = {2001}
}
      
Girach, R. D., Singh, S. & et al. Euphorbiaceae in native health practices of district Bhadrak, Orissa, India. 1998 Fitoterapia   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Girach1998,
  author = {Girach, R. D. and Singh, S. and et al.},
  title = {Euphorbiaceae in native health practices of district Bhadrak, Orissa, India.},
  journal = {Fitoterapia},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {69},
  number = {1},
  pages = {24-28}
}
      
González, R. C. & González-Chávez, M. C. A. Metal accumulation in wild plants surrounding mining wastes. 2006 Environ Pollut   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Four sites were selected for collection of plants growing on polluted soil developed on tailings from Ag, Au, and Zn mines at the Zacatecas state in Mexico. Trace element concentrations varied between sites, the most polluted area was at El Bote mine near to Zacatecas city. The ranges of total concentration in soil were as follows: Cd 11-47, Ni 19-26, Pb 232-695, Mn 1132-2400, Cu 134-186 and Zn 116-827 mg kg(-1) air-dried soil weight. All soil samples had concentrations above typical values for non-polluted soils from the same soil types (Cd 0.6+/-0.3, Ni 52+/-4, Pb 41+/-3mg kg(-1)). However, for the majority of samples the DTPA-extractable element concentrations were less than 10 of the total. Some of the wild plants are potentially metal tolerant, because they were able to grow in highly polluted substrates. Plant metal analysis revealed that most species did not translocate metals to their aerial parts, therefore they behave as excluder plants. Polygonum aviculare accumulated Zn (9236 mg kg(-1)) at concentrations near to the criteria for hyperaccumulator plants. Jatropha dioica also accumulated high Zn (6249 mg kg(-1)) concentrations.
BibTeX:
@article{Gonzalez2006,
  author = {González, R. Carrillo and González-Chávez, M. C. A.},
  title = {Metal accumulation in wild plants surrounding mining wastes.},
  journal = {Environ Pollut},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {144},
  number = {1},
  pages = {84--92},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16631286},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2006.01.006}
}
      
Goonasekera, M. M., Gunawardana, V. K., Jayasena, K., Mohammed, S. G. & Balasubramaniam, S. Pregnancy terminating effect of Jatropha curcas in rats. 1995 J Ethnopharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: The fertility regulatory effect of the fruit of Jatropha curcas was investigated by oral administration of different extracts to pregnant rats for varying periods of time. Foetal resorption was observed with methanol, petroleum ether and dichloromethane extracts indicating the abortifacient properties of the fruit. The results also suggest that the interruption of pregnancy occurred at an early stage after implantation. This effect could be accomplished even when the extracts were given from the 6th to the 8th day of pregnancy. Loss of body weight during the dosing period, ranging from slight to severe was seen in the treated animals. Marked toxicity was observed with some extracts when given over a comparatively long period of about 10 days.
BibTeX:
@article{Goonasekera1995,
  author = {Goonasekera, M. M. and Gunawardana, V. K. and Jayasena, K. and Mohammed, S. G. and Balasubramaniam, S.},
  title = {Pregnancy terminating effect of Jatropha curcas in rats.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {47},
  number = {3},
  pages = {117--123},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03788741/1995/00000047/00000003/art01263''doi}
}
      
Grainge, M. & Ahmed, S. Handbook of Plants with Pest-control Properties 1088   book  
BibTeX:
@book{Grainge1088,
  author = {Grainge, M. and Ahmed, S.},
  title = {Handbook of Plants with Pest-control Properties},
  publisher = {John Wiley & Sons, New York},
  year = {1088}
}
      
Grimm, C. Evaluation of damage to physic nut (Jatropha curcas) by true bugs 1999 Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{GrimmAugust1999,
  author = {Grimm, C.},
  title = {Evaluation of damage to physic nut (Jatropha curcas) by true bugs},
  journal = {Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {92},
  pages = {127--136},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/ento/1999/00000092/00000002/00234824}
}
      
Grimm, C. & Fuhrer, E. Population dynamics of true bugs (Heteroptera) in physic nut (Jatropha curcas) plantations in Nicaragua. 1998 Journal of Applied Entomology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Grimm1998,
  author = {Grimm, C. and Fuhrer, E.},
  title = {Population dynamics of true bugs (Heteroptera) in physic nut (Jatropha curcas) plantations in Nicaragua.},
  journal = {Journal of Applied Entomology},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {122},
  number = {9-10},
  pages = {515-521}
}
      
Grimm, C. & Guharay, F. Control of leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus shield-backed bug Pachycoris klugii with entomopathogenic fungi. 1998 Biocontrol Science and Technology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Grimm1998a,
  author = {Grimm, C. and Guharay, F.},
  title = {Control of leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus shield-backed bug Pachycoris klugii with entomopathogenic fungi.},
  journal = {Biocontrol Science and Technology},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {8},
  number = {3},
  pages = {365-376}
}
      
Grimm, C. & Guharay, F. Control of Leaf-footed Bug Leptoglossus zonatus and Shield-backed Bug Pachycoris klugii with Entomopathogenic Fungi 1998 Biocontrol Science and Technology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Grimm1September1998,
  author = {Grimm, C. and Guharay, F.},
  title = {Control of Leaf-footed Bug Leptoglossus zonatus and Shield-backed Bug Pachycoris klugii with Entomopathogenic Fungi},
  journal = {Biocontrol Science and Technology},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {8},
  pages = {365--376},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tandf/cbst/1998/00000008/00000003/art00005}
}
      
Grimm, C. & Guharay, F. Potential of entomopathogenous fungi for the biological control of true bugs in J. curcas L. plantationa in Nicaragua. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Grimm1997a,
  author = {Grimm, C. and Guharay, F.},
  title = {Potential of entomopathogenous fungi for the biological control of true bugs in J. curcas L. plantationa in Nicaragua.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {40-46}
}
      
Grimm, C. & Maes, J. M. Arthropod fauna associated with Jatropha curcas L. in Nicaragua: a synopsis o fspecies, their biology and pest status. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Grimm1997,
  author = {Grimm, C. and Maes, J. -M.},
  title = {Arthropod fauna associated with Jatropha curcas L. in Nicaragua: a synopsis o fspecies, their biology and pest status.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {31-38}
}
      
Grimm, C. & Somarriba, A. Suitability of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) as single host plant for the leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus Dallas (Het., Coreidae). 1999 Journal of Applied Entomology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Grimm1999,
  author = {Grimm, C. and Somarriba, A.},
  title = {Suitability of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) as single host plant for the leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus Dallas (Het., Coreidae).},
  journal = {Journal of Applied Entomology},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {123},
  number = {6},
  pages = {347-350}
}
      
Grimm, C. & Somarriba, A. Lifecycle and rearing of the shield-backed bug Pachycoris klugii in Nicaragua (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). 1998 Entomologia Generalis   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Grimm1998b,
  author = {Grimm, C. and Somarriba, A.},
  title = {Lifecycle and rearing of the shield-backed bug Pachycoris klugii in Nicaragua (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae).},
  journal = {Entomologia Generalis},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {22},
  number = {3-4},
  pages = {211-221}
}
      
Grimm, C., Somarriba, A. & Foidl, N. Development of Eri Silkworm Samia cynthia ricini (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) of different provenances of J. curcas leaves. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.Gübitz, G. M. and Mittelbach, M. and Trabi, M.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Grimm1997b,
  author = {Grimm, C. and Somarriba, A. and Foidl, N.},
  title = {Development of Eri Silkworm Samia cynthia ricini (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) of different provenances of J. curcas leaves.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.Gübitz, G. M. and Mittelbach, M. and Trabi, M.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {233-24'}
}
      
Gross, H., Foidl, G. & Foidl, N. Detoxification of J. curcas press cake and oil and feeding experiments on fish and mice. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Gross1997,
  author = {Gross, H. and Foidl, G. and Foidl, N.},
  title = {Detoxification of J. curcas press cake and oil and feeding experiments on fish and mice.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {179-182}
}
      
Gubitz, G. M., Mittelbach, M. & Trabi, M. Exploitation of the tropical oil seed plant Jatropha curcas L. 1999 Bioresource Technology   article DOIURL  
BibTeX:
@article{GubitzJanuary1999a,
  author = {Gubitz, G. M. and Mittelbach, M. and Trabi, M.},
  title = {Exploitation of the tropical oil seed plant Jatropha curcas L.},
  journal = {Bioresource Technology},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {67},
  number = {1},
  pages = {73--82},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/09608524/1999/00000067/00000001/art00069''doi},
  doi = {doi:10.1016/S0960-8524(99)00069-3}
}
      
Gupta, M. P., Monge, A., Karikas, G. A., Lopez, d. C. A., Solis, P. N., de, L. E., Trujillo, M., Suarez, O., Wilson, F., Montenegro, G., Noriega, Y., Santana, A. I., Correa, M. & Sanchez, C. Screening of Panamanian Medicinal Plants for Brine Shrimp Toxicity, Crown Gall Tumor Inhibition, Cytotoxicity and DNA Intercalation 1996 Pharmaceutical Biology (Formerly International Journal of Pharmacognosy)   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{GuptaJanuary1996,
  author = {Gupta, M. P. and Monge, A. and Karikas, G. A. and Lopez, de Cerain A. and Solis, P. N. and de, Leon E. and Trujillo, M. and Suarez, O. and Wilson, F. and Montenegro, G. and Noriega, Y. and Santana, A. I. and Correa, M. and Sanchez, C.},
  title = {Screening of Panamanian Medicinal Plants for Brine Shrimp Toxicity, Crown Gall Tumor Inhibition, Cytotoxicity and DNA Intercalation},
  journal = {Pharmaceutical Biology (Formerly International Journal of Pharmacognosy)},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {34},
  pages = {19--27},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tandf/phbi/1996/00000034/00000001/art00004''doi}
}
      
Gupta, R. C. Pharmacognostic studies on Dravanti: 1. Jatropha curcas. 1985 Proceedings Of The Indian Academy Of Sciences Plant Sciences.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Gupta1985,
  author = {Gupta, R. C.},
  title = {Pharmacognostic studies on Dravanti: 1. Jatropha curcas.},
  booktitle = {Proceedings Of The Indian Academy Of Sciences Plant Sciences.},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {94},
  number = {1},
  pages = {65-82}
}
      
Haas, W. & Mittelbach, M. Detoxification experiments with the seed oil from Jatropha curcas L. 2000 Industrial Crops and Products   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{HaasAugust2000,
  author = {Haas, W. and Mittelbach, M.},
  title = {Detoxification experiments with the seed oil from Jatropha curcas L.},
  journal = {Industrial Crops and Products},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {12},
  pages = {111--118},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/09266690/2000/00000012/00000002/art00043''doi}
}
      
Haas, W., Sterk, H. & Mittelbach, M. Novel 12-deoxy-16-hydroxyphorbol diesters isolated from the seed oil of Jatropha curcas. 2002 J Nat Prod   article URL  
Abstract: Six unstable intramolecular diterpene esters were isolated from the seed oil of Jatropha curcas. Five of these, Jatropha factors C(2)-C(6) (3-7), are new natural products, and the structure of the known Jatropha factor C(1) (2) has been revised. All compounds possess the same diterpene moiety, namely, 12-deoxy-16-hydroxyphorbol (1). The dicarboxylic acid moieties of 2-5 contain a bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane unit, and those of 6 and 7 a cyclobutane unit, which is described for the first time within this compound class. Compounds 4 and 5 are C-8' epimers. The structures of 2-7 were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and give an insight into the biogenesis of the characterized substances.
BibTeX:
@article{Haas2002,
  author = {Haas, Wilhelm and Sterk, Heinz and Mittelbach, Martin},
  title = {Novel 12-deoxy-16-hydroxyphorbol diesters isolated from the seed oil of Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {J Nat Prod},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {65},
  number = {10},
  pages = {1434--1440},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12398539}
}
      
Hamza, J. M. O., den Beukel, C. J. P. v. d. B., Matee, M. I. N., Moshi, M. J., Mikx, F. H. M., Selemani, H. O., Mbwambo, Z. H., der Ven, A. J. A. M. V. & Verweij, P. E. Antifungal activity of some Tanzanian plants used traditionally for the treatment of fungal infections. 2006 J Ethnopharmacol   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Using the ethnobotanical approach, some Tanzanian plants reported to be used by traditional healers for the treatment of oral candidiasis and fungal infections of the skin were collected and screened for their antifungal activity against Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis, Candida parapsilosis, Candida krusei and Cryptococcus neoformans. A total of 65 crude methanol extracts belonging to 56 plant species and 38 families were screened using the broth microdilution method, according to the guidelines of the Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) (formerly, National Committee for Clinical and Laboratory Standards) [National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, 2002. Reference Method for Broth Dilution Antifungal Susceptibility Testing of Yeasts. Approved Standard-2nd Edition M27-A2, National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, Wayne, PA, USA]. Among the tested plant species, 45 (25 species) showed antifungal activity against one or more of the test fungi. The most susceptible yeasts were Cryptococcus neoformans, followed by Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis, and Candida parapsilosis. The least susceptible were Candida albicans and Candida glabrata. Strong antifungal activity was exhibited by extracts of Clausena anisata Oliv., Sclerocariya birrea Sond, Turraea holstii Gurk, Sterculia africana (Lour) Fiori, Acacia robusta subsp. Usambarensis (Taub) Brenan, Cyphosterma hildebrandti (Gilg), Desc, Elaeodendron buchannanii (Lows), Acacia nilotica (L.) Wild ex Del, Jatropha multifida L., and Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn.
BibTeX:
@article{Hamza2006,
  author = {Hamza, J. M. Omar and den Beukel, Carolien J. P. van den Bout-van and Matee, Mecky I. N. and Moshi, Mainen J. and Mikx, Frans H. M. and Selemani, Haji O. and Mbwambo, Zakaria H. and der Ven, André J. A. M. Van and Verweij, Paul E.},
  title = {Antifungal activity of some Tanzanian plants used traditionally for the treatment of fungal infections.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {108},
  number = {1},
  pages = {124--132},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2006.04.026},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2006.04.026}
}
      
Haridasan, T. M. Scope of native biofuels in the replacement of diesel 1998 Fuel and Energy Abstracts   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{HaridasanJanuary1998,
  author = {Haridasan, T. M.},
  title = {Scope of native biofuels in the replacement of diesel},
  journal = {Fuel and Energy Abstracts},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {39},
  pages = {37--37},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/01406701/1998/00000039/00000001/art85710''doi}
}
      
Hebbala, O. D., Reddyb, K. & Rajagopalc, K. Performance characteristics of a diesel engine with deccan hemp oil. 2006 Fuel   article DOI  
Abstract: In this present investigation deccan hemp oil, a non-edible vegetable oil is selected for the test on a diesel engine and its suitability as an alternate fuel is examined. The viscosity of deccan hemp oil is reduced first by blending with diesel in 25/75%, 50/50%, 75/25%, 100/0% on volume basis, then analyzed and compared with diesel. Further blends are heated and effect of viscosity on temperature was studied. The performance and emission characteristics of blends are evaluated at variable loads of 0.37, 0.92, 1.48, 2.03, 2.58, 3.13 and 3.68 kW at a constant rated speed of 1500 rpm and results are compared with diesel. The thermal efficiency, brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), and brake specific energy consumption (BSEC) are well comparable with diesel, and emissions are a little higher for 25% and 50% blends. At rated load, smoke, carbon monoxide (CO), and unburnt hydrocarbon (HC) emissions of 50% blend are higher compared with diesel by 51.74%, 71.42% and 33.3%, respectively. For ascertaining the validity of results obtained, pure deccan hemp oil results are compared with results of jatrophanext term and pongamia oil for similar works available in the literature and were well comparable. From investigation it has been established that, up to 25% of blend of deccan hemp oil without heating and up to 50% blend with preheating can be substituted for diesel engine without any engine modification.
BibTeX:
@article{Hebbala2006,
  author = {Hebbala, O. D. and Reddyb, K.Vijayakumar and Rajagopalc, K.},
  title = {Performance characteristics of a diesel engine with deccan hemp oil.},
  journal = {Fuel},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {85},
  number = {14-15},
  pages = {2187-2194},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2006.03.011}
}
      
Heller, J. J. curcas: potential, limitations and future research needs. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Heller1997,
  author = {Heller, J.},
  title = {J. curcas: potential, limitations and future research needs.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {24?-25?}
}
      
Heller, J. Physic nut. Jatropha curcas L. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 1996   book  
BibTeX:
@book{Heller1996,
  author = {Heller, Joachim},
  title = {Physic nut. Jatropha curcas L. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops.},
  publisher = {IPGRI},
  year = {1996},
  note = {ISBN 92-9043-278-0}
}
      
Heller, J. Untersuchungen über genotpische Eigenschaften und Vermehrungs- und Anbauverfahren bei der Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.) 1992   book  
BibTeX:
@book{Heller1992,
  author = {Heller, Joachim},
  title = {Untersuchungen über genotpische Eigenschaften und Vermehrungs- und Anbauverfahren bei der Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.)},
  publisher = {Hamburg : Dr. Kovaci},
  year = {1992},
  note = {ISBN: 386064002X}
}
      
Heller, J. Investigation of the genetic potential and improvement of cultivation and propagation practices of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.). 1991   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Heller1991,
  author = {Heller, J.},
  title = {Investigation of the genetic potential and improvement of cultivation and propagation practices of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.).},
  year = {1991}
}
      
Hemalatha, A. & Radhakrishnaiah, M. Chemosystematics of Jatropha. 1993 Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Hemalatha1993,
  author = {Hemalatha, A. and Radhakrishnaiah, M.},
  title = {Chemosystematics of Jatropha.},
  journal = {Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {17(1):},
  pages = {75-77}
}
      
Hemming, C. F. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. A revision of the Somali species of Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae) 1987 Kew Bull.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Hemming1987,
  author = {Hemming, C. F. and Radcliffe-Smith, A.},
  title = {A revision of the Somali species of Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae)},
  journal = {Kew Bull.},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {42},
  pages = {103-122}
}
      
Henning, K. Fuel production improves food production: the Jatropha project in Mali. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Henning1997,
  author = {Henning, K.},
  title = {Fuel production improves food production: the Jatropha project in Mali.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {92-97}
}
      
Henning, R. The jatropha booklet: a guide to the jatropha system and its dissemination in Zambia 2002   booklet  
BibTeX:
@booklet{Henning2002,
  author = {Henning, Reinhard},
  title = {The jatropha booklet: a guide to the jatropha system and its dissemination in Zambia},
  year = {2002}
}
      
Henning, R. The Jatropha manual. A guide to the integrated exploitation of the Jatropha plant in Zambia. 2000   manual  
BibTeX:
@manual{Henning2000,
  author = {Henning, Reinhard},
  title = {The Jatropha manual. A guide to the integrated exploitation of the Jatropha plant in Zambia.},
  year = {2000}
}
      
Henning, R. & von Mitzlaff, K. Produktion und Nutzung von Purgieröl als Kraftstoff und Rohstoff für die lokale Seifenherstellung im Sahel. 1995 Nachwachsende Rohstoffe aus den Tropen und Subtropen für die Tropen und Subtropen, 22. Witzenhäuser Hochschulwoche   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Henning1995,
  author = {Henning, R. and von Mitzlaff, K.},
  title = {Produktion und Nutzung von Purgieröl als Kraftstoff und Rohstoff für die lokale Seifenherstellung im Sahel.},
  booktitle = {Nachwachsende Rohstoffe aus den Tropen und Subtropen für die Tropen und Subtropen, 22. Witzenhäuser Hochschulwoche},
  year = {1995},
  number = {Beiheft No. 53}
}
      
Henning, R., Sidibe, Y. & Sanankoua, O. Intermediate report of the project: production and use of plant oil as fuel, pn 93 2202.5-01.100 1994   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Henning1994,
  author = {Henning, Reinhard and Sidibe, Yaya and Sanankoua, Oumou},
  title = {Intermediate report of the project: production and use of plant oil as fuel, pn 93 2202.5-01.100},
  year = {1994}
}
      
Henning, R. K. “the jatropha system” – economy & dissemination strategy: integrated rural development by utilisation of Jatropha curcas l. (jcl) as raw material and as renewable energy. 2004   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{Henning2004,
  author = {Henning, Reinhard K.},
  title = {“the jatropha system” – economy \& dissemination strategy: integrated rural development by utilisation of Jatropha curcas l. (jcl) as raw material and as renewable energy.},
  year = {2004},
  note = {Reinhard K. Henning, Rothkreuz 11, D-88138 Weissensberg, Germany Tel: +49 8389 984129, e-mail: henning@bagani.de, see also: www.jatropha.org}
}
      
Henning, R. K. Germination test for Jatropha. 2003   manual  
BibTeX:
@manual{Henning2003,
  author = {Henning, Reinhard K.},
  title = {Germination test for Jatropha.},
  year = {2003}
}
      
Herzberg, E. E. Untersuchungen über das fette öl der samen von Jatropha curcas L. 1930   book  
BibTeX:
@book{Herzberg1930,
  author = {Herzberg, Ernst Eduard},
  title = {Untersuchungen über das fette öl der samen von Jatropha curcas L.},
  year = {1930}
}
      
Hirota, M., Suttajit, M., Suguri, H., Endo, Y., Shudo, K., Wongchai, V., Hecker, E. & Fujiki, H. A new tumor promoter from the seed oil of Jatropha curcas L., an intramolecular diester of 12-deoxy-16-hydroxyphorbol. 1988 Cancer Res   article URL  
Abstract: A new type of phorbol ester, which has a macrocyclic dicarboxylic acid diester structure, was isolated from the seed oil of Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae). Based on the results of spectroscopic analyses of the compound and its chemical degradation products, its structure is proposed to be an intramolecular 13,16-diester of 12-deoxy-16-hydroxyphorbol, 12-deoxy-16-hydroxyphorbol-4'-[12',14'-butadienyl]-6'-[16',18',20' - nonatrienyl]-bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-(13-O)-2'-[carboxylate]-(16-O)-3 '- [8'-butenoic-10']ate (DHPB). DHPB showed slightly weaker biological and biochemical activities than 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). DHPB induced ornithine decarboxylase in mouse skin (2.8 nmol CO2/30 min/mg protein/34 nmol application), inhibited the specific binding of [3H]-12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate to phorbol ester receptors (50 effective dose, 17.0 nM), and activated protein kinase C in vitro (50 effective dose, 36.0 nM). Also, a weak tumor-promoting activity of DHPB was found in a two-stage carcinogenesis experiment on mouse skin. One week after initiation of mice with 100 micrograms of 7,12-dimethyl-benz(a)anthracene, topical application, twice a week, of 2 micrograms of DHPB until week 17, followed by application of 5 microgram of DHPB until week 30 at the same rate, resulted in 46.7 incidence of tumors by week 30. The groups treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene alone or DHPB alone did not produce significant numbers of tumors. These results indicate that the new phorbol ester, DHPB, is a tumor promoter with weaker activity than 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate.
BibTeX:
@article{Hirota1988,
  author = {Hirota, M. and Suttajit, M. and Suguri, H. and Endo, Y. and Shudo, K. and Wongchai, V. and Hecker, E. and Fujiki, H.},
  title = {A new tumor promoter from the seed oil of Jatropha curcas L., an intramolecular diester of 12-deoxy-16-hydroxyphorbol.},
  journal = {Cancer Res},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {48},
  number = {20},
  pages = {5800--5804},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=3167837}
}
      
Holla, K. S., Millwalla, R. H., Shitole, A. D., Rajan, N. S. S. & Sunder-Rajan, N. S. Tallow substitute from ratanjyot oil (Jatropha curcas). 1993 J. Oil Technol. Assoc.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Holla1993,
  author = {Holla, K. S. and Millwalla, R. H. and Shitole, A. D. and Rajan, N. S. S. and Sunder-Rajan, N. S.},
  title = {Tallow substitute from ratanjyot oil (Jatropha curcas).},
  journal = {J. Oil Technol. Assoc.},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {4},
  pages = {75-77}
}
      
Hooda, N. & Rawat, V. Role of Bio-Energy Plantations for Carbon-Dioxide Mitigation with Special Reference to India 2006 Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{HoodaMarch2006,
  author = {Hooda, N. and Rawat, V.},
  title = {Role of Bio-Energy Plantations for Carbon-Dioxide Mitigation with Special Reference to India},
  journal = {Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {11},
  pages = {437--459},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/miti/2006/00000011/00000002/00009008''doi}
}
      
Horiuchi, T., Fujiki, H., Hirota, M., Suttajit, M., Suganuma, M., Yoshioka, A., Wongchai, V., Hecker, E. & Sugimura, T. Presence of tumor promoters in the seed oil of Jatropha curcas L. from Thailand. 1987 Jpn J Cancer Res   article URL  
Abstract: The seed oil of Jatropha curcas L. was shown to contain skin tumor promoters in a two-stage mouse carcinogenesis experiment. By using the irritant test on mouse ear to monitor activity, the "irritant fraction" was partially purified from the methanol extract of the seed oil by column chromatographies on Florisil and Sephadex LH-20. The irritant fraction obtained induced ornithine decarboxylase in mouse skin and inhibited the specific binding of 3H-12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate to a particulate fraction of mouse skin. After initiation with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA), this "irritant fraction" induced tumors in the skin of 36 of the mice tested in 30 weeks. Tumor incidences in the groups treated with DMBA alone and "irritant fraction" alone were 7 and 13 in week 30, respectively. Since the skin of Thai people comes into direct contact with this seed oil, an epidemiological study on human skin cancer in Thailand is indicated.
BibTeX:
@article{Horiuchi1987,
  author = {Horiuchi, T. and Fujiki, H. and Hirota, M. and Suttajit, M. and Suganuma, M. and Yoshioka, A. and Wongchai, V. and Hecker, E. and Sugimura, T.},
  title = {Presence of tumor promoters in the seed oil of Jatropha curcas L. from Thailand.},
  journal = {Jpn J Cancer Res},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {78},
  number = {3},
  pages = {223--226},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=3106278}
}
      
Horsten, S. F., den Berg, A. J. v., den Bosch, J. J. K., Leeflang, B. R. & Labadie, R. P. Cyclogossine A: a novel cyclic heptapeptide isolated from the latex of Jatropha gossypifolia. 1996 Planta Med   article URL  
Abstract: From the latex of Jatropha gossypifolia L. (Euphorbiaceae) a novel cyclic heptapeptide was isolated, which we named cyclogossine A. A combination of amino acid analysis, FAB mass spectrometry, and two dimensional 1H-NMR spectroscopy (TOCSY and ROESY) was used to determine the primary structure. The compound was found to contain one glycine, one alanine, one valine, two leucine, one threonine, and one tryptophan residue; its amino acid sequence is: Leu 1 - Ala 2 - Thr 3 - Trp 4 - Leu 5 - Gly 6 - Val 7. The absolute configurations of the amino acids were determined by chiral gas chromatography; all have the L-configuration.
BibTeX:
@article{Horsten1996,
  author = {Horsten, S. F. and den Berg, A. J. van and den Bosch, J. J. Kettenes-van and Leeflang, B. R. and Labadie, R. P.},
  title = {Cyclogossine A: a novel cyclic heptapeptide isolated from the latex of Jatropha gossypifolia.},
  journal = {Planta Med},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {62},
  number = {1},
  pages = {46--50},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=8720387}
}
      
Ishii, Y. & Takeuchi, R. Transesterified curcas oil blends for farm diesel engines. 1987 Trans. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Ishii1987,
  author = {Ishii, Y. and Takeuchi, R.},
  title = {Transesterified curcas oil blends for farm diesel engines.},
  journal = {Trans. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng.},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {30},
  number = {3},
  pages = {605-609}
}
      
Iwalewa, E. O., Adewunmi, C. O., Omisore, N. O. A., Adebanji, O. A., Azike, C. K., Adigun, A. O., Adesina, O. A. & Olowoyo, O. G. Pro- and antioxidant effects and cytoprotective potentials of nine edible vegetables in southwest Nigeria. 2005 J Med Food   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Antioxidant and cytoprotective activities of boiled, cold, and methanolic extracts of nine edible vegetables in Southwest Nigeria were evaluated in the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical assay and hemagglutination assay in bovine erythrocytes, respectively. Crassocephalum rubens showed the highest antioxidant activity (56.5), Solanum americanum and Vernonia amygdalina exhibited moderate antioxidant activity (26.0-37.5 and 14.8-36.2, respectively), Solanum macrocarpon, Telfaria occidentalis, Amaranthus hybridus, and Jatropha tanjorensis produced weak activity (1.6-15.8, 1.6-7.7, 2.8-6.62, and 10.7-12.1, respectively), while Celosia argentea and Talinum triangulare were pro-oxidants. It was also shown that extracts from all the vegetables are pro-oxidants at high concentrations of either 1 or 5 mg/mL or both. On the other hand, the studies on the cytoprotective effect showed that all the plant extracts demonstrated a very low hemagglutination titer value between 0.32 and 5.56 except S. americanum methanolic extract, which had a titer of 50.0. These results indicated correlation between the antioxidant properties and the hemagglutination values of these plant extracts; however, the membrane stabilizing capacity of the extracts supports the plants' antioxidant activity.
BibTeX:
@article{Iwalewa2005,
  author = {Iwalewa, E. O. and Adewunmi, C. O. and Omisore, N. O. A. and Adebanji, O. A. and Azike, C. K. and Adigun, A. O. and Adesina, O. A. and Olowoyo, O. G.},
  title = {Pro- and antioxidant effects and cytoprotective potentials of nine edible vegetables in southwest Nigeria.},
  journal = {J Med Food},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {8},
  number = {4},
  pages = {539--544},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16379569},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2005.8.539}
}
      
Jadhav, B. B., Khadtar, B. S. & et al. Performance of differently spaced Jatropha curcas under fertilizer management in Konkan region of Maharashtra. 1995 Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Jadhav1995,
  author = {Jadhav, B. B. and Khadtar, B. S. and et al.},
  title = {Performance of differently spaced Jatropha curcas under fertilizer management in Konkan region of Maharashtra.},
  journal = {Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {20},
  number = {1},
  pages = {24-26}
}
      
Jager, A. K. Evaluation of antibacterial activity of traditionally prepared South African remedies for infections 2003 South African Journal of Botany   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Jager1December2003,
  author = {Jager, A. K.},
  title = {Evaluation of antibacterial activity of traditionally prepared South African remedies for infections},
  journal = {South African Journal of Botany},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {69},
  pages = {595--598},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/nisc/sajb/2003/00000069/00000004/art00021}
}
      
Jain, P. P. & Mahajan, S. Jatropha oil: A promising source of edible oil. 1996 Indian Forester   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Jain1996,
  author = {Jain, P. P. and Mahajan, S.},
  title = {Jatropha oil: A promising source of edible oil.},
  journal = {Indian Forester},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {122},
  number = {2},
  pages = {177-180}
}
      
Jakupovic, J., Grenz, M. & Schmeda-Hirschmann, G. Rhamnofolane derivatives from Jatropha grossidentata 1988 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Jakupovic1988,
  author = {Jakupovic, J. and Grenz, M. and Schmeda-Hirschmann, G.},
  title = {Rhamnofolane derivatives from Jatropha grossidentata},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {27},
  number = {9},
  pages = {2997-2998},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-42NHP6B-GJ&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1988&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=103&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=0de25424c742ee8fb278f995922c6cbf}
}
      
Jing, L., Fang, Y., Ying, X., Wenxing, H., Meng, X., Syed, M. N. & Fang, C. Toxic impact of ingested Jatropherol-I on selected enzymatic activities and the ultrastructure of midgut cells in silkworm, Bombyx mori L. 2005 Journal of Applied Entomology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{JingMarch2005,
  author = {Jing, L. and Fang, Y. and Ying, X. and Wenxing, H. and Meng, X. and Syed, M. N. and Fang, C.},
  title = {Toxic impact of ingested Jatropherol-I on selected enzymatic activities and the ultrastructure of midgut cells in silkworm, Bombyx mori L.},
  journal = {Journal of Applied Entomology},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {129},
  pages = {98--104},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/jen/2005/00000129/00000002/art00006''doi}
}
      
Jones, N. & Miller, J. H. Jatropha curcas: a multipurpose species for problematic sites. Land Resources Series No. 1 1992   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Jones1992,
  author = {Jones, N. and Miller, J. H.},
  title = {Jatropha curcas:  a multipurpose species for problematic sites. Land Resources Series No. 1},
  year = {1992}
}
      
Jones, N. & Miller, J. H. Jatropha curcas : a multipurpose species for problematic sites. 1991   book  
BibTeX:
@book{Jones1991,
  author = {Jones, Norman and Miller, Joan H.},
  title = {Jatropha curcas : a multipurpose species for problematic sites.},
  publisher = {World Bank. Asia Technical Dept. Agriculture Division.},
  year = {1991},
  pages = {26}
}
      
Joubert, P. H., Brown, J. M., Hay, I. T. & Sebata, P. D. Acute poisoning with Jatropha curcas (purging nut tree) in children. 1984 S Afr Med J   article URL  
Abstract: During the first 3 months of 1983 8 children were admitted to Ga-Rankuwa Hospital with marked nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea after ingesting the seeds of Jatropha curcas. Five patients needed intravenous rehydration but all made a rapid and uneventful recovery.
BibTeX:
@article{Joubert1984,
  author = {Joubert, P. H. and Brown, J. M. and Hay, I. T. and Sebata, P. D.},
  title = {Acute poisoning with Jatropha curcas (purging nut tree) in children.},
  journal = {S Afr Med J},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {65},
  number = {18},
  pages = {729--730},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=6719304}
}
      
Kandpal, J. B. & Madan, M. Thermal efficiency and particulate pollution estimation of four biomass fuels grown on wasteland. 1996 Energy Sources   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Kandpal1996,
  author = {Kandpal, J. B. and Madan, M.},
  title = {Thermal efficiency and particulate pollution estimation of four biomass fuels grown on wasteland.},
  journal = {Energy Sources},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {18},
  number = {7},
  pages = {767-771}
}
      
Kandpal, J. B. & Madan, M. Jatropha curcus: a renewable source of energy for meeting future energy needs 1995 Renewable Energy   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{KandpalMarch1995,
  author = {Kandpal, J. B. and Madan, M.},
  title = {Jatropha curcus: a renewable source of energy for meeting future energy needs},
  journal = {Renewable Energy},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {6},
  pages = {159--160},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/09601481/1995/00000006/00000002/art00081''doi}
}
      
Kannabiran, B. & Sastry, A. V. V. S. A study on foliar epidermal idioblasts in the tribe Crotoneae (Euphorbiaceae). 1990 Advances In Plant Sciences   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Kannabiran1990,
  author = {Kannabiran, B. and Sastry, A. V. V. S.},
  title = {A study on foliar epidermal idioblasts in the tribe Crotoneae (Euphorbiaceae).},
  journal = {Advances In Plant Sciences},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {3},
  number = {2},
  pages = {251-257}
}
      
Kapur, S. K. & Singh, V. Jatropha curcas Linn.: An unexploited oil bearing plant. ???? Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany   article  
BibTeX:
@article{KapurUNKNOWN,
  author = {Kapur, S. K. and Singh, V.},
  title = {Jatropha curcas Linn.: An unexploited oil bearing plant.},
  journal = {Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany},
  year = {????},
  volume = {19},
  number = {3},
  pages = {550-554}
}
      
Karatela, Y. Y. & Gill, L. S. Leaf epidermal features and stomatogenesis in some ornamental Euphorbiaceae. 1984 Feddes Repertorium   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Karatela1984,
  author = {Karatela, Y. Y. and Gill, L. S.},
  title = {Leaf epidermal features and stomatogenesis in some ornamental Euphorbiaceae.},
  journal = {Feddes Repertorium},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {95},
  number = {9-10},
  pages = {669-674}
}
      
Karmegam, N., Sakthivadivel, M., Anuradha, V. & Daniel, T. Indigenous-plant extracts as larvicidal agents against Culex quinquefasciatus say 1997 Bioresource Technology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{KarmegamFebruary1997,
  author = {Karmegam, N. and Sakthivadivel, M. and Anuradha, V. and Daniel, T.},
  title = {Indigenous-plant extracts as larvicidal agents against Culex quinquefasciatus say},
  journal = {Bioresource Technology},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {59},
  pages = {137--140},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/09608524/1997/00000059/00000002/art00157''doi}
}
      
Kasonia, K. Preliminary screening of plant extracts used in respiratory pathology in Kivu/Zaire on isolated guinea pigs rings trachea. 1995 Belgian Journal of Botany   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Kasonia1995,
  author = {Kasonia, K.},
  title = {Preliminary screening of plant extracts used in respiratory pathology in Kivu/Zaire on isolated guinea pigs rings trachea.},
  journal = {Belgian Journal of Botany},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {128},
  number = {2},
  pages = {165-175}
}
      
Kaul, S., Saxena, R. C., Kumar, A., Negi, M. S., Bhatnagar, A. K., Goyal, H. B. & Gupta, A. K. Corrosion behavior of biodiesel from seed oils of Indian origin on diesel engine parts. 2007 Fuel Processing Technology   article DOI  
Abstract: Environmental factors and depleting reserves of crude oil are becoming the main driving force in the quest for cleaner and alternate fuels. In India, adoption of Euro III and Euro IV equivalent emission norms are under consideration. The Euro III emission norms have already been implemented in 7 mega cities and would be implemented in the rest of the country by the year 2010. This will lead to drastic reduction in sulphur content and increase in cetane number, which in turn will adversely affect the lubricity characteristics of the diesel fuel. However, the use of biodiesel will improve the lubricity and cetane number requirements particularly for ultra low sulphur diesel. Studies for the synthesis and characterization of biodiesel from non-edible oils like Jatrophanext term curcas, Pongamia glabra (Karanja), Madhuca indica (Mahua) and Salvadora oleoides (Pilu) have already been carried out in our laborotary. Corrosion characteristics of biodiesel are important for long term durability of engine parts, and very little information is available on this aspect. The studies were therefore taken up to assess the corrosion of synthesized biodiesel from the above mentioned non-edible oils.

Using long duration static immersion test method corrosion studies on engine parts like piston metal and piston liner were carried out with neat diesel procured from one of the Indian refinery and biodiesel synthesised from these non-edible oils. Biodiesel from Salvadora showed marked corrosion on both metal parts of diesel engine whereas biodiesel from other oils showed little or/no corrosion as compared to neat diesel.

BibTeX:
@article{Savitain2007,
  author = {Kaul, Savita and Saxena, R. C. and Kumar, Ajay and Negi, M. S. and Bhatnagar, A. K. and Goyal, H. B. and Gupta, A. K.},
  title = {Corrosion behavior of biodiesel from seed oils of Indian origin on diesel engine parts.},
  journal = {Fuel Processing Technology},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {in press},
  pages = {in press},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2006.10.011}
}
      
Kaushik, N. Effect of capsule maturity on germination and seedling vigour in Jatropha curcas 2003 Seed Science and Technology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{KaushikJuly2003,
  author = {Kaushik, N.},
  title = {Effect of capsule maturity on germination and seedling vigour in Jatropha curcas},
  journal = {Seed Science and Technology},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {31},
  pages = {449--454},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ista/sst/2003/00000031/00000002/art00021}
}
      
Kavitha, J., Rajasekhar, D. & Subbaraju, G. V. Synthesis of tetradecyl (E)-ferulate, a metabolite of Jatropha gossypifolia. 1999 J Asian Nat Prod Res   article URL  
Abstract: Tetradecyl (E)-ferulate (1) has been synthesized starting from vanillin in four steps with an overall yield of 48.
BibTeX:
@article{Kavitha1999,
  author = {Kavitha,J. and Rajasekhar, D. and Subbaraju, G. V.},
  title = {Synthesis of tetradecyl (E)-ferulate, a metabolite of Jatropha gossypifolia.},
  journal = {J Asian Nat Prod Res},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {51--54},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=11261206}
}
      
Khafagy, S. M., Mohamed, Y. A., Salam, N. A. A. & Mahmoud, Z. F. Phytochemical study of Jatropha curcas. 1977 Planta Med   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Khafagy1977,
  author = {Khafagy,S. M. and Mohamed, Y. A. and Salam, N. A. Abdel and Mahmoud, Z. F.},
  title = {Phytochemical study of Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Planta Med},
  year = {1977},
  volume = {31},
  number = {3},
  pages = {273--277},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=866490}
}
      
Kiefer, J. Die Purgiernuß (Jatropha curcas L.) - Ernteprodukt, Verwendungsalternativen, wirtschaftliche Überlegungen. 1986 School: University Hohenheim, Stuttgart   mastersthesis  
BibTeX:
@mastersthesis{Kiefer1986,
  author = {Kiefer, J.},
  title = {Die Purgiernuß (Jatropha curcas L.) - Ernteprodukt, Verwendungsalternativen, wirtschaftliche Überlegungen.},
  school = {University Hohenheim, Stuttgart},
  year = {1986}
}
      
Klinar, S., Castillo, B. P. & et al. Biological activity of medicinal plants of Ica (Peru). 1995 Fitoterapia   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Klinar1995,
  author = {Klinar, S. and Castillo, B. P. and et al.},
  title = {Biological activity of medicinal plants of Ica (Peru).},
  journal = {Fitoterapia},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {66},
  number = {4},
  pages = {341-345}
}
      
Kobilke, H. Untersuchungen zur Bestandesbegründung von Purgiernuß (Jatropha curcas L.). 1989 School: University Hohenheim, Stuttgart   mastersthesis  
BibTeX:
@mastersthesis{Kobilke1989,
  author = {Kobilke, H.},
  title = {Untersuchungen zur Bestandesbegründung von Purgiernuß (Jatropha curcas L.).},
  school = {University Hohenheim, Stuttgart},
  year = {1989}
}
      
Koltin, D., Uziel, Y., Schneidermann, D., Kotzki, S., Wolach, B. & Fainmesser, P. A case of Jatropha multifida poisoning resembling organophosphate intoxication. 2006 Clin Toxicol (Phila)   article URL  
Abstract: Four siblings presented with vomiting, diarrhea and miosis following ingestion of the plant. This is the first report of miosis as a presenting sign of Jatropha intoxication. The combination of vomiting, diarrhea and miosis resembles the clinical presentation of organophosphate poisoning. This fact warrants the consideration of Jatropha ingestion in the differential diagnosis of organophosphate ingestion. Treatment of Jatropha intoxication is supportive with emphasis on rehydration. Measurement of plasma acetylcholinesterase activity levels, which is normal after Jatropha ingestion and decreased following organophosphate poisoning, may help differentiate between the two.
BibTeX:
@article{Koltin2006,
  author = {Koltin, Dror and Uziel, Yosef and Schneidermann, Dina and Kotzki, Shula and Wolach, Baruch and Fainmesser, Pinchas},
  title = {A case of Jatropha multifida poisoning resembling organophosphate intoxication.},
  journal = {Clin Toxicol (Phila)},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {44},
  number = {3},
  pages = {337--338},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16749556}
}
      
Kone, B. D., Pelissier, Y. & et al. Study of the hemostatic activity of 15 medicinal plants from the traditional pharmacopeia of the Ivory Coast. 1987 Plantes Medicinales Et Phytotherapie   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Kone1987,
  author = {Kone, B. D. and Pelissier, Y. and et al.},
  title = {Study of the hemostatic activity of 15 medicinal plants from the traditional pharmacopeia of the Ivory Coast.},
  journal = {Plantes Medicinales Et Phytotherapie},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {21},
  number = {2},
  pages = {122-130}
}
      
Kong, L. Y. M. Z. D., Shi, J. X. & et al. Chemical constituents from roots of Jatropha curcas. 1996 Acta Botanica Sinica   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Kong1996,
  author = {Kong, L. Y. M. Z. D. and Shi, J. X. and et al.},
  title = {Chemical constituents from roots of Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Acta Botanica Sinica},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {38},
  number = {2},
  pages = {161-166}
}
      
Kosasi, S., t' Hart, L. A., van Dijk, H. & Labadie, R. P. Inhibitory activity of Jatropha multifida latex on classical complement pathway activity in human serum mediated by a calcium-binding proanthocyanidin. 1989 J Ethnopharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: This study isolates and characterizes the anti-complement constituent(s) present in the latex of Jatropha multifida, in an attempt to explain the traditional application of the latex in the treatment of infected wounds. Guided by the inhibition of classical pathway (CP) complement activity in human serum, a polymer was isolated which could be characterized as a proanthocyanidin. The polymer inhibits CP activation of the complement cascade, while alternative pathway (AP) activation is relatively insensitive to the polymer. This is due to the selective depletion of Ca2+, but not Mg2+, from the incubation medium.
BibTeX:
@article{Kosasi1989,
  author = {Kosasi, S. and t' Hart, L. A. and van Dijk, H. and Labadie, R. P.},
  title = {Inhibitory activity of Jatropha multifida latex on classical complement pathway activity in human serum mediated by a calcium-binding proanthocyanidin.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {27},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {81--89},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=2615430}
}
      
Kosasi, S., der Sluis, W. G. v., Boelens, R., t' Hart, L. A. & Labadie, R. P. Labaditin, a novel cyclic decapeptide from the latex of Jatropha multifida L. (Euphorbiaceae) : Isolation and sequence determination by means of two-dimensional NMR 1989 FEBS Letters   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{1989,
  author = {Kosasi, S. and der Sluis, W. G. van and Boelens, R. and t' Hart, L. A. and Labadie, R. P.},
  title = {Labaditin, a novel cyclic decapeptide from the latex of Jatropha multifida L. (Euphorbiaceae) : Isolation and sequence determination by means of two-dimensional NMR},
  journal = {FEBS Letters},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {256},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {91-96},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T36-44YR3G3-P&_user=10&_coverDate=10%2F09%2F1989&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=99&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=4938&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=d959aa42a9a4b32776b7a2f3d61db3e3}
}
      
Kulkarni, M. L., Sreekar, H., Keshavamurthy, K. S. & Shenoy, N. Jatropha curcas - poisoning. 2005 Indian J Pediatr   article URL  
Abstract: Jatropha curcas is common plant found all over India more commonly in the southern parts. Though it is a common cause of accidental poisoning among children in these parts, standard texts rarely cover it. Gastrointestinal manifestations are predominant feature of poisoning with the seeds of Jatropha curcas. Mortality is rare.
BibTeX:
@article{Kulkarni2005,
  author = {Kulkarni, M. L. and Sreekar, H. and Keshavamurthy, K. S. and Shenoy, Nivedita},
  title = {Jatropha curcas - poisoning.},
  journal = {Indian J Pediatr},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {72},
  number = {1},
  pages = {75--76},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15684454}
}
      
Kumar, V. P., Chauhan, N. S., Padh, H. & Rajani, M. Search for antibacterial and antifungal agents from selected Indian medicinal plants. 2006 J Ethnopharmacol   article DOIURL  
Abstract: A series of 61 Indian medicinal plants belonging to 33 different families used in various infectious disorders, were screened for their antimicrobial properties. Screening was carried out at 1000 and 500 microg/ml concentrations by agar dilution method against Bacillus cereus var mycoides, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus subtilis, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Micrococcus luteus, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus faecalis, Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Twenty-eight plant extracts showed activity against at least one of the test organisms used in the screening. On the basis of the results obtained, we conclude that the crude extracts of Dorema ammoniacum, Sphaeranthus indicus, Dracaena cinnabari, Mallotus philippinensis, Jatropha gossypifolia, Aristolochia indica, Lantana camara, Nardostachys jatamansi, Randia dumetorum and Cassia fistula exhibited significant antimicrobial activity and properties that support folkloric use in the treatment of some diseases as broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents. This probably explains the use of these plants by the indigenous people against a number of infections.
BibTeX:
@article{Kumar2006,
  author = {Kumar, V. Prashanth and Chauhan, Neelam S. and Padh, Harish and Rajani, M.},
  title = {Search for antibacterial and antifungal agents from selected Indian medicinal plants.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {107},
  number = {2},
  pages = {182--188},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16678369},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2006.03.013}
}
      
Kutta, S. K. Curcain - a protease isolated from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Kutta1997,
  author = {Kutta, S. K.},
  title = {Curcain - a protease isolated from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {75-81}
}
      
Köhler, I., Jenett-Siems, K., Siems, K., Hernández, M. A., Ibarra, R. A., Berendsohn, W. G., Bienzle, U. & Eich, E. In vitro antiplasmodial investigation of medicinal plants from El Salvador. 2002 Z Naturforsch [C]   article URL  
Abstract: In vitro antiplasmodial activities of extracts from Albizia saman, Fabaceae, Calea tenuifolia (C. zacatechichi), Asteraceae, Hymenaea courbaril, Fabaceae, Jatropha curcas, Euphorbiaceae, Momordica charantia, Cucurbitaceae, and Moringa oleifera, Moringaceae were evaluated. From the lipophilic extract of C tenuifolia five active flavones were obtained. 4',5-Dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavone [genkwanin] and 5-hydroxy-4',7-dimethoxyflavone [apigenin 4',7-dimethylether] exhibited the strongest antiplasmodial activity against a chloroquine-sensitive strain (poW) and a chloroquine-resistant strain (Dd2) of Plasmodium falciparum [IC50 values: 17.1-28.5 microM). Furthermore octadeca-9,12-dienoic acid [linoleic acid] [IC50] values of 21.8 microM (poW) and 31.1 microM (Dd2)] and octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid (alpha-linolenic acid) were isolated.
BibTeX:
@article{Koehler2002,
  author = {Köhler, Inga and Jenett-Siems, Kristina and Siems, Karsten and Hernández, Marco Antonio and Ibarra,Ricardo A. and Berendsohn, Walter G. and Bienzle, Ulrich and Eich, Eckart},
  title = {In vitro antiplasmodial investigation of medicinal plants from El Salvador.},
  journal = {Z Naturforsch [C]},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {57},
  number = {3-4},
  pages = {277--281},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12064726}
}
      
Labadie, R. P., der Nat, J. M. v., Simons, J. M., Kroes, B. H., Kosasi, S., den Berg, A. J. v., t' Hart, L. A., der Sluis, W. G. v., Abeysekera, A. & Bamunuarachchi, A. An ethnopharmacognostic approach to the search for immunomodulators of plant origin. 1989 Planta Med   article URL  
Abstract: The search for immunomodulating plant constituents through basic and field inquiries into the literature and practices of traditional Indian medicine is treated. The strategy of data collecting proceeds through aspects of an ethnobotanical, an ethnopharmaceutical, an ethnopharmacological, and an ethnomedical nature. In the experimental immunopharmacognostic phase, immunomodulatory compounds are isolated and purified through action-guided fractionation procedures. The results described here refer to activities found on human complement activation and on PMN leucocytes activation. The immunomodulating plant compounds included in this report were isolated from Azadirachta indica bark, Woodfordia fructicosa flowers, Picrorhiza kurroa roots, and Jatropha multifida latex.
BibTeX:
@article{Labadie1989,
  author = {Labadie, R. P. and der Nat, J. M. van and Simons, J. M. and Kroes, B. H. and Kosasi, S. and den Berg, A. J. van and t' Hart, L. A. and der Sluis, W. G. van and Abeysekera, A. and Bamunuarachchi, A.},
  title = {An ethnopharmacognostic approach to the search for immunomodulators of plant origin.},
  journal = {Planta Med},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {55},
  number = {4},
  pages = {339--348},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=2682699}
}
      
Lans, C. Comparison of plants used for skin and stomach problems in Trinidad and Tobago with Asian ethnomedicine. 2007 J Ethnobiol Ethnomedicine   article DOIURL  
Abstract: ABSTRACT: This paper provides a preliminary evaluation of fifty-eight ethnomedicinal plants used in Trinidad and Tobago for skin problems, stomach problems, pain and internal parasites for safety and possible efficacy. Thirty respondents, ten of whom were male were interviewed from September 1996 to September 2000 on medicinal plant use for health problems. The respondents were obtained by snowball sampling, and were found in thirteen different sites, 12 in Trinidad and one in Tobago. The uses are compared to those current in Asia. Bambusa vulgaris, Bidens alba, Jatropha curcas, Neurolaena lobata, Peperomia rotundifolia and Phyllanthus urinaria are possibly efficacous for stomach problems, pain and internal parasites. Further scientific study of these plants is warranted.
BibTeX:
@article{Lans2007,
  author = {Lans, Cheryl},
  title = {Comparison of plants used for skin and stomach problems in Trinidad and Tobago with Asian ethnomedicine.},
  journal = {J Ethnobiol Ethnomedicine},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {3},
  pages = {3},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-3-3},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-3-3}
}
      
Lans, C., Harper, T., Georges, K. & Bridgewater, E. Medicinal and ethnoveterinary remedies of hunters in Trinidad. 2001 BMC Complement Altern Med   article URL  
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Ethnomedicines are used by hunters for themselves and their hunting dogs in Trinidad. Plants are used for snakebites, scorpion stings, for injuries and mange of dogs and to facilitate hunting success. RESULTS: Plants used include Piper hispidum, Pithecelobium unguis-cati, Bauhinia excisa, Bauhinia cumanensis, Cecropia peltata, Aframomum melegueta, Aristolochia rugosa, Aristolochia trilobata, Jatropha curcas, Jatropha gossypifolia, Nicotiana tabacum, Vernonia scorpioides, Petiveria alliacea, Renealmia alpinia, Justicia secunda, Phyllanthus urinaria,Phyllanthus niruri,Momordica charantia, Xiphidium caeruleum, Ottonia ovata, Lepianthes peltata, Capsicum frutescens, Costus scaber, Dendropanax arboreus, Siparuma guianensis, Syngonium podophyllum, Monstera dubia, Solanum species, Eclipta prostrata, Spiranthes acaulis, Croton gossypifolius, Barleria lupulina, Cola nitida, Acrocomia ierensis (tentative ID). CONCLUSION: Plant use is based on odour, and plant morphological characteristics and is embedded in a complex cultural context based on indigenous Amerindian beliefs. It is suggested that the medicinal plants exerted a physiological action on the hunter or his dog. Some of the plants mentioned contain chemicals that may explain the ethnomedicinal and ethnoveterinary use. For instance some of the plants influence the immune system or are effective against internal and external parasites. Plant baths may contribute to the health and well being of the hunting dogs.
BibTeX:
@article{Lans2001,
  author = {Lans, C. and Harper, T. and Georges, K. and Bridgewater, E.},
  title = {Medicinal and ethnoveterinary remedies of hunters in Trinidad.},
  journal = {BMC Complement Altern Med},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {1},
  pages = {10},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=11737880}
}
      
Levin, Y., Sherer, Y., Bibi, H., Schlesinger, M. & Hay, E. Rare Jatropha multifida intoxication in two children. 2000 J Emerg Med   article URL  
Abstract: Two children were admitted to the Emergency Department (ED) after ingesting a large amount of fruit of a plant identified as Jatropha multifida. They were mildly obtunded, had intractable vomiting, and seemed dehydrated. Intravenous fluid replacement and urine alkalinization were initiated. After stabilization, their 5-day hospital stays were uneventful except for a subclinical rise of liver enzymes. Jatropha species contain the toxalbumin ricin, which causes severe vomiting and diarrhea, dehydration, shock, and renal and hepatic impairment. Ricin also has cardiotoxic and hemolytic effects and several deaths have been documented. Children are attracted by the shape and the color of the Jatropha fruits. Mortality can be prevented by immediate fluid and electrolyte replacement.
BibTeX:
@article{Levin2000,
  author = {Levin, Y. and Sherer, Y. and Bibi, H. and Schlesinger, M. and Hay, E.},
  title = {Rare Jatropha multifida intoxication in two children.},
  journal = {J Emerg Med},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {19},
  number = {2},
  pages = {173--175},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=10903468}
}
      
Li, M. R., Li, H. Q. & Wu, G. J. [Study on factors influencing Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Jatropha curcas] 2006 Fen Zi Xi Bao Sheng Wu Xue Bao   article URL  
Abstract: Susceptibility of explants to antibiotics and the transient expression of beta-glucuronidase (GUS) gene were studied to determine the optimal conditions for gene transformation of Jatropha curcas mediated by Agrobacterium Tumefaciens. The results showed that Jatropha curcas was insensitive to the antibiotic cefotaxime, which is used for suppressing the growth of Agrobacterium after cocultivation, while the plant was sensitive to kanamycin, hygromycin, phoshpinothrincin. All the three selective reagents synchronously suppressed the induction and the growth of callus, shoot organogenesis in a dose-dependent manner. The types of explants and the physiological state of the explants had strong influence on the transient expression efficiency of GUS. Hypocotyl, cotyledon petiole and cotyledon from 14-day-old seedling were more susceptible to Agrobacterium infection. Hygromycin-resistance calli from cotyledon explants were obtained and showed GUS staining.
BibTeX:
@article{Li2006,
  author = {Li, Mei Ru and Li, Hong Qing and Wu, Guo Jiang},
  title = {[Study on factors influencing Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Jatropha curcas]},
  journal = {Fen Zi Xi Bao Sheng Wu Xue Bao},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {39},
  number = {1},
  pages = {83--89},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16944577}
}
      
Liberalino, A. A. A., Bambirra, E. A. & et al. Jatropha curcas L. seeds: Chemical analysis and toxicity. 1988 Arquivos De Biologia E Tecnologia   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Liberalino1988,
  author = {Liberalino, A. A. A. and Bambirra, E. A. and et al.},
  title = {Jatropha curcas L. seeds: Chemical analysis and toxicity.},
  journal = {Arquivos De Biologia E Tecnologia},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {31},
  number = {4},
  pages = {539-550}
}
      
de Lima, M. R. F., Luna, J. d. S., dos Santos, A. F., de Andrade, M. C. C., Sant'Ana, A. E. G., Genet, J., Marquez, B., Neuville, L. & Moreau, N. Anti-bacterial activity of some Brazilian medicinal plants. 2006 J Ethnopharmacol   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Extracts from various organs of 25 plants of Brazilian traditional medicine were assayed with respect to their anti-bacterial activities against Escherichia coli, a susceptible strain of Staphylococcus aureus and two resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus harbouring the efflux pumps NorA and MsrA. Amongst the 49 extracts studied, 14 presented anti-bacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, including the ethanolic extracts from the rhizome of Jatropha elliptica, from the stem barks of Schinus terebinthifolius and Erythrina mulungu, from the stems and leaves of Caesalpinia pyramidalis and Serjania lethalis, and from the stem bark and leaves of Lafoensia pacari. The classes of compounds present in the active extracts were determined as a preliminary step towards their bioactivity-guided separation. No extracts were active against Escherichia coli.
BibTeX:
@article{Lima2006,
  author = {de Lima, Maria Raquel Ferreira and Luna, Josiane de Souza and dos Santos, Aldenir Feitosa and de Andrade, Maria Cristina Caño and Sant'Ana, Antônio Euzébio Goulart and Genet, Jean-Pierre and Marquez, Béatrice and Neuville, Luc and Moreau, Nicole},
  title = {Anti-bacterial activity of some Brazilian medicinal plants.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {105},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {137--147},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16356672},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.10.026}
}
      
Lin, J., Chen, Y., Xu, Y., Yan, F., Tang, L. & Chen, F. Cloning and Expression of Curcin, a Ribosome-Inactivating Protein from the Seeds of Jatropha curcas 2003 Acta Botanica Sinica   article URL  
Abstract: Curcin, a ribosome-inactivating protein with a molecular weight of about 28.2 kD, which strongly inhibits the protein synthesis in rabbit reticulocyte lysate system with an IC50 value of about (0.19±0.01) nmol/L, was purified from the seeds of Jatropha curcas L. The protein has the activity of rRNA N-glycosidase. Degenerate primers were designed based on the N-terminal partial sequence from purified curcin. The full-length curcin cDNA by RT-PCR and 5''-RACE was cloned. The deduced amino acids sequence indicates that a preprotein with 293 amino acid residues is first translated and then processed to a mature protein with 251 amino acids. The deduced amino acids sequence shares homology of 33% and 57% to those of typeⅠribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) and A chain of typeⅡRIPs, respectively. The sequence encoding mature curcin was integrated into the pQE-30 vector for expression in Escherichia coil strain M15 (pREP4). The purified recombinant curcin was able to inhibit protein synthesis in rabbit reticulocyte lysate system.
BibTeX:
@article{Lin2003b,
  author = {Lin, Juan and Chen, Yu and Xu, Ying and Yan, Fang and Tang, Lin and Chen, Fang},
  title = {Cloning and Expression of Curcin, a Ribosome-Inactivating Protein from the Seeds of Jatropha curcas},
  journal = {Acta Botanica Sinica},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {45},
  number = {7},
  pages = {858-863},
  url = {http://www.bioline.org.br/request?as03015}
}
      
Lin, J., Li, Y., Zhou, X., Tang, K. & Chen, F. Cloning and characterization of a curcin gene encoding a ribosome inactivating protein from Jatropha curcas. 2003 DNA Seq   article URL  
Abstract: A curcin gene was isolated by using genomic walker technology and revealed to encode the type-1 ribosome inactivating proteins (RIPs). Analysis of 1802 bp segments revealed the gene including a 694 bp 5' flanking region, a 882 bp open read frame (ORF) and a 226 bp 3' flanking region. There are one putative TATA boxes and two possible CAAT box lie in the 5'-flanking region. The ORF encodes a 32 kDa precursor, which contains a 42 amino acid signal peptide. Two possible polyadenylation signals are found in the 3'-flanking region. No introns were found, which is typical of other RIPs gene that has been sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequence of Curcin gene coding region shares high homology with RIPs, e.g. ricin A-chain, gelonin, abrin A-chain, bryodin, trichosanthin and momorcharin, which were found to be 34 (99/287), 34 (98/287), 37 (89/240), 34 (86/249), 36 (87/241) and 36 (88/241), respectively. The cloning of the gene is important foundation to further study the structure, expression and regulation mechanism.
BibTeX:
@article{Lin2003,
  author = {Lin, Juan and Li, Yun-Xiang and Zhou, Xuan-We and Tang, Ke-Xuan and Chen, Fang},
  title = {Cloning and characterization of a curcin gene encoding a ribosome inactivating protein from Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {DNA Seq},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {14},
  number = {4},
  pages = {311--317},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=14640075}
}
      
Lin, J., Yan, F., Tang, L. & Chen, F. Antitumor effects of curcin from seeds of Jatropha curcas. 2003 Acta Pharmacol Sin   article URL  
Abstract: AIM: To study the antitumor effects of curcin from Jatropha curcas. METHODS: Antitumor activity of curcin was tested by MTT assay. The N-glycosidase activity of curcin was determined by characterization of R-fragment in gel. A cell-free system, rabbit reticulocyte lysate, was introduced to quantify the inhibitory activity of curcin on protein biosynthesis. RESULTS: The curcin had a powerful inhibitory action upon protein synthesis in reticulocyte lysate with an IC50 (95 confidence limits) value of 0.19 (0.11-0.27) nmol/L. The IC50 (95 confidence limits) of curcin on SGC-7901, Sp2/0, and human hepatoma was 0.23 (0.15-0.32) mg/L, 0.66 (0.35-0.97) mg/L, 3.16 (2.74-3.58) mg/L, respectively. Curcin was found to have no toxic to Hela cells and normal cells (MRC). After the rRNA of ribosome was treated with curcin and aniline at acidic condition, a cleaved R-fragment of approximately 450 nt appeared, but this fragment did not occur after treatment with curcin only. A comparison of the amino acid sequences of curcin, ricin A-chain and trichosanthin revealed that there were relatively high similarities among them. The percentages of homology between curcin and ricin A chain, between curcin and trichosanthin were found to be 54 and 57 respectively. Especially, the conserved residues forming the active sites of the A chain of ricin and trichosanthin occurred in curcin. CONCLUSION: Curcin has an obvious antitumor effect and its mechanisms are related to the N-glycosidase activity.
BibTeX:
@article{Lin2003a,
  author = {Lin, Juan and Yan, Fang and Tang, Lin and Chen, Fang},
  title = {Antitumor effects of curcin from seeds of Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Acta Pharmacol Sin},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {24},
  number = {3},
  pages = {241--246},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12617773}
}
      
Linnaeus, C. Species plantarum 1753   inbook  
BibTeX:
@inbook{Linnaeus1753,
  author = {Linnaeus, C.},
  title = {Species plantarum},
  publisher = {Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm},
  year = {1753},
  pages = {1006-1007}
}
      
Lippmann, A. Zwei Fälle von schwerer Vergiftung durch Curcasnüsse. 1913 Medizinische Klinik   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Lippmann1913,
  author = {Lippmann, A.},
  title = {Zwei Fälle von schwerer Vergiftung durch Curcasnüsse.},
  journal = {Medizinische Klinik},
  year = {1913},
  volume = {13},
  pages = {500-501}
}
      
Liu, L. G., Meng, J. C., Wu, S. X., Li, X. Y., Zhao, X. C. & Tan, R. X. New macrocyclic diterpenoids from Euphorbia esula. 2002 Planta Med   article DOIURL  
Abstract: The structures of two new macrocyclic jatrophane diterpenoid esters from the whole herb of Euphorbia esula, were established as 11,14-epoxy-3beta,5alpha,7beta,8alpha,9alpha,15beta-hexaacetoxy-12-oxo-13alphaH-jatropha-6(17)-ene (1) and 1alpha,3beta-diacetoxy-5alpha,7beta-dibenzoyloxy-9,14-dioxo-11beta,12alpha-epoxy-2alpha,8alpha,15beta-trihydroxy-13betaH-jatropha-6(17)-ene (2) by a combination of 1D- and 2D-NMR techniques as well as UV, IR and mass spectral data. Bioassay evaluation of all isolates against the human tumor cell lines (B16, KB, SMMC and BGC) indicated that ester 2 was cytotoxic to B16 with the IC50 value being 1.81 microg/ml. In addition, the irritant activity assay indicated that both diterpenoids were inactive (ID(24)50 > 100 microg/ear).
BibTeX:
@article{Liu2002,
  author = {Liu, L. G. and Meng, J. C. and Wu, S. X. and Li, X. Y. and Zhao, X. C. and Tan, R. X.},
  title = {New macrocyclic diterpenoids from Euphorbia esula.},
  journal = {Planta Med},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {68},
  number = {3},
  pages = {244--248},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=11914962},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2002-23135}
}
      
Liu, S. Y., Sporer, F., Wink, M., Jourdane, J., Henning, R., Li, Y. L. & Ruppel, A. Anthraquinones in Rheum palmatum and Rumex dentatus (Polygonaceae), and phorbol esters in Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae) with molluscicidal activity against the schistosome vector snails Oncomelania, Biomphalaria and Bulinus. 1997 Trop Med Int Health   article URL  
Abstract: Hot water extracts of Rheum plamatum and Rheum dentatus (from China) showed molluscicidal activity against the snails Oncomelania hupensis, Biomphalaria glabrata and Bulinus globosus, which are vectors of Schistosoma japonicum, S. mansoni and S. haematobium, respectively. Activity was correlated with antraquinones which were identified by HPLC: rhein and chrysophanol-anthron were most active (> 50 dead snails after 2 days in a 0.03 solution). Molluscicidal activity was intermediate with Rheum-emodin and physcion and was not detectable with cinnamic acid or Aloe-emodin. The snail O. hupensis tended to be more sensitive for several compounds than B. glabrata. Extracts of Jatropha curcas seeds (from Mali) showed molluscicidal activity against both B. glabrata and O. hupensis, the latter being the more sensitive snail. The activity was associated with phorbol esters extracted from Jatropha oil. Of the pure phorbol esters tested, 4 beta-phorbol-13-decanoate killed both snail species at a concentration of 0.001 (10 p.p.m). As Jatropha is locally grown in Mali for other purposes, it might potentially be exploited for schistosomiasis control.
BibTeX:
@article{Liu1997,
  author = {Liu,S. Y. and Sporer, F. and Wink, M. and Jourdane, J. and Henning, R. and Li, Y. L. and Ruppel, A.},
  title = {Anthraquinones in Rheum palmatum and Rumex dentatus (Polygonaceae), and phorbol esters in Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae) with molluscicidal activity against the schistosome vector snails Oncomelania, Biomphalaria and Bulinus.},
  journal = {Trop Med Int Health},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {2},
  number = {2},
  pages = {179--188},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/tmih/1997/00000002/00000002/art00009''doi}
}
      
Luo, M., Yang, X., Liu, W., Xu, Y., Huang, P., Yan, F. & Chen, F. Expression, purification and anti-tumor activity of curcin. 2006 Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai)   article URL  
Abstract: Curcin, purified from the seeds of Jatropha curcas, can be used as a cell-killing agent. Understanding the anti-tumor activity of the recombinant protein of curcin is important for its application in clinical medicine. The segment encoding the mature protein of curcin was inserted into Escherichia coli strain M15, and the recombinant strain was induced to express by isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside at a concentration of 0.5 mM. The recombinant protein was expressed in the form of inclusion bodies and purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. The target protein was incubated with the tumor cells at different concentrations for different times and the results demonstrated that the target protein could inhibit the growth of tumor cells (NCL-H446, SGC-7901 and S180) at 5 microg/ml.
BibTeX:
@article{Luo2006,
  author = {Luo,Meng-Jun and Yang, Xin-Yu and Liu, Wei-Xin and Xu, Ying and Huang, Ping and Yan, Fang and Chen, Fang},
  title = {Expression, purification and anti-tumor activity of curcin.},
  journal = {Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai)},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {38},
  number = {9},
  pages = {663--668},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/abbs/2006/00000038/00000009/art00010''doi}
}
      
López, O., Foidl, G. & Foidl, N. Production of biogas from J. curcas fruitshells. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Lopez1997,
  author = {López, O. and Foidl, G. and Foidl, N.},
  title = {Production of biogas from J. curcas fruitshells.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {118-122}
}
      
Machado, A. d. C., Kremen, N. S., Katinger, H. & Machado, M. L. d. C. Biotechnological approaches to the improvement of J. curcas. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Machado1997,
  author = {Machado, A. da Câmara and Kremen, N. S. and Katinger, H. and Machado, M. Laimer da Câmara},
  title = {Biotechnological approaches to the improvement of J. curcas.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {22-27}
}
      
Maia, J. M. A., Czeczko, N. G., Filho, J. M. R., Dietz, U. A., Duck, D., Ribas, C. A. P. M., dos Santos, E. A., Baptistella, E., Wallbach, T. Z., Vale, J. d. R. & Yagushita, N. [Healing process in bladder suture of rats with and without the administration of intraperitoneal Jatropha gossypiifolia L. gross extract.] 2006 Acta Cir Bras   article URL  
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The suture of tissues and their healing process is one of the basic fundamentals of surgery, and the research on substances which could improve the process is an ongoing challenge. The use of plants has been tested but till nowadays without scientific demonstration. PURPOSE: To compare the macroscopic and histological alterations done by the use of intraperitoneal Jatropha gossypiifolia L. gross extract, in the healing process of sutures performed on the bladder of rats. METHODS: Forty adult, male, Wister rats were distributed into two animal groups. One centimeter longitudinal incision on the bladder ventral wall, and single plane synthesis with separated polyglactine 910 5-0 (Ethicon) stitches was done in all the animals. In the control group an intraperitoneal cavity instillation of distilled water at a ratio of 1ml/kg/weight, and a 1ml/kg/weight of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. extract for the Jatropha group was done representing 200 mg of the substance. Each group was subdivided into two with 10 animals in each, being submitted to euthanasia on 3th and 7th post-operative days. Comparative histological, macroscopic and statistical analysis were undertaken between the subgroups. RESULTS: Statistical significant difference was observed in the acute inflammation changes, vascular neoformation and bonding on day 3; the first one was greater in the control group, and the latter two greater in the Jatropha group; acute inflammation variables and fibroblastic proliferation presented to be more intense on day 7, with statistical significance favoring the control group. CONCLUSION: No favorable healing effect was observed with the administration of single intraperitoneal dose of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. gross extract on the sutures of bladder in rats.
BibTeX:
@article{Maia2006,
  author = {Maia, José Maria Ayres and Czeczko, Nicolau Gregori and Filho, Jurandir Marcondes Ribas and Dietz, Ulrich Andreas and Duck, Danielle and Ribas, Carmen Australia Paredes Marcondes and dos Santos, Eduardo Andrade and Baptistella, Eduardo and Wallbach, Tatiana Zacharow and Vale, José de Ribamar and Yagushita, Nelson},
  title = {[Healing process in bladder suture of rats with and without the administration of intraperitoneal Jatropha gossypiifolia L. gross extract.]},
  journal = {Acta Cir Bras},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {21},
  number = {suppl 2},
  pages = {21--28},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17117274}
}
      
Makkar, H. P. & Becker, K. Nutritional studies on rats and fish (carp Cyprinus carpio) fed diets containing unheated and heated Jatropha curcas meal of a non-toxic provenance. 1999 Plant Foods Hum Nutr   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Unheated and heated (121 degrees C, 66 moisture; 15, 30 and 45 min) Jatropha meals of non-toxic provenance from Veracruz state in Mexico were evaluated using rats and fish. With rats, the weight gain was highest for the casein diet followed by heated (30 min; only this treatment was studied using rats) and unheated Jatropha meal containing diets. The protein efficiency ratio (PER) for unheated and heated Jatropha meal containing diets was 37 and 86, respectively, of the casein diet. On the other hand, the body weight gain, PER and feed conversion ratio of fish were statistically similar for unheated and heated (15, 30 and 45 min) Jatropha meal containing diets fed for a period of 35 days. Although these parameters were statistically similar for the unheated and heated Jatropha meal containing diets, the body weight gain, PER and protein productive value were highest and the feed conversion ratio lowest with 15 min heated Jatropha meal, suggesting that the heat treatment for 15 min is optimal for the meal. Trypsin inhibitor and lectin activities decreased drastically (>83 and 99, respectively) after 30 and 45 min of heat treatment and after 15 min, the residual lectin activity was negligible and the residual trypsin inhibitor activity was 34. These results, together with the nutritional parameters investigated, imply that Jatropha trypsin inhibitors and lectins do not have any adverse effects on carp at least up to 35 days of feeding. The nutritional value of Jatropha meal of the non-toxic provenance is high, and potential exists for its incorporation into the diets of monogastrics, fish and possibly humans.
BibTeX:
@article{Makkar1999,
  author = {Makkar, H. P. and Becker, K.},
  title = {Nutritional studies on rats and fish (carp Cyprinus carpio) fed diets containing unheated and heated Jatropha curcas meal of a non-toxic provenance.},
  journal = {Plant Foods Hum Nutr},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {53},
  number = {3},
  pages = {183--192},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=10517277},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1008087627894}
}
      
Makkar, H. P., Becker, K. & Schmook, B. Edible provenances of Jatropha curcas from Quintana Roo state of Mexico and effect of roasting on antinutrient and toxic factors in seeds. 1998 Plant Foods Hum Nutr   article URL  
Abstract: Seven seed samples of J. curcas, both in raw and roasted state, sold in some villages in Quintana Roo state, Mexico for human consumption were analyzed for physical characteristics, nutrients and antinutrients. The average seed weight varied from 0.53 to 0.74 g and kernel weight as proportion of raw seed weight was from 61 to 66. The contents of crude protein, lipid and ash of kernels from raw seeds were 27-30, 55-62 and 3.7-5.2 respectively. The levels of antinutrients in meal from the raw seeds were: trypsin inhibitor activity (14.6-28.7 mg trypsin inhibited/g), lectin (25.6-52.2 unit; one unit is the reverse of minimum amount of mg meal/ml assay which produced haemagglutination), saponins (1.9-2.3 as diosgenin equivalent) and phytate (8.4-10). Phorbol esters in kernels from raw seeds were not detected in four samples and in other three samples it ranged from 0.01 to 0.02 mg/g as phorbol-12-myristate 13-acetate equivalent. Roasting of seeds inactivated almost 100 of trypsin inhibitor activity. Although lectin activity reduced on roasting, it was still present in high amounts. Saponins, phytate and phorbol esters were not affected by roasting.
BibTeX:
@article{Makkar1998,
  author = {Makkar, H. P. and Becker, K. and Schmook, B.},
  title = {Edible provenances of Jatropha curcas from Quintana Roo state of Mexico and effect of roasting on antinutrient and toxic factors in seeds.},
  journal = {Plant Foods Hum Nutr},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {52},
  number = {1},
  pages = {31--36},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=9839832}
}
      
Makkar, H. P. S., Aderibigbe, A. O. & Becker, K. Comparative evaluation of non-toxic and toxic varieties of Jatropha curcas for chemical composition, digestibility, protein degradability and toxic factors 1998 Food Chemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{MakkarJune1998,
  author = {Makkar, H. P. S. and Aderibigbe, A. O. and Becker, K.},
  title = {Comparative evaluation of non-toxic and toxic varieties of Jatropha curcas for chemical composition, digestibility, protein degradability and toxic factors},
  journal = {Food Chemistry},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {62},
  pages = {207--215},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03088146/1998/00000062/00000002/art00183''doi}
}
      
Makkar, H. P. S. & Becker, K. Plant toxins and detoxification methods to improve feed quality of tropical seeds. 1999 Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Makkar1999a,
  author = {Makkar, H. P. S. and Becker, K.},
  title = {Plant toxins and detoxification methods to improve feed quality of tropical seeds.},
  journal = {Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {12},
  number = {3},
  pages = {467-480}
}
      
Makkar, H. P. S. & Becker, K. Potential of J. curcas seed meal as a protein supplement to livestock feed, constraints to its utilisation and possible strategies to overcome constraints. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Makkar1997a,
  author = {Makkar, H. P. S. and Becker, K.},
  title = {Potential of J. curcas seed meal as a protein supplement to livestock feed, constraints to its utilisation and possible strategies to overcome constraints.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {190-199}
}
      
Makkar, H. P. S., Becker, K., Sporer, F. & Wink, M. Studies on Nutritive Potential and Toxic Constituents of Different Provenances of Jatropha curcas 1997 J. Agric. Food. Chem.   article URL  
Abstract: Abstract: Eighteen different provenances of Jatropha curcas from countries in West and East Africa, North and Central America, and Asia were characterized for nutrient and antinutritional factors. The mean weight of the 18 seed provenances was 0.64 ± 0.10 g (mean ± sd). The kernel forms a large proportion of the seed and accounts for 61.3% ± 3.1%. There were large variations in the contents of CP (19-31%; 26.0% ± 3.2%), lipid (43-59%; 53.0% ± 4.8%), neutral detergent fiber (3.5-6.1%; 5.0% ± 0.87%), and ash (3.4-5.0%; 4.2% ± 0.52%) in kernels. The gross energy of kernels was relatively similar (28.5-31.2 MJ/kg; 30.1 ± 0.80 MJ/kg). Trypsin inhibitor activity in the defatted kernels (meal) varied from 18.4-27.5 mg of trypsin inhibited/g. Similarly a wide variation was observed for saponins (1.8%-3.4% as diosgenin equivalent), phytate (6.2%-10.1% as phytic acid equivalent), and lectin activity, inverse of minimum amount of the sample in milligrams per milliliter of the assay which produced agglutination (0.85-6.85 using a latex agglutination test and 51.3-204 using a hemagglutination assay) in the meals. Tannins, amylase inhibitor, glucosinolates, and cyanogens were not detected in any of the meals. Phorbol esters were not detected in the seeds collected in Papantla, Mexico, whereas the level of phorbol esters in the remaining 17 provenances ranged from 0.87 to 3.32 mg/g of kernel. Keywords: Jatropha curcas; physic nut; nutrients; trypsin inhibitor; lectins; phorbol esters; phytate
BibTeX:
@article{Makkar1997,
  author = {Makkar, H. P. S. and Becker, K. and Sporer, F. and Wink, M.},
  title = {Studies on Nutritive Potential and Toxic Constituents of Different Provenances of Jatropha curcas},
  journal = {J. Agric. Food. Chem.},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {45},
  number = {8},
  pages = {3152 - 3157},
  note = {Institute for Animal Production in the Tropics and Subtropics (480), University of Hohenheim, D-70593 Stuttgart, Germany, and Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie, Im Neuenheimer Feld 364, Universität Heidelberg, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany},
  url = {http://pubs3.acs.org/acs/journals/doilookup?in_doi=10.1021/jf970036j}
}
      
Mal, B., Joshi, V. & et al. Potential under-utilized oil yielding plants for exploitation in India. UNKNOWN Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany   article  
BibTeX:
@article{MalUNKNOWN,
  author = {Mal, B. and Joshi, V. and et al.},
  title = {Potential under-utilized oil yielding plants for exploitation in India.},
  journal = {Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany},
  year = {UNKNOWN},
  volume = {19},
  number = {3},
  pages = {533-539}
}
      
Marquez, B., Neuville, L., Moreau, N. J., Genet, J., dos Santos, A. F., de Andrade, M. C. C. & Sant'Ana, A. E. G. Multidrug resistance reversal agent from Jatropha elliptica. 2005 Phytochemistry   article DOIURL  
Abstract: As part of an ongoing project to identify plant natural products as resistance-modifying agents, bioassay-guided fractionation of an extract of Jatropha elliptica (Pohl) Muell Arg. led to the isolation of a penta-substituted pyridine, namely 2,6-dimethyl-4-phenyl-pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid diethyl ester (8). The structure was established by spectroscopic methods. This known compound was assayed for in vitro antibacterial and resistance-modifying activities against strains of Staphylococcus aureus possessing the MsrA and NorA resistance efflux mechanisms. Antibiotic efflux studies indicated that (8) acts as an inhibitor of the NorA efflux pump and restores the level of intracellular drug concentration.
BibTeX:
@article{Marquez2005,
  author = {Marquez, Béatrice and Neuville, Luc and Moreau, Nicole J. and Genet, Jean-Pierre and dos Santos, Aldenir Feitosa and de Andrade, Maria Cristina Caño and Sant'Ana, Antônio Euzébio Goulart},
  title = {Multidrug resistance reversal agent from Jatropha elliptica.},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {66},
  number = {15},
  pages = {1804--1811},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.06.008},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.06.008}
}
      
Marroquin, E. A., Blanco, J. A. & et al. Clinical trial of Jatropha curcas sap in the treatment of common warts. 1997 Fitoterapia   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Marroquin1997,
  author = {Marroquin, E. A. and Blanco, J. A. and et al.},
  title = {Clinical trial of Jatropha curcas sap in the treatment of common warts.},
  journal = {Fitoterapia},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {68},
  number = {2},
  pages = {160-162}
}
      
Martin, G. & Mayeux, A. Reflections on oil crops as sources of energy: 2. Curcas oil (Jatropha curcas): A possible fuel. 1984 Oleagineux   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Martin1984,
  author = {Martin, G. and Mayeux, A.},
  title = {Reflections on oil crops as sources of energy: 2. Curcas oil (Jatropha curcas): A possible fuel.},
  journal = {Oleagineux},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {39},
  number = {5},
  pages = {283-287}
}
      
Martini, L. H., Souza, C. R., Marques, P. B., Calixto, J. B., Yunes, R. A. & Souza, D. O. Compounds extracted from Phyllantus and Jatropha elliptica inhibit the binding of [3H]glutamate and [3H]GMP-PNP in rat cerebral cortex membrane. 2000 Neurochem Res   article URL  
Abstract: Glutamate is to be considered a nociceptive neurotransmitter and glutamatergic antagonists present antinoceptive activity. In this study we investigated the effects of the naturally occurring antinociceptive compounds rutin, geraniin and quercetine extracted from Phyllanthus, as well as the diterpene jatrophone, extracted from Jatropha elliptica on the binding of [3H]glutamate and [3H]GMP-PNP [a GTP analogue which binds to extracellular site(s), modulating the glutamatergic transmission] in rat brain membrane. Jatrophone inhibited [3H]glutamate binding and geraniin inhibited [3H]GMP-PNP binding. Quercetine inhibited the binding of both ligands. These results may indicate a neurochemical parameter possibly related to the antinoceptive activity of these natural compounds.
BibTeX:
@article{Martini2000,
  author = {Martini,L. H. and Souza, C. R. and Marques, P. B. and Calixto, J. B. and Yunes, R. A. and Souza, D. O.},
  title = {Compounds extracted from Phyllantus and Jatropha elliptica inhibit the binding of [3H]glutamate and [3H]GMP-PNP in rat cerebral cortex membrane.},
  journal = {Neurochem Res},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {25},
  number = {2},
  pages = {211--215},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/nere/2000/00000025/00000002/00221401}
}
      
Martínez-Herrera, J., Siddhuraju, P., Francis, G., Dávila-Ortíz, G. & Becker, K. Chemical composition, toxic/antimetabolic constituents, and effects of different treatments on their levels, in four provenances of Jatropha curcas L. from Mexico. 2006 Food Chemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Martinez-Herrera2006,
  author = {Martínez-Herrera, J. and Siddhuraju, P. and Francis, G. and Dávila-Ortíz, G. and Becker, K.},
  title = {Chemical composition, toxic/antimetabolic constituents, and effects of different treatments on their levels, in four provenances of Jatropha curcas L. from Mexico.},
  journal = {Food Chemistry},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {96},
  pages = {80-89},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T6R-4FV41Y0-1&_user=10&_coverDate=05%2F31%2F2006&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=17&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5037&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=b6a989fdc527ad376c193c0098b7513e}
}
      
Matsuse, I. T., Lim, Y. A., Hattori, M., Correa, M. & Gupta, M. P. A search for anti-viral properties in Panamanian medicinal plants. The effects on HIV and its essential enzymes. 1999 J Ethnopharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: Aqueous and methanolic extracts of 39 Panamanian medicinal plants were tested for anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) effects. The extracts were tested for the inhibition of HIV-induced cytopathic effects in cultured cells, HIV-reverse transcriptase (RT) and HIV-protease (PR) enzymes. The water extract of the branches of Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae) inhibited strongly the HIV-induced cytopathic effects with low cytotoxicity. On the other hand, the water extracts of the whole plant of Chamaesyce hyssopifolia (Euphorbiaceae), the leaves of Cordia spinescens (Boraginaceae) and the aerial parts of Hyptis lantanifolia (Labiatae), and the methanol extract of the aerial parts of Tetrapteris macrocarpa (Malpighiaceae) were potent inhibitors of HIV-RT (IC50: 6-8 microg/ml). Seven out of 39 plants were found to be moderate inhibitors of HIV-PR (IC50: 43-100 microg/ml). Furthermore, we report on the respective inhibitory substances of J. curcas, C. hyssopifolia and C. spinescens, and their possible mechanism of action.
BibTeX:
@article{Matsuse1999,
  author = {Matsuse,I. T. and Lim, Y. A. and Hattori, M. and Correa, M. and Gupta, M. P.},
  title = {A search for anti-viral properties in Panamanian medicinal plants. The effects on HIV and its essential enzymes.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {64},
  number = {1},
  pages = {15--22},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=10075118}
}
      
Maya, Y. & Arriaga, L. Litterfall and phenological patterns of the dominant overstorey species of a desert scrub community in north-western Mexico 1996 Journal of Arid Environments   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Maya1996,
  author = {Maya, Y. and Arriaga, L.},
  title = {Litterfall and phenological patterns of the dominant overstorey species of a desert scrub community in north-western Mexico},
  journal = {Journal of Arid Environments},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {34},
  pages = {23--35},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ap/ae/1996/00000034/00000001/art00090}
}
      
McGaw, L. J. & Eloff, J. N. Screening of 16 poisonous plants for antibacterial, anthelmintic and cytotoxic activity in vitro 2005 South African Journal of Botany   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{McGawNovember2005,
  author = {McGaw, L. J. and Eloff, J. N.},
  title = {Screening of 16 poisonous plants for antibacterial, anthelmintic and cytotoxic activity in vitro},
  journal = {South African Journal of Botany},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {71},
  pages = {302--306},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/nisc/sajb/2005/00000071/F0020003/art00002}
}
      
McVaugh, R. The genus Jatropha in America: principal intrageneric groups. 1945 Bull.Torrey Bot. Club   article  
BibTeX:
@article{McVaugh1945,
  author = {McVaugh, R.},
  title = {The genus Jatropha in America:  principal intrageneric groups.},
  journal = {Bull.Torrey Bot. Club},
  year = {1945},
  volume = {72},
  pages = {271-294}
}
      
Menezes, R. G., Rao, N. G., Karanth, S. S., Kamath, A., Manipady, S. & Pillay, V. V. Jatropha curcas poisoning. 2006 Indian J Pediatr   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Menezes2006,
  author = {Menezes, Ritesh G. and Rao, Nageshkumar G. and Karanth, Suman S. and Kamath, Asha and Manipady, Shahnavaz and Pillay, V. V.},
  title = {Jatropha curcas poisoning.},
  journal = {Indian J Pediatr},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {73},
  number = {7},
  pages = {634; author reply 635},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16877863}
}
      
Mengual, L. Extraction of bioactive substances from J. curcas L. and bioassays on Zonocerus variegatus, Sesamia calamistis and Busseola fusca for caharacterisation of insecticidal properties. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Mengual1997,
  author = {Mengual, L.},
  title = {Extraction of bioactive substances from J. curcas L. and bioassays on Zonocerus variegatus, Sesamia calamistis and Busseola fusca for caharacterisation of insecticidal properties.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {211-216}
}
      
Meshram, P. B. & Joshi, K. C. A new report of Spodoptera litura (Fab.) Boursin, (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) as a pest of Jatropha curcas Linn. 1994 Indian Forester   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Meshram1994,
  author = {Meshram, P. B. and Joshi, K. C.},
  title = {A new report of Spodoptera litura (Fab.) Boursin, (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) as a pest of Jatropha curcas Linn.},
  journal = {Indian Forester},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {120},
  number = {3},
  pages = {273-274}
}
      
Meshram, P. B., Kulkarni, N. & et al. Antifeedant activity of Azadirachta indica and Jatropha curcas against Papilio demoleus Linn. 1996 Journal of Environmental Biology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Meshram1996,
  author = {Meshram, P. B. and Kulkarni, N. and et al.},
  title = {Antifeedant activity of Azadirachta indica and Jatropha curcas against Papilio demoleus Linn.},
  journal = {Journal of Environmental Biology},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {17},
  number = {4},
  pages = {295-298}
}
      
Miller, I. L. & Pitt, J. L. Is Jatropha gossypiifolia the next Mimosa pigra? 1990 Australian Weeds Research Newsletter   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Miller1990,
  author = {Miller, I. L. and Pitt, J. L.},
  title = {Is Jatropha gossypiifolia the next Mimosa pigra?},
  journal = {Australian Weeds Research Newsletter},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {39},
  pages = {1-6}
}
      
Mittelbach, M. 15 years of biodiesel experience in Europe. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Mittelbach1997,
  author = {Mittelbach, M.},
  title = {15 years of biodiesel experience in Europe.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {132-136}
}
      
Modi, M. K., Reddy, J. R. C., Rao, B. V. S. K. & Prasad, R. B. N. Lipase-mediated conversion of vegetable oils into biodiesel using ethyl acetate as acyl acceptor. 2007 Bioresour Technol   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Ethyl acetate was explored as an acyl acceptor for immobilized lipase-catalyzed preparation of biodiesel from the crude oils of Jatropha curcas (jatropha), Pongamia pinnata (karanj) and Helianthus annuus (sunflower). The optimum reaction conditions for interesterification of the oils with ethyl acetate were 10 of Novozym-435 (immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B) based on oil weight, ethyl acetate to oil molar ratio of 11:1 and the reaction period of 12h at 50 degrees C. The maximum yield of ethyl esters was 91.3, 90 and 92.7 with crude jatropha, karanj and sunflower oils, respectively under the above optimum conditions. Reusability of the lipase over repeated cycles in interesterification and ethanolysis was also investigated under standard reaction conditions. The relative activity of lipase could be well maintained over twelve repeated cycles with ethyl acetate while it reached to zero by 6th cycle when ethanol was used as an acyl acceptor.
BibTeX:
@article{Modi2007,
  author = {Modi, Mukesh Kumar and Reddy, J. R. C. and Rao, B. V. S. K. and Prasad, R. B. N.},
  title = {Lipase-mediated conversion of vegetable oils into biodiesel using ethyl acetate as acyl acceptor.},
  journal = {Bioresour Technol},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {98},
  number = {6},
  pages = {1260--1264},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16822671},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.05.006}
}
      
Modi, M. K., Reddy, J. R. C., Rao, B. V. S. K. & Prasad, R. B. N. Lipase-mediated transformation of vegetable oils into biodiesel using propan-2-ol as acyl acceptor. 2006 Biotechnol Lett   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Propan-2-ol was used as an acyl acceptor for immobilized lipase-catalyzed preparation of biodiesel. The optimum conditions for transesterification of crude jatropha (Jatropha curcas), karanj (Pongamia pinnata) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus) oils were 10 Novozym-435 (immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B) based on oil weight, alcohol to oil molar ratio of 4:1 at 50 degrees C for 8 h. The maximum conversions achieved using propan-2-ol were 92.8, 91.7 and 93.4 from crude jatropha, karanj and sunflower oils, respectively. Reusability of the lipase was maintained over 12 repeated cycles with propan-2-ol while it reached to zero by 7(th) cycle when methanol was used as an acyl acceptor, under standard reaction conditions.
BibTeX:
@article{Modi2006,
  author = {Modi, Mukesh Kumar and Reddy, J. R. C. and Rao, B. V. S. K. and Prasad, R. B. N.},
  title = {Lipase-mediated transformation of vegetable oils into biodiesel using propan-2-ol as acyl acceptor.},
  journal = {Biotechnol Lett},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {28},
  number = {9},
  pages = {637--640},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16642301},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10529-006-0027-2}
}
      
Mongkolvisut, W., Sutthivaiyakit, S., Leutbecher, H., Mika, S., Klaiber, I., Möller, W., Rösner, H., Beifuss, U. & Conrad, J. Integerrimides A and B, cyclic heptapeptides from the latex of Jatropha integerrima. 2006 J Nat Prod   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Two new cyclic heptapeptides, integerrimides A and B, have been isolated from the latex of Jatropha integerrima. Their structures were elucidated by using extensive 1D and 2D NMR, MS, and chemical degradation. At 50 microM both peptides 1 and 2 significantly inhibited neurite outgrowth in neuronal cell culture. They also partially inhibited proliferation of human IPC-298 melanoma cells as well as migration of human Capan II pancreatic carcinoma cells, but were inactive in HSV-1, antifungal, and antimalarial assays.
BibTeX:
@article{Mongkolvisut2006,
  author = {Mongkolvisut, Wantana and Sutthivaiyakit, Somyote and Leutbecher, Heiko and Mika, Sabine and Klaiber, Iris and Möller, Wolfgang and Rösner, Harald and Beifuss, Uwe and Conrad, Jürgen},
  title = {Integerrimides A and B, cyclic heptapeptides from the latex of Jatropha integerrima.},
  journal = {J Nat Prod},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {69},
  number = {10},
  pages = {1435--1441},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17067157},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/np0602012}
}
      
Moreira, I. Bagaços de purgueira e de ricino. Ensaio sobre a sua fitotoxicidade e valor fertilizante. 1970 An. Inst. Super. Agron. (Portugal)   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Moreira1970,
  author = {Moreira, I.},
  title = {Bagaços de purgueira e de ricino. Ensaio sobre a sua fitotoxicidade e valor fertilizante.},
  journal = {An. Inst. Super. Agron. (Portugal)},
  year = {1970},
  volume = {31},
  pages = {191-222}
}
      
Morgue, M., Kassab, R. & frassati, I. Study of the proteins in the seeds of Jatropha curcas L. by means of solubility curves & localization of toxalbumin (curcin) on them. 1958 C R Seances Soc Biol Fil   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Morgue1958,
  author = {Morgue, M. and Kassab, R. and frassati, I.},
  title = {Study of the proteins in the seeds of Jatropha curcas L. by means of solubility curves \& localization of toxalbumin (curcin) on them.},
  journal = {C R Seances Soc Biol Fil},
  year = {1958},
  volume = {152},
  number = {12},
  pages = {1733--1735},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=13639486}
}
      
Mothana, R. A. A. & Lindequist, U. Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants of the island Soqotra. 2005 J Ethnopharmacol   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Twenty-five selected plants belonging to 19 families were collected from different localities of the island Soqotra, dried and extracted with the solvents chloroform, methanol and hot water to yield 80 extracts. The extracts were tested for their antimicrobial activity against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and against one yeast species using agar diffusion method. Antibacterial activity was demonstrated especially against Gram-positive bacteria including multiresistant Staphylococcus strains. The greatest activity was exhibited by the methanolic extracts of Boswellia elongata, Boswellia ameero, Buxus hildebrandtii, Commiphora parvifolia, Jatropha unicostata, Kalanchoe farinacea, Pulicaria stephanocarpa, Punica protopunica, Withania adunensis and Withania riebeckii. Only the methanolic extract of Buxus hildebrandtii displayed significant antifungal activity.
BibTeX:
@article{Mothana2005,
  author = {Mothana,Ramzi A. A. and Lindequist, Ulrike},
  title = {Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants of the island Soqotra.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {96},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {177--181},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15588668},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2004.09.006}
}
      
Mothana, R. A. A., Mentel, R., Reiss, C. & Lindequist, U. Phytochemical screening and antiviral activity of some medicinal plants from the island Soqotra. 2006 Phytother Res   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Methanol and hot-aqueous extracts of 25 different plant species, used in Yemeni traditional medicine and growing, partly as endemic plants, on the island Soqotra have been investigated for their antiviral activity. In addition, the phytochemical identification of the main chemical constituents was performed. The extracts were assayed in two in vitro viral systems, which used influenza virus type A/MDCK cells and herpes simplex virus type 1/Vero cells, at non-cytotoxic concentrations. The herpes simplex virus type 1 showed more sensitivity than the influenza virus type A against the extracts investigated. The methanol extracts of Boswellia ameero, Boswellia elongata, Buxus hildebrandtii, Cissus hamaderohensis, Cleome socotrana, Dracaena cinnabari, Exacum affine, Jatropha unicostata and Kalanchoe farinacea showed anti-influenza virus type A activity with 50 inhibition (IC50) concentrations ranging from 0.7 to 12.5 microg/mL. In addition, 17 plants of the 25 investigated exhibited anti-HSV-1 activity. The antiviral activity of some active extracts was also observed on a molecular level.
BibTeX:
@article{Mothana2006,
  author = {Mothana, Ramzi A. A. and Mentel, Renate and Reiss, Christiane and Lindequist, Ulrike},
  title = {Phytochemical screening and antiviral activity of some medicinal plants from the island Soqotra.},
  journal = {Phytother Res},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {20},
  number = {4},
  pages = {298--302},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16557613},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1858}
}
      
Mourgue, M., Baret, R., Kassab, R. & Reynaud, J. Study of the proteins from the seeds of Jatropha curcas Linn. 1961 Bull Soc Chim Biol (Paris)   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Mourgue1961,
  author = {Mourgue, M. and Baret, R. and Kassab, R. and Reynaud, J.},
  title = {Study of the proteins from the seeds of Jatropha curcas Linn.},
  journal = {Bull Soc Chim Biol (Paris)},
  year = {1961},
  volume = {43},
  pages = {505--516},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=13773284}
}
      
Mourgue, M., Delphaut, J., Baret, R. & Kassab, R. Study of the toxicity and localization of toxalbumin (curcin) in the seeds of Jatropha curcas Linn. 1961 Bull Soc Chim Biol (Paris)   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Mourgue1961a,
  author = {Mourgue, M. and Delphaut, J. and Baret, R. and Kassab, R.},
  title = {Study of the toxicity and localization of toxalbumin (curcin) in the seeds of Jatropha curcas Linn.},
  journal = {Bull Soc Chim Biol (Paris)},
  year = {1961},
  volume = {43},
  pages = {517--531},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=13773284}
}
      
Muangman, S., Thippornwong, M. & Tohtong, R. Anti-metastatic effects of curcusone B, a diterpene from Jatropha curcas. 2005 In Vivo   article URL  
Abstract: A new approach to cancer therapy in recent years has been to target the metastatic process. The anti-metastatic potential of curcusone B, a diterpene isolated from Jatropha curcas Linn. (Euphorbiaceae), a herbal plant that has been used in traditional folk medicine in many tropical countries, was investigated against 4 human cancer cell lines. Treatment with non-cytotoxic doses of curcusone B resulted in a strong reduction of in vitro invasion, motility and secretion of matrix-metalloproteinases (MMP) of the cancer cells, whereas the ability to adhere to a Matrigel-coated surface was variably sensitive to curcusone B treatment. Curcusone B, thus, effectively suppresses the metastatic processes at doses that are non-toxic to cells, which may be of therapeutic benefit for the treatment of metastatic cancers.
BibTeX:
@article{Muangman2005,
  author = {Muangman,Surin and Thippornwong, Montri and Tohtong, Rutaiwan},
  title = {Anti-metastatic effects of curcusone B, a diterpene from Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {In Vivo},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {19},
  number = {1},
  pages = {265--268},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15796185}
}
      
Muanza, D. N., Euler, K. L. & et al. Screening for antitumor and anti-HIV activities of nine medicinal plants from Zaire. 1995 International Journal of Pharmacognosy   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Muanza1995,
  author = {Muanza, D. N. and Euler, K. L. and et al.},
  title = {Screening for antitumor and anti-HIV activities of nine medicinal plants from Zaire.},
  journal = {International Journal of Pharmacognosy},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {33},
  number = {2},
  pages = {98-106}
}
      
Mujumdar, A. M. & Misar, A. V. Anti-inflammatory activity of Jatropha curcas roots in mice and rats. 2004 J Ethnopharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: Anti-inflammatory activity of topical application of Jatropha curcas L. root powder in paste form in TPA-induced ear inflammation was confirmed in albino mice and the successive solvent extraction of these roots was carried out by ether and methanol. The methanol extract exhibited systemic and significant anti-inflammatory activity in acute carrageenan-induced rat paw edema. It also showed activity against formalin-induced rat paw edema, as well as, turpentine-induced exudative changes and cotton pellet-induced granular tissue formation after oral treatment for 7 days in albino rats. Thus, resultant anti-inflammatory activity might be due to effects on several mediators and arachidonic acid metabolism involving cyclo-oxygenase pathway resulting in prostaglandin formation, anti-proliferative activity leading to reduction in granular tissue formation and leukocyte migration from the vessels.
BibTeX:
@article{Mujumdar2004,
  author = {Mujumdar,A. M. and Misar, A. V.},
  title = {Anti-inflammatory activity of Jatropha curcas roots in mice and rats.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {90},
  number = {1},
  pages = {11--15},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=14698501}
}
      
Mujumdar, A. M., Upadhye, A. S. & Misar, A. V. Studies on antidiarrhoeal activity of Jatropha curcus root extract in albino mice. 2000 J Ethnopharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: Use of Jatropha curcus L. roots in the treatment of diarrhoea is a common ethnobotanical practice in Konkan, a part of the Western coastal area of India. Roots of this species were undertaken for pharmacognostic studies and evaluation of antidiarrhoeal activity in albino mice. Successive solvent extraction was carried out using petroleum ether (60-80 degrees C) and methanol. The methanol extract showed activity against castor oil induced diarrhoea and intraluminal accumulation of fluid. It also reduced gastrointestinal motility after charcoal meal administration in albino mice. The results indicate that action of J. curcus root methanol extract could be through a combination of inhibition of elevated prostaglandin biosynthesis and reduced propulsive movement of the small intestine.
BibTeX:
@article{Mujumdar2000,
  author = {Mujumdar,A. M. and Upadhye, A. S. and Misar, A. V.},
  title = {Studies on antidiarrhoeal activity of Jatropha curcus root extract in albino mice.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {70},
  number = {2},
  pages = {183--187},
  note = {All authors: Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, India. majumdar@aripune.ernet.in},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03788741/2000/00000070/00000002/art00167''doi}
}
      
Munch, E. & Kiefer, J. Die Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.) : Mehrzweckpflanze als Kraftstoffquelle der Zukunft? 1989   book  
BibTeX:
@book{Edgar1989,
  author = {Munch, Edgar and Kiefer, Joachim},
  title = {Die Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.) : Mehrzweckpflanze als Kraftstoffquelle der Zukunft?},
  publisher = {GTZ, Eschborn},
  year = {1989},
  pages = {32},
  note = {ISBN 3880853886}
}
      
Münch, E. Die Purgiernuß (Jatropha curcas L.) - Botanik, Ökologie, Anbau 1986 School: University Hohenheim, Stuttgart.   mastersthesis  
BibTeX:
@mastersthesis{Muench1986,
  author = {Münch, E.},
  title = {Die Purgiernuß (Jatropha curcas L.) - Botanik, Ökologie, Anbau},
  school = {University Hohenheim, Stuttgart.},
  year = {1986}
}
      
Naengchomnong, W., Thebtaranonth, Y., Wiriyachitra, P., Okamoto, K. T. & Clardy, J. Isolation and structure determination of two novel Lathyrenes from Jatropha Curcus 1986 Tetrahedron Letters   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Naengchomnong1986,
  author = {Naengchomnong, W. and Thebtaranonth, Y. and Wiriyachitra, P. and Okamoto,K. T. and Clardy, J.},
  title = {Isolation and structure determination of two novel Lathyrenes from Jatropha Curcus},
  journal = {Tetrahedron Letters},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {27},
  number = {47},
  pages = {5675-5678},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6THS-42RVWMD-1FF&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1986&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=107&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5290&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=4181ab896a2fe4df051bf6d4f1a57092}
}
      
Narayana, R. J. & Ramesh, A. Effect of injector opening pressure on the performance of a Jatropha oil fuelled compression ignition engine. 2004 Proceedings of national conference on state of the art of technologies in mechanical engineering (NCSAME) 29–30 June 2004, Hyderabad, India, 2004.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Narayana2004,
  author = {Narayana, Reddy J and Ramesh, A.},
  title = {Effect of injector opening pressure on the performance of a Jatropha oil fuelled compression ignition engine.},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of national conference on state of the art of technologies in mechanical engineering (NCSAME) 29–30 June 2004, Hyderabad, India, 2004.},
  year = {2004}
}
      
Nasir, M. K. A., Memon, G. M. & et al. Studies on fixed oil of Jatropha curcas seeds. 1988 Pakistan Journal Of Scientific And Industrial Research   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Nasir1988,
  author = {Nasir, M. K. A. and Memon, G. M. and et al.},
  title = {Studies on fixed oil of Jatropha curcas seeds.},
  journal = {Pakistan Journal Of Scientific And Industrial Research},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {31},
  number = {8},
  pages = {566-568}
}
      
Nath, L. K. & Dutta, S. K. Acute toxicity studies and wound healing response of curcain, a proteolytic enzyme extract from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Nath1997,
  author = {Nath, L. K. and Dutta, S. K.},
  title = {Acute toxicity studies and wound healing response of curcain, a proteolytic enzyme extract from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {82-86}
}
      
Nath, L. K. & Dutta, S. K. Wound healing response of the proteolytic enzyme curcain. 1992 Journal Of Pharmacology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Nath1992,
  author = {Nath, L. K. and Dutta, S. K.},
  title = {Wound healing response of the proteolytic enzyme curcain.},
  journal = {Journal Of Pharmacology},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {24},
  number = {2},
  pages = {114-115}
}
      
Nath, L. K. & Dutta, S. K. Extraction and purification of curcain, a protease from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn. 1991 J Pharm Pharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: A proteolytic enzyme, curcain, has been extracted from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn. The enzyme was purified by chromatography on carboxymethyl cellulose and gel filtration on Sephadex G-200. The homogeneity of protein associated with curcain was established by non-denatured polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis using a discontinuous buffer system. The molecular weight of curcain was estimated by Sephadex G-100 gel filtration using a calibration curve of standard proteins to be around 22,000 daltons.
BibTeX:
@article{Nath1991,
  author = {Nath, L. K. and Dutta, S. K.},
  title = {Extraction and purification of curcain, a protease from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn.},
  journal = {J Pharm Pharmacol},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {43},
  number = {2},
  pages = {111--114},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=1672893}
}
      
Nath, L. K. & Dutta, S. K. Kinetic studies on curcain, a protease from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn. 1989 Indian Journal Of Pharmaceutical Sciences   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Nath1989,
  author = {Nath, L. K. and Dutta, S. K.},
  title = {Kinetic studies on curcain, a protease from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn.},
  journal = {Indian Journal Of Pharmaceutical Sciences},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {51},
  number = {2},
  pages = {43-47}
}
      
Nath, L. K. & Dutta, S. K. Extraction and study of certain physico-chemical properties of a new proteolytic enzyme from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn. 1988 Indian Journal Of Pharmaceutical Sciences   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Nath1988,
  author = {Nath, L. K. and Dutta, S. K.},
  title = {Extraction and study of certain physico-chemical properties of a new proteolytic enzyme from the latex of Jatropha curcas Linn.},
  journal = {Indian Journal Of Pharmaceutical Sciences},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {50},
  number = {2},
  pages = {125-127}
}
      
Nwosu, M. O. & Okafor, J. I. Preliminary studies of the antifungal activities of some medicinal plants against Basidiobolus and some other pathogenic fungi. 1995 Mycoses   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Nwosu1995,
  author = {Nwosu, M. O. and Okafor, J. I.},
  title = {Preliminary studies of the antifungal activities of some medicinal plants against Basidiobolus and some other pathogenic fungi.},
  journal = {Mycoses},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {38},
  number = {5-6},
  pages = {191-195}
}
      
Obatomi, D. K., Bikomo, E. O. & Temple, V. J. Anti-diabetic properties of the African mistletoe in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. 1994 J Ethnopharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: The African mistletoe, Loranthus bengwensis L. (Loranthaceae), has been widely used in Nigerian folk medicine to treat diabetes mellitus. The aqueous extract or infusion (1.32 g/kg per day) of the leaves of this plant parasitic on lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Brum f. (Rutaceae), guava, Psidium guajava L. (Myrtaceae) and jatropha, Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae), respectively, were supplied ad libitum to separate groups of both non-diabetic and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, as their only source of fluid for a period of 28 days. The infusions of mistletoe parasite on both lemon and guava trees significantly decreased serum glucose levels in non-diabetic (P < 0.05) and diabetic (P < 0.001) rats, whereas that prepared from mistletoe parasitic on jatropha did not. The data indicate that African mistletoe possesses significant anti-diabetic activity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats; its anti-diabetic activity appears to be highly dependent on the host plant species.
BibTeX:
@article{Obatomi1994,
  author = {Obatomi,D. K. and Bikomo, E. O. and Temple, V. J.},
  title = {Anti-diabetic properties of the African mistletoe in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {43},
  number = {1},
  pages = {13--17},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=7967645}
}
      
Odebiyi, O. O. Antibacterial property of tetramethylpyrazine from the stem of Jatropha podagrica. 1980 Planta Med   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Odebiyi1980,
  author = {Odebiyi, O. O.},
  title = {Antibacterial property of tetramethylpyrazine from the stem of Jatropha podagrica.},
  journal = {Planta Med},
  year = {1980},
  volume = {38},
  number = {2},
  pages = {144--146},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=7367488}
}
      
Oduola, T., Adeosun, G. O., Oduola, T. A., Avwioro, G. O. & Oyeniyi, M. A. Mechanism of action of Jatropha gossypifolia stem latex as a haemostatic agent. 2005 Eur J Gen Med   article  
Abstract: Aim: Jatropha gossypifolia belongs to the family “Euphorbiacea”. The coagulant activity and the mechanism of action of Jatropha gossypifolia stem latex as a haemostatic agent were investigated.

Methods: The mechanism of action was investigated using doubling dilution technique by mixing neat (undiluted) and serial dilutions of the latex with 30% bovine albumin.

Results: The results of whole blood clotting time using Lee and White method and bleeding time using Ivy’s method were significantly reduced (P < 0.05) when stem latex was introduced than when the tests were performed without stem latex. This means that the stem latex possesses procoagulant activity.

Conclusion: The result of this test showed that precipitation of coagulant factors is the mechanism of action of its haemostatic activity.

BibTeX:
@article{Taofeeq2005,
  author = {Oduola, Taofeeq and Adeosun, Ganiyu Oyebola and Oduola, Tesleem Aderemi and Avwioro, Godwin Ovie and Oyeniyi, Mutiyat Adeyoola},
  title = {Mechanism of action of Jatropha gossypifolia stem latex as a haemostatic agent.},
  journal = {Eur J Gen Med},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {2},
  number = {4},
  pages = {140-143}
}
      
Ogbobe, O. & Akano, V. The physico-chemical properties of the seed and seed oil of Jatropha gossipifolia. 1993 Plant Foods Hum Nutr   article URL  
Abstract: The physico-chemical properties of the seed and seed oil of Jatropha gossipifolia were assessed by standard methods. The seed contains 35.8 crude oil of iodine value 107.25, 13.40 protein, 9.25 fibre, 30.32 carbohydrate and 6.0 g/kg saponins. The fatty acid composition of the seed oil was determined by GC-MS. Caprylic, myristic, palmitoleic, palmitic, oleic, stearic, linoleic, vernolic, arachidic, behenic and lignoceric acids were found.
BibTeX:
@article{Ogbobe1993,
  author = {Ogbobe, O. and Akano, V.},
  title = {The physico-chemical properties of the seed and seed oil of Jatropha gossipifolia.},
  journal = {Plant Foods Hum Nutr},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {43},
  number = {3},
  pages = {197--200},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=8506234}
}
      
Ojewole, J. A. & Odebiyi, O. O. Mechanism of the hypotensive effect of tetramethylpyrazine, an amide alkaloid from the stem of Jatropha podagrica. 1981 Planta Med   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Ojewole1981,
  author = {Ojewole, J. A. and Odebiyi, O. O.},
  title = {Mechanism of the hypotensive effect of tetramethylpyrazine, an amide alkaloid from the stem of Jatropha podagrica.},
  journal = {Planta Med},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {41},
  number = {3},
  pages = {281--287},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=7232557}
}
      
Ojewole, J. A. & Odebiyi, O. O. Neuromuscular and cardiovascular actions of tetramethylpyrazine from the stem of Jatropha podagrica. 1980 Planta Med   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Ojewole1980,
  author = {Ojewole, J. A. and Odebiyi, O. O.},
  title = {Neuromuscular and cardiovascular actions of tetramethylpyrazine from the stem of Jatropha podagrica.},
  journal = {Planta Med},
  year = {1980},
  volume = {38},
  number = {4},
  pages = {332--338},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=7367493}
}
      
Okieimen, F. E. Studies in the utilisation of epoxidised vegetable oils as thermal stabiliser for polyvinyl chloride 2002 Industrial Crops and Products   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{OkieimenJanuary2002,
  author = {Okieimen, F. E.},
  title = {Studies in the utilisation of epoxidised vegetable oils as thermal stabiliser for polyvinyl chloride},
  journal = {Industrial Crops and Products},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {15},
  pages = {71--75},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/09266690/2002/00000015/00000001/art00097''doi}
}
      
Okieimen, F. E. & Sogbaike, C. E. Stabilising effect of derivatives of Jatropha seed oil on the thermal degradation of poly(vinyl chloride) 1996 European Polymer Journal   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{OkieimenDecember1996,
  author = {Okieimen, F. E. and Sogbaike, C. E.},
  title = {Stabilising effect of derivatives of Jatropha seed oil on the thermal degradation of poly(vinyl chloride)},
  journal = {European Polymer Journal},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {32},
  pages = {1457--1462},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00143057/1996/00000032/00000012/art00075''doi}
}
      
Okuyama, E., Okamoto, Y., Yamazaki, M. & Satake, M. Pharmacologically active components of a Peruvian medicinal plant, huanarpo (Jatropha cilliata). 1996 Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo)   article URL  
Abstract: From Jatropha cilliata M. Arg., a Peruvian medicinal plant, isoorientin and orientin were isolated as anxiolytic components by using the isolation guide of anti-conflict effect in mice. Several related flavonoids were also tested for this effect. Another bioassay-guided isolation using the acetic acid-induced writhing method gave a coumarin compound, fraxetin, as an analgesic principle.
BibTeX:
@article{Okuyama1996,
  author = {Okuyama, E. and Okamoto, Y. and Yamazaki, M. and Satake, M.},
  title = {Pharmacologically active components of a Peruvian medicinal plant, huanarpo (Jatropha cilliata).},
  journal = {Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo)},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {44},
  number = {2},
  pages = {333--336},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=8998840}
}
      
Olowokudejo, J. D. Comparative epidermal morphology of West African species of Jatropha L. (Euphorbiaceae) 1993 Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Olowokudejo1993,
  author = {Olowokudejo, J. Dele},
  title = {Comparative epidermal morphology of West African species of Jatropha L. (Euphorbiaceae)},
  journal = {Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {111},
  number = {2},
  pages = {139-154},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WBX-45PMR2W-1V&_user=10&_coverDate=02%2F28%2F1993&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=94&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=6722&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=ee14ee29061e8c05cce9b1b4b08984f4}
}
      
Openshaw, K. A review of Jatropha curcas: An oil plant of unfulfilled promise. 2000 Biomass and Bioenergy   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Openshaw2000,
  author = {Openshaw, K.},
  title = {A review of Jatropha curcas: An oil plant of unfulfilled promise.},
  journal = {Biomass and Bioenergy},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {19},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1-15},
  note = {Alternative Energy Development Inc., Silver Spring, MD, USA}
}
      
Oshima, M., Gu, Y. & Tsukada, S. Effects of Lepidium meyenii Walp and Jatropha macrantha on blood levels of estradiol-17 beta, progesterone, testosterone and the rate of embryo implantation in mice. 2003 J Vet Med Sci   article URL  
Abstract: The effects of two Peruvian folk medicines, Lepidium meyenii Walp and Jatropha macrantha, on mouse sex steroid hormones and embryo implantation were investigated. Progesterone levels increased significantly in mice that received L. meyenii Walp, while testosterone levels increased significantly in mice that received L. meyenii Walp as well as in those that received both L. meyenii Walp and J. macrantha. However, there were no marked changes in blood levels of estradiol-17beta or the rate of embryo implantation.
BibTeX:
@article{Oshima2003,
  author = {Oshima, Masami and Gu, Yeunhwa and Tsukada, Sekihito},
  title = {Effects of Lepidium meyenii Walp and Jatropha macrantha on blood levels of estradiol-17 beta, progesterone, testosterone and the rate of embryo implantation in mice.},
  journal = {J Vet Med Sci},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {65},
  number = {10},
  pages = {1145--1146},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=14600359}
}
      
Osoniyi, O. & Onajobi, F. Coagulant and anticoagulant activities in Jatropha curcas latex. 2003 J Ethnopharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: Jatropha curcas Linn. (Euphorbiaceae), a medicinal plant commonly grown in the Tropics, is traditionally used as a haemostatic. Investigation of the coagulant activity of the latex of Jatropha curcas showed that whole latex significantly (P<0.01) reduced the clotting time of human blood. Diluted latex, however, prolonged the clotting time: at high dilutions, the blood did not clot at all. This indicates that Jatropha curcas latex possesses both procoagulant and anticoagulant activities. Prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) tests on plasma confirm these observations. Solvent partitioning of the latex with ethyl acetate and butanol led to a partial separation of the two opposing activities: at low concentrations, the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited a procoagulant activity, while the butanol fraction had the highest anticoagulant activity. The residual aqueous fraction had no significant effect on the clotting time of blood and the PT but slightly prolonged the APTT.
BibTeX:
@article{Osoniyi2003,
  author = {Osoniyi, Omolaja and Onajobi, Funmi},
  title = {Coagulant and anticoagulant activities in Jatropha curcas latex.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {89},
  number = {1},
  pages = {101--105},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=14522439}
}
      
Ouedraogo, M., Ayers, P. D. & Linden, J. C. Diesel engine performance tests using oil from Jatropha curcas L. 1991 Agric. Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Ouedraogo1991,
  author = {Ouedraogo, M. and Ayers, P. D. and Linden, J. C.},
  title = {Diesel engine performance tests using oil from Jatropha curcas L.},
  journal = {Agric. Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {22},
  pages = {25-32}
}
      
Pak, M. & Allexi, A. Testing engines fuelled with physic oil 1994 Landtechnik (Germany)   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Pak1994,
  author = {Pak, M. and Allexi, A.},
  title = {Testing engines fuelled with physic oil},
  journal = {Landtechnik (Germany)},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {49},
  number = {1},
  pages = {29-30}
}
      
Pandey, R. K. & Datta, S. K. Gamma ray induced cotyledonary variabilities in Jatropha curcas L. 1995 Journal of Nuclear Agriculture and Biology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Pandey1995,
  author = {Pandey, R. K. and Datta, S. K.},
  title = {Gamma ray induced cotyledonary variabilities in Jatropha curcas L.},
  journal = {Journal of Nuclear Agriculture and Biology},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {24},
  number = {1},
  pages = {62-66}
}
      
Pandey, R. K., Datta, S. K. & et al. Performance of mutagen treated Jatropha curcas (Petro-crop) on alkali soil. 1998 Journal of Nuclear Agriculture and Biology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Pandey1998,
  author = {Pandey, R. K. and Datta, S. K. and et al.},
  title = {Performance of mutagen treated Jatropha curcas (Petro-crop) on alkali soil.},
  journal = {Journal of Nuclear Agriculture and Biology},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {27},
  number = {3},
  pages = {165-171}
}
      
Panigrahi, S., Francis, B. J., Cano, L. A. & Burbage, M. B. Toxicity of Jatropha curcas seeds from Mexico to rats and mice. 1984 Nutr. Rep. Int.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Panigrahi1984,
  author = {Panigrahi, S. and Francis,  B. J. and Cano, L. A. and Burbage,  M. B.},
  title = {Toxicity of Jatropha curcas seeds from Mexico to rats and mice.},
  journal = {Nutr. Rep. Int.},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {29},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1089-1099}
}
      
Parthasarathy, M. R. & Saradhi, K. P. A coumarino-lignan from jatropha glandulifera 1984 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Parthasarathy1984,
  author = {Parthasarathy, M. R. and Saradhi, K. Pardha},
  title = {A coumarino-lignan from jatropha glandulifera},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {23},
  number = {4},
  pages = {867-869},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-42HNPHP-4X&_user=10&_coverDate=04%2F11%2F1984&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=109&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=60e019e5adbb0487038ff66595a16a3d}
}
      
Pertino, M., Schmeda-Hirschmann, G., Rodríguez, J. A. & Theoduloz, C. Gastroprotective effect and cytotoxicity of terpenes from the Paraguayan crude drug "yagua rova" (Jatropha isabelli). 2007 J Ethnopharmacol   article DOIURL  
Abstract: A new jatrophone derivative (6), jatrophone (3), jatropholone A (4) and jatropholone B (5), acetyl aleuritolic acid (1), cyperenoic acid (2) and a monoterpene were isolated from the rhizomes of the Paraguayan crude drug Jatropha isabelli. The compounds were characterized by spectroscopic means. The gastroprotective effect of jatrophone, jatropholone A and B as well as 9beta,13alpha-dihydroxyisabellione 6 and the triterpene 1 was assessed in the HCl/EtOH-induced gastric lesions model in mice. Jatrophone elicited a strong gastroprotective effect with no significant differences between 25, 50 or 100mg/kg and reducing lesions from 88 to 93. The jatropholones A and B showed remarkable differences in the gastroprotective assay. Jatropholone A presented a dose-related response, with maximum effect (54 lesion reduction) at the highest dose (100mg/kg), jatropholone B showed a strong action at all the doses, reducing lesions by 83-91. The cytotoxicity of the compounds was assessed towards fibroblasts and AGS cells. Jatrophone was toxic against both cell lines (IC(50) values: 2.8 and 2.5muM, respectively). Jatropholone B (5) was not cytotoxic while jatropholone A (4) displayed a selective effect against AGS cells (IC(50): 49muM). The relevance of stereochemistry in the biological effects is clear comparing the effect of jatropholone A and B against AGS cells, with IC(50) values of 49 and >1000muM for the beta and alpha C-16 isomers, respectively. The results provide scientific support for the use of "yagua rova" as a gastroprotective crude drug in Paraguayan traditional medicine.
BibTeX:
@article{Pertino2007,
  author = {Pertino, Mariano and Schmeda-Hirschmann, Guillermo and Rodríguez, Jaime A. and Theoduloz, Cristina},
  title = {Gastroprotective effect and cytotoxicity of terpenes from the Paraguayan crude drug "yagua rova" (Jatropha isabelli).},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {in press},
  pages = {in press},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2007.01.003},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2007.01.003}
}
      
Phillips, S. A new record of Pestalotiopsis versicolor on the leaves of Jatropha curcas 1975 Indian Phytopathol   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Phillips1975,
  author = {Phillips, S.},
  title = {A new record of Pestalotiopsis versicolor on the leaves of Jatropha curcas},
  journal = {Indian Phytopathol},
  year = {1975},
  volume = {28},
  number = {4},
  pages = {546}
}
      
Pirie, C. D., Walmsley, S., Ingle, R., Perez, J. A., Solis, M. A. & Kelly, C. K. Investigations in plant commonness and rarity: a comparison of seed removal patterns in the widespread Jatropha standleyi and the endemic J. chamelensis (Euphorbiaceae) 2000 Biological Journal of the Linnean Society   article URL  
Abstract: During early August to late September 1998 we examined seed dispersal in the tree species Jatropha standleyi (widespread) and J. chamelensis (endemic; Euphorbiaceae) at the Estación de Biología Chamela, Jalisco, México. Using general linear models, we found that seed removal from beneath the parental canopy did not differ between the two species and that seed removal was correlated with both seed availability on the ground and rodent predation. We inferred that seed removal was largely mediated by rodents and determined that if a seed was not removed within 4 d (approx. 16% chance), it was highly unlikely to be removed at all (approx. 3.5% chance) for both species. We note that although differences in patterns of seed removal may not explain the observed differences in range size, differences between the two species in seed crop size are similar to patterns found in other endemic/widespread species pairs. Copyright 2000 The Linnean Society of London
BibTeX:
@article{PIRIENovember2000,
  author = {Pirie, C. D. and Walmsley, S. and Ingle, R. and Perez, Jimenez A. and Solis, Magallanes A. and Kelly, C. K.},
  title = {Investigations in plant commonness and rarity: a comparison of seed removal patterns in the widespread Jatropha standleyi and the endemic J. chamelensis (Euphorbiaceae)},
  journal = {Biological Journal of the Linnean Society},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {71},
  pages = {501--512},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00244066/2000/00000071/00000003/art90458''doi}
}
      
Pletsch, M. & Charlwood, B. V. Accumulation of diterpenoids in cell and root-organ cultures of Jatropha species. 1997 Journal of Plant Physiology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Pletsch1997,
  author = {Pletsch, M. and Charlwood, B. V.},
  title = {Accumulation of diterpenoids in cell and root-organ cultures of Jatropha species.},
  journal = {Journal of Plant Physiology},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {150},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {37-45}
}
      
Ponte, C. H. Estudio de Jatropha curcas L. como recurso biotico. 1978 School: University Veracruz, Xalapa-Enríquez, Veracruz, Mexico.   mastersthesis  
BibTeX:
@mastersthesis{1978,
  author = {Ponte, C. Hernández},
  title = {Estudio de Jatropha curcas L. como recurso biotico.},
  school = {University Veracruz, Xalapa-Enríquez, Veracruz, Mexico.},
  year = {1978}
}
      
Prabakaran, A. J. & Sujatha, M. Jatropha tanjorensis Ellis & Saroja, a natural interspecific hybrid occurring in Tamil Nadu, India 1999 Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{PrabakaranJune1999,
  author = {Prabakaran, A. J. and Sujatha, M.},
  title = {Jatropha tanjorensis Ellis \& Saroja, a natural interspecific hybrid occurring in Tamil Nadu, India},
  journal = {Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {46},
  pages = {213--218},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/gres/1999/00000046/00000003/00192953}
}
      
Pradeep, V. & Sharma, R. Use of HOT EGR for NOx control in a compression ignition engine fuelled with bio-diesel from Jatropha oil 2007 Renewable Energy   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Pradeep2007,
  author = {Pradeep,V. and Sharma, R.P.},
  title = {Use of HOT EGR for NOx control in a compression ignition engine fuelled with bio-diesel from Jatropha oil},
  journal = {Renewable Energy},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {32},
  number = {7},
  pages = {1136-1154},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V4S-4K8S5NK-4&_user=10&_coverDate=06%2F30%2F2007&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=1&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5766&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=bc3702fb147fdb23ea5da1686be82fb8}
}
      
Pramanik, K. Properties and use of Jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine 2003 Renewable Energy   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Pramanik2003,
  author = {Pramanik, K.},
  title = {Properties and use of Jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine},
  journal = {Renewable Energy},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {28},
  pages = {239--248},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/09601481/2003/00000028/00000002/art00027''doi}
}
      
Prasad, C., Krishna, M., Reddy, C. & Mohan, K. Performance evaluation of non-edible vegetable oils as substitute fuels in low heat rejection diesel engines 2000 Proceedings of the I MECH E Part D Journal of Automobile Engineering   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Prasad2000,
  author = {Prasad, C. and Krishna, M. and Reddy, C. and Mohan, K.},
  title = {Performance evaluation of non-edible vegetable oils as substitute fuels in low heat rejection diesel engines},
  journal = {Proceedings of the I MECH E Part D Journal of Automobile Engineering},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {214},
  pages = {181--187},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/pep/jae/2000/00000214/00000002/art00007}
}
      
Qamar, F., Saeed, M. & et al. Control of anguinosis of wheat using plant extracts. 1989 Pakistan Journal Of Scientific And Industrial Research   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Qamar1989,
  author = {Qamar, F. and Saeed, M. and et al.},
  title = {Control of anguinosis of wheat using plant extracts.},
  journal = {Pakistan Journal Of Scientific And Industrial Research},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {32},
  number = {4},
  pages = {260-261}
}
      
Qin, W., Ming-Xing, H., Ying, X., Xin-Shen, Z. & Chen, F. Expression of a ribosome inactivating protein (curcin 2) in Jatropha curcas is induced by stress. 2005 J Biosci   article URL  
Abstract: The open reading frame (ORF) encoding curcin 2 was cloned from total genomic and cDNA of Jatropha curcas leaves, which were treated by drought, temperature stress and fungal infection, by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR amplification. The ORF has 927 bp that encodes a precursor protein of 309 amino acid residues. There are high similarities with curcin and the conserved domain of ribosome inactivating proteins (RIPs). Antiserum to curcin recognized one band of 32 kDa on Western blot of the leaves treated by temperature stresses at 4 degree C and 50 degree C and by fungal infections of Pestalotia funerea, Curvularia lunata (Walk) Boed, Gibberelle zeae (Schw.) Petch. Two bands of 32 kDa and 65 kDa were recognized on Western blot of the leaves treated by 10--40 percent polyethylene glycol (PEG). In addition, the 32 kDa band is nearly the molecular weight of curcin 2. This finding suggests that the protein of 32 kDa should be related to curcin 2. The presence of this protein molecular marker under stresses may provide an experimental foundation to study the stress proteins in J. curcas.
BibTeX:
@article{Qin2005,
  author = {Qin, Wei and Ming-Xing, Huang and Ying, Xu and Xin-Shen, Zhang and Chen, Fang},
  title = {Expression of a ribosome inactivating protein (curcin 2) in Jatropha curcas is induced by stress.},
  journal = {J Biosci},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {30},
  number = {3},
  pages = {351--357},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16052073}
}
      
Rai, M. K. In vitro evaluation of medicinal plant extracts against Pestalotiopsis mangiferae. 1996 Hindustan Antibiot Bull   article URL  
Abstract: A serious leaf-spot disease of Mangifera indica was noted during the last 10 years in Satpura plateau of India. On the basis of characteristic symptoms and cultural characters, the pathogen was identified as Pestalotiopsis mangiferae which is hitherto not reported from Satpura plateau of India. Screening of 17-medicinal plants against the test pathogen revealed 14 antimycotic whereas 3-plants, viz., Argemone mexicana, Caesalpinia bonducella, and Casia fistula acclerated the growth of the pathogen. The maximum activity was shown by Eucalyptus globulus (88) and Catharanthus roseus (88) followed by Ocimum sanctum (85.50), Azadirachta indica (84.66), Ricinus communis (75) and Lawsonia inermis (74.33) while the minimum activity was exhibited by Jatropha curcas (10).
BibTeX:
@article{Rai1996,
  author = {Rai, M. K.},
  title = {In vitro evaluation of medicinal plant extracts against Pestalotiopsis mangiferae.},
  journal = {Hindustan Antibiot Bull},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {38},
  number = {1-4},
  pages = {53--56},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=9676046}
}
      
Rao, E. S. & Raju, V. S. The genus Jatropha L. in Andhra Pradesh, India. UNKNOWN Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany   article  
BibTeX:
@article{RaoUNKNOWN,
  author = {Rao, E. S. and Raju, V. S.},
  title = {The genus Jatropha L. in Andhra Pradesh, India.},
  journal = {Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany},
  year = {UNKNOWN},
  volume = {18},
  number = {3},
  pages = {585-589}
}
      
Ratnadass, A., Cisse, B. & et al. Biointensive pest control of sorghum stemborer in West Africa. 1997 Insect Science and its Application   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Ratnadass1997,
  author = {Ratnadass, A. and Cisse, B. and et al.},
  title = {Biointensive pest control of sorghum stemborer in West Africa.},
  journal = {Insect Science and its Application},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {17},
  number = {2},
  pages = {227-233}
}
      
Rau, O., Wurglics, M., Dingermann, T., Abdel-Tawab, M. & Schubert-Zsilavecz, M. Screening of herbal extracts for activation of the human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor. 2006 Pharmazie   article  
Abstract: The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors play a pivotal role in metazoan lipid and glucose homeostasis. Synthetic activators of PPARalpha (fibrates) and PPARgamma (glitazones) are therefore widely used for treatment of dislipidemia and diabetes, respectively. There is growing evidence for herbal compounds to influence nuclear receptor signalling e.g. the PPARs. We recently reported carnosic acid and carnosol, both being diterpenes found in the labiate herbs sage and rosemary, to be activators of PPARgamma. The subsequent screening of a variety of ethanolic extracts, obtained from traditionally used herbs, for PPAR activation, led to an exceptionally high hit rate. Among 52 extracts nearly the half significantly activated PPARgamma and 14 activated PPARalpha in addition, whereas three of them were pan-PPAR activators, which also activated PPARdelta. The most active extracts, for which a concentration dependent effect could be shown, were the extracts of Alisma plantago aquatica (ze xie/european waterplantain), Catharanthus roseus (madagascar periwinkle), Acorus calamus (sweet calamus), Euphorbia balsamifera (balsam spurge), Jatropha curcas (barbados nut), Origanum majorana (marjoram), Zea mays (corn silk), Capsicum frutescens (chilli) and Urtica dioica (stinging nettle). The results of the present study provide a possible rationale for the traditional use of many herbs as antidiabetics.
BibTeX:
@article{Rau2006,
  author = {Rau, O. and Wurglics, M. and Dingermann, Th. and Abdel-Tawab, M. and Schubert-Zsilavecz, M.},
  title = {Screening of herbal extracts for activation of the human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor.},
  journal = {Pharmazie},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {61},
  number = {11},
  pages = {952--956}
}
      
Ravindranath, N., Ramesh, C. & Das, B. A rare dinorditerpene from Jatropha curcas 2003 Biochemical Systematics and Ecology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{RavindranathApril2003,
  author = {Ravindranath, N. and Ramesh, C. and Das, B.},
  title = {A rare dinorditerpene from Jatropha curcas},
  journal = {Biochemical Systematics and Ecology},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {31},
  pages = {431--432},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03051978/2003/00000031/00000004/art00166''doi}
}
      
Ravindranath, N., Reddy, M. R., Mahender, G., Ramu, R., Kumar, K. R. & Das, B. Deoxypreussomerins from Jatropha curcas: are they also plant metabolites? 2004 Phytochemistry   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Three deoxypreussomerins, palmarumycins CP1, JC1 and JC2, have been isolated from a collection of the stems of Jatropha curcas. The second and third compounds are antibacterial constituents which were characterized from spectral evidence. The X-ray crystallographic structure of palmarumycin JC1 was also studied. Deoxypreussomerins have been obtained here from a plant source in appreciable quantities.
BibTeX:
@article{Ravindranath2004,
  author = {Ravindranath, N. and Reddy, M. Ravinder and Mahender, G. and Ramu, R. and Kumar, K. Ravi and Das, Biswanath},
  title = {Deoxypreussomerins from Jatropha curcas: are they also plant metabolites?},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {65},
  number = {16},
  pages = {2387--2390},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15381012},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2004.06.032}
}
      
Ravindranath, N., Reddy, M. R., Ramesh, C., Ramu, R., Prabhakar, A., Jagadeesh, B. & Das, B. New lathyrane and podocarpane diterpenoids from Jatropha curcas. 2004 Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo)   article URL  
Abstract: Chemical investigation on Jatropha curcas resulted in the isolation of twenty constituents among which four diterpenoids were unknown and six compounds, tetradecyl-(E)-ferulate, 3-O-(Z)-coumaroyl oleanolic acid, heudelotinone, epi-isojatrogrossidione, 2alpha-hydroxy-epi-isojatrogrossidione, and 2-methyanthraquinone had not been reported earlier from this species. The structures of the new compounds were established by extensive studies of their 1D- and 2D-NMR spectra.
BibTeX:
@article{Ravindranath2004a,
  author = {Ravindranath, Nasi and Reddy, Majjigapu Ravinder and Ramesh, Chimmani and Ramu, Ravirala and Prabhakar, Anabathula and Jagadeesh, Bharatam and Das, Biswanath},
  title = {New lathyrane and podocarpane diterpenoids from Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo)},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {52},
  number = {5},
  pages = {608--611},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15133216}
}
      
Ravindranath, N., Venkataiah, B., Ramesh, C., Jayaprakash, P. & Das, B. Jatrophenone, a novel macrocyclic bioactive diterpene from Jatropha gossypifolia. 2003 Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo)   article URL  
Abstract: A novel macrocyclic diterpene, jatrophenone, has been isolated from the whole plant of Jatropha gossypifolia. The structure of the compound was established by detailed studies of its one- and two-dimensional (1D and 2D) NMR spectra. The compound possesses significant antibacterial activity.
BibTeX:
@article{Ravindranath2003,
  author = {Ravindranath, Nasi and Venkataiah, Bollu and Ramesh, Chimmani and Jayaprakash, Pagadala and Das, Biswanath},
  title = {Jatrophenone, a novel macrocyclic bioactive diterpene from Jatropha gossypifolia.},
  journal = {Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo)},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {51},
  number = {7},
  pages = {870--871},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12843600}
}
      
Reddya, J. N. & Ramesh, A. Parametric studies for improving the performance of a Jatrophanext term oil-fuelled compression ignition engine. 2006 Renewable Energy   article DOI  
Abstract: A single cylinder, constant speed, direct injection diesel engine was operated on neat previous termJatrophanext term oil. Injection timing, injector opening pressure, injection rate and air swirl level were changed to study their influence on performance, emissions and combustion. Results have been compared with neat diesel operation. The injection timing was varied by changing the position of the fuel injection pump with respect to the cam and injection rate was varied by changing the diameter of the plunger of the fuel injection pump. A properly oriented masked inlet valve was employed to enhance the air swirl level. Advancing the injection timing from the base diesel value and increasing the injector opening pressure increase the brake thermal efficiency and reduce HC and smoke emissions significantly. Enhancing the swirl has only a small effect on emissions. The ignition delay with previous termJatrophanext term oil is always higher than that of diesel under similar conditions. Improved premixed heat release rates were observed with previous termJatrophanext term oil when the injector opening pressure is enhanced. When the injection timing is retarded with enhanced injection rate, a significant improvement in performance and emissions was noticed. In this case emissions with previous termJatrophanext term oil are even lower than diesel. At full output, the HC emission level is 532 ppm with previous termJatrophanext term oil as against 798 ppm with diesel. NO level and smoke with previous termJatrophanext term oil are, respectively 1162.5 ppm and 2 BSU while they are 1760 ppm and 2.7 BSU with diesel.
BibTeX:
@article{Reddya2006,
  author = {Reddya, J. Narayana and Ramesh, A.},
  title = {Parametric studies for improving the performance of a Jatrophanext term oil-fuelled compression ignition engine.},
  journal = {Renewable Energy},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {31},
  number = {12},
  pages = {1994-2016},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2005.10.006}
}
      
Rengifo, E., Urich, R. & Herrera, A. Water Relations and Leaf Anatomy of the Tropical Species, Jatropha gossypifolia and Alternanthera crucis, Grown Under an Elevated CO2 Concentration 2002 Photosynthetica   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Rengifo2002,
  author = {Rengifo, E. and Urich, R. and Herrera, A.},
  title = {Water Relations and Leaf Anatomy of the Tropical Species, Jatropha gossypifolia and Alternanthera crucis, Grown Under an Elevated CO2 Concentration},
  journal = {Photosynthetica},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {40},
  pages = {397--403},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/phot/2002/00000040/00000003/05119850}
}
      
Rivera-Lorca, J. A. & Ku-Vera, J. C. Chemical composition of three different varieties of J. curcas from Mexico. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Rivera-Lorca1997,
  author = {Rivera-Lorca, J. A. and Ku-Vera, J. C.},
  title = {Chemical composition of three different varieties of J. curcas from Mexico.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {47-52}
}
      
Rivera-Lorca, J. A. & Ku-Vera, J. C. A study of the hemagglutination properties of three different varieties of J. curcas from Mexico. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Rivera-Lorca1997a,
  author = {Rivera-Lorca, J. A. and Ku-Vera, J. C.},
  title = {A study of the hemagglutination properties of three different varieties of J. curcas from Mexico.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {70-74}
}
      
Rivera-Lorca, J. A. & Ku-Vera, J. C. Rumen digestion of raw, roasted and boiled seeds of J. curcas from Chiapas, Mexico, 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Rivera-Lorca1997b,
  author = {Rivera-Lorca, J. A. and Ku-Vera, J. C.},
  title = {Rumen digestion of raw, roasted and boiled seeds of J. curcas from Chiapas, Mexico,},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {167-172}
}
      
Rojanapo, W., Pimbua, J., Glinsukon, T., Naengchomnong, W. & Thebtaranonth, Y. Failure of diterpenes from Jatropha curcas to induce mutation in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100. 1987 Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: No mutagenicity of five diterpenes isolated from the roots of Jatropha curcas was detected by Ame's test using both TA98 and TA100 tester strains with or without S-9 fraction from livers of rats treated with polychlorinated biphenyl.
BibTeX:
@article{Rojanapo1987,
  author = {Rojanapo,W. and Pimbua, J. and Glinsukon, T. and Naengchomnong, W. and Thebtaranonth, Y.},
  title = {Failure of diterpenes from Jatropha curcas to induce mutation in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100.},
  journal = {Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {58},
  number = {3},
  pages = {397--400},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=3326080}
}
      
Ross, I. A. Medicinal plants of the world : chemical constituents, traditional, and modern medicinal uses. 1999   book  
BibTeX:
@book{Ross1999,
  author = {Ross, Ivan A.},
  title = {Medicinal plants of the world : chemical constituents, traditional, and modern medicinal uses.},
  publisher = {Totowa, N.J. : Humana Press},
  year = {1999},
  note = {ch. 14. Jatropha curcas
ISBN: 0896038777}
}
      
Roy, S. Growth and productivity of non-conventional energy source: J. curcas 1997 Fuel and Energy Abstracts   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{RoyNovember1997,
  author = {Roy, S.},
  title = {Growth and productivity of non-conventional energy source: J. curcas},
  journal = {Fuel and Energy Abstracts},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {38},
  pages = {411--411},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/01406701/1997/00000038/00000006/art82028''doi}
}
      
Roye, M. E., Collins, A. M. & Maxwell, D. P. First report of a begomovirus associated with the common weed Jatropha gossypifolia in Jamaica 2006 Plant Pathology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{RoyeApril2006,
  author = {Roye, M. E. and Collins, A. M. and Maxwell, D. P.},
  title = {First report of a begomovirus associated with the common weed Jatropha gossypifolia in Jamaica},
  journal = {Plant Pathology},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {55},
  pages = {286--286},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/ppath/2006/00000055/00000002/art00021''doi}
}
      
Rug, M. & Ruppel, A. Toxic activities of the plant Jatropha curcas against intermediate snail hosts and larvae of schistosomes. 2000 Trop Med Int Health   article DOIURL  
Abstract: The aim of studies on plant molluscicides is to complement methods for controlling snails acting as intermediate hosts of schistosomes. We report on the toxic activity of extracts from Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) against snails transmitting Schistosoma mansoni and S. haematobium. We studied different extracts' effects on infectious larvae, cercariae and miracidia of S. mansoni. Compared to aqueous extract, methanol extract showed the highest toxicity against all tested organisms with LC100-values of 25 p.p.m. for cercariae and the snail Biomphalaria glabrata and 1 p.p.m. for the snails Bulinus truncatus and B. natalensis. Attenuation of cercariae leading to reduced infectivity in mice could be achieved in concentrations below those exerting acute toxicity. In view of our results and the ongoing exploitation of J. curcas for other purposes, this plant could become an affordable and effective component of an integrated approach to schistosomiasis control.
BibTeX:
@article{Rug2000,
  author = {Rug, M. and Ruppel, A.},
  title = {Toxic activities of the plant Jatropha curcas against intermediate snail hosts and larvae of schistosomes.},
  journal = {Trop Med Int Health},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {5},
  number = {6},
  pages = {423--430},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=10929142},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2000.00573.x}
}
      
Rug, M., Sporer, F., Wink, M., Liu, S. Y., Henning, R. & Ruppel, A. Moluscicidal properties of J. curcas against vector snails of the human parasites Schistosoma mansoni and S. japonicum. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Rug1997,
  author = {Rug, M. and Sporer, F. and Wink, M. and Liu, S. Y. and Henning, R. and Ruppel, A.},
  title = {Moluscicidal properties of J. curcas against vector snails of the human parasites Schistosoma mansoni and S. japonicum.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {227-232}
}
      
Ryckewaert & Alauzet Characterization of Bemisia (Hom., Aleyrodidae) from the Lesser Antilles by electrophoresis 2001 Journal of Applied Entomology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{RyckewaertJune2001,
  author = {Ryckewaert and Alauzet},
  title = {Characterization of Bemisia (Hom., Aleyrodidae) from the Lesser Antilles by electrophoresis},
  journal = {Journal of Applied Entomology},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {125},
  pages = {263--266},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/jen/2001/00000125/00000005/art00007''doi}
}
      
Salas, J., Tello, V., Zavaleta, A., Villegas, L., Salas, M., Fernández, I. & Vaisberg, A. [Cicatrization effect of Jatropha curcas latex (Angiospermae: Euforbiaceae)] 1994 Rev Biol Trop   article URL  
Abstract: The wound healing effects of Jathopha curcas latex upon surgical wound produced in Balb/c mice skin, were studied with a modification of the Hoowes-Sooy-Harvey method. The effects of topical treatment using single 50 ul doses of latex at different dilutions (10 to 100) was compared with a multiple dose treatment (four 25 ul/dose q12h, latex 5 to 100). The single dose treatment with 10, 50 or 100 latex and the multiple dose treatment with dilutions between 5 and 10, have a healing effect but only on males. The multiple dose treatment with 50 or pure undiluted latex produced caustic lesions to treated skin.
BibTeX:
@article{Salas1994,
  author = {Salas, J. and Tello, V. and Zavaleta, A. and Villegas, L. and Salas, M. and Fernández, I. and Vaisberg, A.},
  title = {[Cicatrization effect of Jatropha curcas latex (Angiospermae: Euforbiaceae)]},
  journal = {Rev Biol Trop},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {42},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {323--326},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=7480941}
}
      
dos Santos, A. F. & Sant'Ana, A. E. The molluscicidal activity of plants used in Brazilian folk medicine. 2000 Phytomedicine   article  
Abstract: In a continuing search for new compounds for the control of the vectors of schistosomiasis, we have tested the activity of some Brazilian medicinal plants as sources of molluscicidal natural compounds, using two molluscicidal bioassays. Twenty-seven crude extracts, from twenty-six species belonging to nineteen families, were tested. Seven extracts showed significant molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria glabrata adults with DL50 values of less than 50 ppm, and five of them were very active in the test using egg masses. The species most active against B. glabrata adults (LD50 value = 3.65 ppm) and their egg masses (LD50 value = 0.13 ppm) was Derris sp. Annona muricata [LD50 value (adult) = 11.86 ppm and LD50 value (egg) = 49.62 ppm], Jatropha elliptica (from Goiás state) [LD50 value (adult) = 24.80 ppm and LD50 value (egg) = 3.03 ppm] and Renealmia exaltata [LD50 value (adult) = 28.03 ppm and LD50 value (egg) = 21.67 ppm], were also considered promising molluscicidal plants.
BibTeX:
@article{Santos2000,
  author = {dos Santos, A. F. and Sant'Ana, A. E.},
  title = {The molluscicidal activity of plants used in Brazilian folk medicine.},
  journal = {Phytomedicine},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {6},
  number = {6},
  pages = {431--438}
}
      
dos Santos, A. F. & Sant'Ana, A. E. Molluscicidal activity of the diterpenoids jatrophone and jatropholones A and B isolated from Jatropha elliptica (Pohl) Muell. Arg. 1999 Phytother Res   article URL  
Abstract: In the search for new molluscicidal natural products, the activity of the crude ethanol extract of the rhizome of Jatropha elliptica (Pohl.) Muell. Arg. was tested. The LC(50) was 13.07 ppm. The fractionation and purification of the extract furnished jatrophone and a mixture of jatropholones A and B, as the main compounds. They were tested against the snail Biomphalaria glabrata. Jatrophone showed an LC(50) of 1.16 ppm as a molluscicide and an LC(50) of 1.14 ppm for the assay of egg mass, while the mixture of jatropholones A and B presented an LC(50) of 58.04 ppm as a molluscicide and was not active against the second assay at a concentration up to 100 ppm.
BibTeX:
@article{Santos1999,
  author = {dos Santos, A. F. and Sant'Ana, A. E.},
  title = {Molluscicidal activity of the diterpenoids jatrophone and jatropholones A and B isolated from Jatropha elliptica (Pohl) Muell. Arg.},
  journal = {Phytother Res},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {13},
  number = {8},
  pages = {660--664},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=10594934}
}
      
Santos, M. F. d. S., Czeczko, N. G., Nassif, P. A. N., Ribas-Filho, J. M., de Alencar, B. L. F., Malafaia, O., Ribas, C. A. P. M., Trautwein, V. M., Henriques, G. S., Maia, J. M. A. & Bittencourt, R. C. d. A. [Evaluation of the use of raw extract of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. in the healing process of skin wounds in rats.] 2006 Acta Cir Bras   article  
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Phytotherapy is one of the research branches in the healing process of surgical wounds. PURPOSE: To analyze the morphological aspects of the healing process occurring in open skin lesions in rats under administration of raw extract from Jatropha gossypiifolia L. METHOD: Sixty Wistar rats were utilized. A 2cm wound in diameter was done in each animal at the dorsal region. The animals were divided into two groups, each one consisting of 30 animals. Each group was subdivided into three subgroups of ten. They were analyzed in the 7th, 14th and 21st post-operative day. The two groups were compared through macroscopic analysis using digital planigraphy and histological examination. The microscopic parameters considered were the vascular proliferation, polymorph and mononuclear cells, fibroblastic proliferation, collagen and epithelium formation. RESULTS: Epitelization occurred in a same amount in all animals. There was no chronic inflamation on 21st day in the Jatropha group and also no difference in polimorphonuclear cells between the groups. The fibroblastic reaction was better on the 7th day in the Jatropha group and equal in the remaining ones. Colagenization was greater on 7th and 14th days in Jatropha and better re-epitelization occurred in the same group in the 7th day. CONCLUSION: Although with hystologic aspects favoring the Jatropha, no significant differences concerning to the macroscopic and microscopic aspects were observed among the skin wounds receiving raw extract Jatropha and those that received no treatment in the final evaluation.
BibTeX:
@article{Silva2006,
  author = {Santos, Manoel Francisco da Silva and Czeczko, Nicolau Gregori and Nassif, Paulo Afonso Nunes and Ribas-Filho, Jurandir Marcondes and de Alencar, Bruno Leonardi Freire and Malafaia, Osvaldo and Ribas, Carmen Australia Paredes Marcondes and Trautwein, Vagner Marcolin and Henriques, Gilberto Simeone and Maia, José Maria Ayres and Bittencourt, Ruy Carlos de Araújo},
  title = {[Evaluation of the use of raw extract of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. in the healing process of skin wounds in rats.]},
  journal = {Acta Cir Bras},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {21},
  pages = {2--7}
}
      
Sardana, J., Batra, A. & et al. In vitro plantlet formation and micropropagation of Jatropha curcas (L.). 1998 Advances in Plant Sciences   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Sardana1998,
  author = {Sardana, J. and Batra, A. and et al.},
  title = {In vitro plantlet formation and micropropagation of Jatropha curcas (L.).},
  journal = {Advances in Plant Sciences},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {11},
  number = {2},
  pages = {167-169}
}
      
Sarin, R., Sharma, M., Sinharay, S. & Malhotra, R. Jatropha–Palm biodiesel blends: An optimum mix for Asia. 2007 Fuel   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Rakesh2007,
  author = {Sarin, Rakesh and Sharma, Meeta and Sinharay, S. and Malhotra, R.K.},
  title = {Jatropha–Palm biodiesel blends: An optimum mix for Asia.},
  journal = {Fuel},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {in press},
  pages = {in press},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V3B-4MP5JHJ-1&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F29%2F2006&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=8&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5726&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=f5d58eccd3d518fbb252620b978b1bca}
}
      
Sastry, A. V. V. S. & Kannabiran, B. Structure and distribution of foliar hairs in the tribe Crotoneae (Euphorbiaceae). 1994 Advances in Plant Sciences   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Sastry1994,
  author = {Sastry, A. V. V. S. and Kannabiran, B.},
  title = {Structure and distribution of foliar hairs in the tribe Crotoneae (Euphorbiaceae).},
  journal = {Advances in Plant Sciences},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {7},
  number = {1},
  pages = {84-90}
}
      
Sathaiah, V. & Reddy, T. P. Seed protein profiles of castor (Ricinus communis) and some Jatropha species. 1985 Genetica Agraria   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Sathaiah1985,
  author = {Sathaiah, V. and T. P. Reddy},
  title = {Seed protein profiles of castor (Ricinus communis) and some Jatropha species.},
  journal = {Genetica Agraria},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {39},
  number = {1},
  pages = {35-44}
}
      
Sauerwein, M., Sporer, F. & Wink, M. Insect-toxicity of phorbol esters from Jatropha curcas seed oil 1993 Planta Medica   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Sauerwein1993,
  author = {Sauerwein, M. and Sporer, F. and Wink, M.},
  title = {Insect-toxicity of phorbol esters from Jatropha curcas seed oil},
  journal = {Planta Medica},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {59},
  number = {7},
  pages = {686}
}
      
Schaltegger, E. Policy context of biomass fuels and their economics. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Schaltegger1997,
  author = {Schaltegger, E.Schaltegger1997},
  title = {Policy context of biomass fuels and their economics.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {143-147}
}
      
Schmeda-Hirschmann, G. Magic and medicinal plants of the Ayoreos of the Chaco Boreal (Paraguay) 1993 39   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Schmeda-Hirschmann1993,
  author = {Schmeda-Hirschmann, Guillermo},
  title = {Magic and medicinal plants of the Ayoreos of the Chaco Boreal (Paraguay)},
  journal = {39},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {39},
  number = {2},
  pages = {105-111},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8D-475TCTW-2R&_user=10&_coverDate=06%2F30%2F1993&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=93&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5084&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=f2d18b0e9cca16241e410cadbc485d78}
}
      
Schmeda-Hirschmann, G., Tsichritzis, F. & Jakupovic, J. Diterpenes and a lignan from Jatropha grossidentata 1992 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Schmeda-Hirschmann1992,
  author = {Schmeda-Hirschmann, G. and Tsichritzis, F. and Jakupovic, J.},
  title = {Diterpenes and a lignan from Jatropha grossidentata},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {31},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1731-1735},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-42M88KX-1DB&_user=10&_coverDate=05%2F01%2F1992&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=95&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=8e678fc721f7f974ef4843ff7e2a4072}
}
      
Schmook, B. & Serralta-Peraza, L. J. curcas: distribution and uses in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Schmook1997,
  author = {Schmook, B. and Serralta-Peraza, L.},
  title = {J. curcas: distribution and uses in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {53-57}
}
      
Senthil, K. M., Ramesh, A. & Nagalingam, B. Use of hydrogen to enhance the performance of a vegetable oil fuelled compression ignition engine 2003 International Journal of Hydrogen Energy   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{SenthilOctober2003,
  author = {Senthil, Kumar M. and Ramesh, A. and Nagalingam, B.},
  title = {Use of hydrogen to enhance the performance of a vegetable oil fuelled compression ignition engine},
  journal = {International Journal of Hydrogen Energy},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {28},
  pages = {1143--1154},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03603199/2003/00000028/00000010/art00234''doi}
}
      
Senthil, K. M., Ramesh, A. & Nagalingam, B. An experimental comparison of methods to use methanol and Jatropha oil in a compression ignition engine 2003 Biomass and Bioenergy   article DOIURL  
BibTeX:
@article{SenthilSeptember2003,
  author = {Senthil, Kumar M. and Ramesh, A. and Nagalingam, B.},
  title = {An experimental comparison of methods to use methanol and Jatropha oil in a compression ignition engine},
  journal = {Biomass and Bioenergy},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {25},
  pages = {309--318},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/09619534/2003/00000025/00000003/art00018''doi},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(03)00018-7}
}
      
Senthil, K. M., Ramesh, A. & Nagalingam, B. Complete vegetable oil fuelled compression ignition engine. 2001   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Senthil2001,
  author = {Senthil, Kumar M. and Ramesh, A. and Nagalingam, B.},
  title = {Complete vegetable oil fuelled compression ignition engine.},
  year = {2001},
  number = {2001-28-0067}
}
      
Serra, M. C. P. O valor da purgueira na economia de Cabo Verde 1950 Rev. Ultramar   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Serra1950,
  author = {Serra, M. C. P.},
  title = {O valor da purgueira na economia de Cabo Verde},
  journal = {Rev. Ultramar},
  year = {1950},
  volume = {3},
  number = {(17):9},
  pages = {16}
}
      
Servin, S. C. N., Torres, O. J. M., Matias, J. E. F., Agulham, M. Â., de Carvalho, F. A., Lemos, R., Soares, E. W. S., Soltoski, P. R. & de Freitas, A. C. T. Effects of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (bellyache bush) extract on the healing process of colonic anastomosis: experimental study in rats. 2006 Acta Cir Bras   article  
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Phytotherapy has been drawing interest from the scientific community regarding its potential wound healing properties. There are few studies available that present a correct scientific methodology and, therefore, phytotherapy remains an open field for further research. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (bellyache bush) on the healing of colonic anastomosis in rats. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were subjected to a complete section of the colon, that was soon sutured with eight separate stitches using monofilament polipropilene 6-0. Randomly, the animals were divided into control group (CG), with 20 rats, which were injected with 0.9 sodium chloride solution intraperitoneally (1mL/kg) and Jatropha group (JG), also with 20 rats, which were injected with Jatropha gossypiifolia L. alcoholic extract intraperitoneally (1mL/kg). Each of the groups was subdivided into two subgroups of ten rats, according to the sacrifice date, third and seventh days (CG3/ CG7 and JG3/ JG7). After sacrifice, the segment of the colon containing 1cm proximal and distal to the site of anastomosis was removed and subjected to the pressure test with air insuflation. This segment was then opened and a 1.0 x 0.5cm part was removed and placed under 10 formaldehyde for histological analysis with hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome stainings. RESULTS: The evaluation of the pressure rupture test demonstrated statistical significance regarding the sacrifice date. On the third day, the average pressure of the CG (25,4mmHg) and the JG (76,4mHg) revealed p = 0.013, and on the seventh day, the average pressure of the CG (187,3 mmHg.) and the JG (135,1 mmHg.) revealed p = 0.014. When assessing the microscopic variables among the groups of the 3rd day, only the variables edema and polymorphonuclear cells did not show statistical differences. On the 7th day, all of the variables assessed demonstrated significant differences. CONCLUSIONS: Regarding mechanical resistance, there was a difference in resistance between the JG3 and the CG3, and a shift of resistance when comparing the JG7 and CG7, which suggests a weakening of the Jatropha effect at a later stage of healing. The histological evaluation revealed an improvement of the acute inflammatory process in the JG3 when compared to the CG3, which was even more intense during the chronic stage, when the two groups are compared on the seventh day. The histological study of the inflammatory process, in general, showed a favorable effect to the Jatropha group compared to the control group.
BibTeX:
@article{Servin2006,
  author = {Servin,Santiago Cirilo Nogueira and Torres, Orlando Jorge Martins and Matias, Jorge Eduardo F. and Agulham, Miguel Ângelo and de Carvalho, Fábio Augusto and Lemos, Ricardo and Soares, Emerson Wander Silva and Soltoski, Paulo Roberto and de Freitas, Alexandre Coutinho Teixeira},
  title = {Effects of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (bellyache bush) extract on the healing process of colonic anastomosis: experimental study in rats.},
  journal = {Acta Cir Bras},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {21},
  pages = {89--96}
}
      
Shah, S. & Gupta, M. N. Lipase catalyzed preparation of biodiesel from Jatropha oil in a solvent free system. 2007 Process Biochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Shah2007,
  author = {Shah, Shweta and Gupta, Munishwar N.},
  title = {Lipase catalyzed preparation of biodiesel from Jatropha oil in a solvent free system.},
  journal = {Process Biochemistry},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {in press},
  pages = {in press},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6THB-4M2GGWN-3&_user=10&_coverDate=10%2F07%2F2006&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=12&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5278&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=389c4da11746e62a79f7e063fa899cf3}
}
      
Shah, S., Sharma, A. & Gupta, M. N. Preparation of cross-linked enzyme aggregates by using bovine serum albumin as a proteic feeder. 2006 Anal Biochem   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Addition of bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a proteic feeder facilitates obtaining cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEAs) in cases where the protein concentration in the enzyme preparation is low and/or the enzyme activity is vulnerable to the high concentration of glutaraldehyde required to obtain aggregates. CLEAs of Pseudomonas cepacia lipase and penicillin acylase were prepared. CLEA of lipase prepared in the presence of BSA retained 100 activity whereas CLEA prepared without BSA retained only 0.4 activity of the starting enzyme preparation. Lipase CLEA showed 12-fold increase in activity over free enzyme powder when the CLEA was used in transesterification of tributyrin. For the transesterification of Jatropha oil, while free enzyme powder required 8 h and 50 mg lipase to obtain 77 conversion, CLEA required only 6 h and 6.25 mg lipase to obtain 90 conversion. In the case of penicillin acylase, 86 activity could be retained in CLEA prepared with BSA whereas CLEA made without BSA retained only 50 activity. CLEA prepared without BSA lost 20 activity after 8 h at 45 degrees C whereas CLEA with BSA retained full activity. CLEA prepared with BSA showed Vmax/Km of 36.3 min-1 whereas CLEA prepared without BSA had Vmax/Km of 17.4 min-1 only. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed that CLEAs prepared in the presence of BSA were less amorphous and closer in morphology to CLEAs of other enzymes described in the literature.
BibTeX:
@article{Shah2006,
  author = {Shah, Shweta and Sharma, Aparna and Gupta, Munishwar N.},
  title = {Preparation of cross-linked enzyme aggregates by using bovine serum albumin as a proteic feeder.},
  journal = {Anal Biochem},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {351},
  number = {2},
  pages = {207--213},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16500610},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ab.2006.01.028}
}
      
Shah, S., Sharma, A. & Gupta, M. N. Extraction of oil from Jatropha curcas L. seed kernels by combination of ultrasonication and aqueous enzymatic oil extraction. 2005 Bioresour Technol   article DOIURL  
Abstract: Use of ultrasonication as a pretreatment before aqueous oil extraction and aqueous enzymatic oil extraction was found to be useful in the case of extraction of oil from the seeds of Jatropha curcas L. The use of ultrasonication for 10 min at pH 9.0 followed by aqueous oil extraction gave a yield of 67. However, the maximum yield of 74 was obtained by ultrasonication for 5 min followed by aqueous enzymatic oil extraction using an alkaline protease at pH 9.0. Use of ultrasonication also resulted in reducing the process time from 18 to 6 h.
BibTeX:
@article{Shah2005,
  author = {Shah, Shweta and Sharma, Aparna and Gupta, M. N.},
  title = {Extraction of oil from Jatropha curcas L. seed kernels by combination of ultrasonication and aqueous enzymatic oil extraction.},
  journal = {Bioresour Technol},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {96},
  number = {1},
  pages = {121--123},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15364090},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2004.02.026}
}
      
Shah, S., Sharma, S. & Gupta, M. N. Biodiesel Preparation by Lipase-Catalyzed Transesterification of Jatropha Oil 2004 Energy & Fuels   article URL  
Abstract: Abstract: Alkyl esters of long chain fatty acid are called biodiesel. These esters can be obtained from vegetable oils by transesterification with methanol/ethanol. The transesterification can be carried out chemically or enzymatically. In the present work three different lipases (Chromobacterium viscosum, Candida rugosa, and Porcine pancreas) were screened for a transesterification reaction of Jatropha oil in a solvent-free system to produce biodiesel; only lipase from Chromobacterium viscosum was found to give appreciable yield. Immobilization of lipase (Chromobacterium viscosum) on Celite-545 enhanced the biodiesel yield to 71% from 62% yield obtained by using free tuned enzyme preparation with a process time of 8 h at 40 C. Further addition of water to the free (1%, w v-1) and immobilized (0.5%, w v-1) enzyme preparations enhanced the yields to 73 and 92%, respectively. Immobilized Chromobacterium viscosum lipase can be used for ethanolysis of oil. It was seen that immobilization of lipases and optimization of transesterification conditions resulted in adequate yield of biodiesel in the case of the enzyme-based process.
BibTeX:
@article{Shah2004,
  author = {Shah, S. and Sharma, S. and Gupta, M. N.},
  title = {Biodiesel Preparation by Lipase-Catalyzed Transesterification of Jatropha Oil},
  journal = {Energy \& Fuels},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {18},
  number = {1},
  pages = {154-159},
  url = {http://pubs3.acs.org/acs/journals/doilookup?in_doi=10.1021/ef030075z}
}
      
Shanker, C. & Dhyani, S. K. Insect pests of Jatropha curcas L. and the potential for their management. 2006 Current Science   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Chitra2006,
  author = {Shanker, Chitra and Dhyani, S. K.},
  title = {Insect pests of Jatropha curcas L. and the potential for their management.},
  journal = {Current Science},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {91},
  pages = {162-163}
}
      
Sharma, G. D., Gupta, W. N. & Khabiruddin, M. Cultivation of Jatropha curcas as future source of hydrocarbon and other industrial products. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Sharma1997,
  author = {Sharma, G. D. and Gupta, W. N. and Khabiruddin, M.},
  title = {Cultivation of Jatropha curcas as future source of hydrocarbon and other industrial products.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {19-27}
}
      
Shelke, S. S., Jadhav, L. D. & Salunkhe, G. N. Ovipositional and adult repellent action of some vegetable oils/extracts against potato tuber moth 1985 J. Maharasthra Agric. Univ.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Shelke1985,
  author = {Shelke, S. S. and Jadhav, L. D. and Salunkhe, G. N.},
  title = {Ovipositional and adult repellent action of some vegetable oils/extracts against potato tuber moth},
  journal = {J. Maharasthra Agric. Univ.},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {10},
  number = {3},
  pages = {284-286}
}
      
Shetty, S., Udupa, S. L., Udupa, A. L. & Vollala, V. R. Wound healing activities of Bark Extract of Jatropha curcas Linn in albino rats. 2006 Saudi Med J   article URL  
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the wound-healing properties of crude bark extract of Jatropha curcas Linn in Wistar albino rats. METHODS: This work was carried out in the Department of Biochemistry, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India, in the year 2005. We divided the animals into 3 groups of 12 each. Group I was saline control without wound, group II was animals treated with JC extract in the dose of 2 ml/kg body weight with wound and group III was animals treated with 4 ml/kg body weight with wound. The wound healing parameters like wound breaking strength, epithelization period, percent wound contraction, granulation tissue breaking strength, granulation tissue dry weight, hydroxyproline level and histological features were assessed by using incision, excision and dead space wound models. RESULTS: The results obtained indicated that Jatropha curcas accelerates the healing process by increasing the skin breaking strength, granulation tissue breaking strength, wound contraction, dry granulation tissue weight and hydroxyproline levels. A significant decrease in epithelization period was also observed. The histopathological examination of granulation tissue showed much advanced phase of healing, with more collagen, which has organized to form bundles. CONCLUSION: The results of the study suggest that the crude bark extract of Jatropha curcas was very effective in accelerating wound healing process.
BibTeX:
@article{Shetty2006,
  author = {Shetty, Somashekar and Udupa, Saraswati L. and Udupa, Alaya L and Vollala, Venkata R.},
  title = {Wound healing activities of Bark Extract of Jatropha curcas Linn in albino rats.},
  journal = {Saudi Med J},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {27},
  number = {10},
  pages = {1473--1476},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17013466}
}
      
Siegel, A. Ueber die Giftstoffe zweier Euphorbiaceen 1893 School: Medicinal Faculty. Imperial University Dorpat.   phdthesis  
BibTeX:
@phdthesis{Siegel1893,
  author = {Siegel, A.},
  title = {Ueber die Giftstoffe zweier Euphorbiaceen},
  school = {Medicinal Faculty. Imperial University Dorpat.},
  year = {1893}
}
      
la Siles, M. C. d., Montoya, A., Wázquez, W. & Foidl, N. Planting J. curcas using bare roots. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Siles1997,
  author = {la Siles, M. C. de and Montoya, A. and Wázquez, W. and Foidl, N.},
  title = {Planting J. curcas using bare roots.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {28-30}
}
      
Silveira, J. C. d. Contribution à l’étude du Pulghère aux îles du Cap Vert. 1934 An. Inst. Super. Agron. (Lisboa)   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Silveira1934,
  author = {Silveira, J. C. da.},
  title = {Contribution à l’étude du Pulghère aux îles du Cap Vert.},
  journal = {An. Inst. Super. Agron. (Lisboa)},
  year = {1934},
  volume = {6},
  number = {1},
  pages = {116-126}
}
      
Singh, A. & Agarwal, R. A. Possibility of using latex of euphorbiales for snail control 1988 The Science of The Total Environment   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Singh1988,
  author = {Singh, Ajay and Agarwal, R. A.},
  title = {Possibility of using latex of euphorbiales for snail control},
  journal = {The Science of The Total Environment},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {77},
  number = {2-3},
  pages = {231-236},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V78-48YVYHX-13D&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F1988&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=101&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5836&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=fd8e103c0457e7db198a1d60893d2521}
}
      
Singh, D. & Singh, A. The toxicity of four native Indian plants: effect on AChE and acid/alkaline phosphatase level in fish Channa marulius. 2005 Chemosphere   article DOIURL  
Abstract: The latex of four plants viz. Euphorbia royleana, Jatropha gossypifolia (Euphorbiaceae), Nerium indicum and Thevetia peruviana (Apocynaceae) caused significant reduction in acid/alkaline phosphatase activity and anti-acetylcholinesterase activity in nervous tissue of freshwater air breathing fish Channa marulius. The reduction in the activity of both phosphatases and AChE were time as well as dose dependent.
BibTeX:
@article{Singh2005,
  author = {Singh,Digvijay and Singh, Ajay},
  title = {The toxicity of four native Indian plants: effect on AChE and acid/alkaline phosphatase level in fish Channa marulius.},
  journal = {Chemosphere},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {60},
  number = {1},
  pages = {135--140},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15910912},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.12.078}
}
      
Singh, D. & Singh, A. Piscicidal effect of some common plants of India commonly used in freshwater bodies against target animals. 2002 Chemosphere   article URL  
Abstract: Mortality caused by the aqueous extracts of leaf and stem bark of four plants belonging to family Euphorbiaceae and Apocynaceae against freshwater fish Channa punctatus has been reported. It was found that dilute aqueous solutions of leaf and stem bark were active in killing the fishes. The toxic effect of stem bark of all the plants were time as well as dose dependent. There was significant negative correlation between LC50 and exposure periods. Thus, the LC50 values of stem bark extracts of Euphorbia royleana, Jatropha gossypifolia, Nerium indicum and Thevelia peruviana were decreased from 0.050 g/l (24 h) > to 0.020 g/l (96 h); 4.61 g/l (24 h) > to 4.34 g/l (96 h); 0.097 g/l (24 h) > to 0.041 g/l (96 h) and 4.05 g/l (24 h) > to 3.17 g/l (96 h), respectively. It has been suggested that these plant products cannot be used directly in freshwater bodies, without their detailed studies on long-term effects on non-target organism as well their structure activity relationship.
BibTeX:
@article{Singh2002,
  author = {Singh,Digvijay and Singh, Ajay},
  title = {Piscicidal effect of some common plants of India commonly used in freshwater bodies against target animals.},
  journal = {Chemosphere},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {49},
  number = {1},
  pages = {45--49},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12243329}
}
      
Singh, D. & Singh, A. Biochemical alteration in freshwater fish Channa punctatus due to latices of Euphorbia royleana and Jatropha gossypifolia 2002 Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{SinghOctober2002,
  author = {Singh, D. and Singh, A.},
  title = {Biochemical alteration in freshwater fish Channa punctatus due to latices of Euphorbia royleana and Jatropha gossypifolia},
  journal = {Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {12},
  pages = {129--136},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/13826689/2002/00000012/00000003/art00016''doi}
}
      
Singh, R. P. Structure and development of seeds in Euphorbiaceae, Jatropha species 1970 Beitr. Biol. Pflanz.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Singh1970,
  author = {Singh, R. P.},
  title = {Structure and development of seeds in Euphorbiaceae, Jatropha species},
  journal = {Beitr. Biol. Pflanz.},
  year = {1970},
  volume = {47},
  pages = {79-90}
}
      
Singh, V. Utilization of medicinal plants for wasteland. 2000 Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Singh2000,
  author = {Singh, V.},
  title = {Utilization of medicinal plants for wasteland.},
  journal = {Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {24},
  number = {1},
  pages = {99-103},
  note = {Author address: Shree Baidyanath Ayurved Bhawan Ltd., Baidyanath Bhawan Road, Patna, 800 001, India}
}
      
Solsoloy, A. D. Pesticidal efficacy of the formulated physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. oil on pests of selected field crops. 1995 Philipp. J. Sci.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Solsoloy1995,
  author = {Solsoloy, A. D.},
  title = {Pesticidal efficacy of the formulated physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. oil on pests of selected field crops.},
  journal = {Philipp. J. Sci.},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {124},
  number = {1},
  pages = {59-74}
}
      
Solsoloy, A. D. Insecticidal activity of the formulated product and aqueous extract from physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. seed kernel oil on cotton insect pests. 1993 Cotton Res. J.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Solsoloy1993,
  author = {Solsoloy, A. D.},
  title = {Insecticidal activity of the formulated product and aqueous extract from physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. seed kernel oil on cotton insect pests.},
  journal = {Cotton Res. J.},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {6},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {28-34}
}
      
Solsoloy, A. D., Dumlao, N. A. & Solsoloy, T. S. Insecticidal activity of indigenous plant extracts against bollworms (Helicoverpa armigera Hubn.) 1987   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{Solsoloy1987,
  author = {Solsoloy, A. D. and Dumlao, N. A. and Solsoloy, T. S.},
  title = {Insecticidal activity of indigenous plant extracts against bollworms (Helicoverpa armigera Hubn.)},
  year = {1987}
}
      
Solsoy, A. D. & Solsoloy, T. S. Pesticidal efficacy of formulated J. curcas oil on pests of selected field crops. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Solsoy1997,
  author = {Solsoy, A. D. and Solsoloy, T. S.},
  title = {Pesticidal efficacy of formulated J. curcas oil on pests of selected field crops.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {216-227}
}
      
Srivastava, M., Banerji, R., Rawat, A. K. S. & Mehrotra, S. Fatty acid composition of some medicinally useful seeds. 2006 J Herb Pharmacother   article URL  
Abstract: Fatty acid composition of seeds from the fruits of Butea monosperma, jatropha glandulifera and Portulaca oleracea of three different families, namely Papilionaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Portulaceae were determined through Gas Liquid Chromatography to find novel natural sources of essential fatty acids for human health and of economic interest. Comparative studies were also performed to ascertain the utilization of each species for domestic as well as industrial purpose and the quality parameters developed can be utilized as marker characters for the aforesaid seeds used by the pharmaceutical industries.
BibTeX:
@article{Srivastava2006,
  author = {Srivastava,Manjoosha and Banerji, Ranjan and Rawat, A. K. S. and Mehrotra, Shanta},
  title = {Fatty acid composition of some medicinally useful seeds.},
  journal = {J Herb Pharmacother},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {6},
  number = {1},
  pages = {41--47},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17135159}
}
      
Sseruwagi, P., Maruthi, M. N., Colvin, J., Rey, M. E. C., Brown, J. K. & Legg, J. P. Colonization of non-cassava plant species by cassava whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) in Uganda 2006 Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{SseruwagiMay2006,
  author = {Sseruwagi, P. and Maruthi, M. N. and Colvin, J. and Rey, M. E. C. and Brown, J. K. and Legg, J. P.},
  title = {Colonization of non-cassava plant species by cassava whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) in Uganda},
  journal = {Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {119},
  pages = {145--153},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/eea/2006/00000119/00000002/art00008''doi}
}
      
Staubmann, R., Foidl, G. & et al. Biogas production from Jatropha curcas press-cake. 1997 Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Staubmann1997,
  author = {Staubmann, R. and Foidl, G. and et al.},
  title = {Biogas production from Jatropha curcas press-cake.},
  journal = {Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {63-65},
  pages = {457-467}
}
      
Staubmann, R., Foidl, G., Foidl, N., Gübitz, G. M., Lafferty, R. M., Arbizu, V. M. V. & Steiner, W. Produciton of biogas from J. curcas seeds press cake. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Staubmann1997b,
  author = {Staubmann, R. and Foidl, G. and Foidl, N. and Gübitz, G. M. and Lafferty, R. M. and Arbizu, V. M. Valencia and Steiner, W.},
  title = {Produciton of biogas from J. curcas seeds press cake.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {123-131}
}
      
Staubmann, R., Ncube, I., Gübitz, G. M., Steiner, W. & Read, J. S. Esterase and lipase activity in Jatropha curcas L. seeds. 1999 J Biotechnol   article URL  
Abstract: Two new esterases (JEA and JEB) and a lipase (JL) were extracted from the seeds of Jatropha curas L. Lipase activity was only found during germination of the seeds and increased to a maximum after 4 days of germination. All enzymes were found to be most active in the alkaline range at around pH 8 and the purified (fractionated precipitation with ethanol and gel filtration) esterases were very stable at high temperatures. The molecular weight (SDS-PAGE) of both esterases was determined to be 21.6-23.5 kDa (JEA) and 30.2 kDa (JEB) and the isoelectric point was 5.7-6.1 for esterase JEA and 9.0 for esterase JEB. Most ions caused a negative influence on the activity of both esterases. Using p-nitrophenyl butyrate as a substrate JEA showed a K(m) of 0.02 mM and a v(max) of 0.26 micromol mg(-1) min(-1). Under the same conditions JEB showed a K(m) of 0.07 mM and a v(max) of 0.24 micromol mg(-1) min(-1). Both esterases hydrolyzed tributyrin, nitrophenyl esters up to a chain length of =C4 and naphtylesters up to a chain length =C6. In transesterification reactions, JL was found to be most active at very low water activities (0.2) and in high water activities, the lipase hydrolysed triglycerides into conversions above 80. The lipase hydrolysed both short chain and long chain triglycerides at about the same rate but was inactive on alpha-methylbenzyl acetate. JL is a potentially useful biocatalyst in the hydrolysis of triglycerides in organic solvents.
BibTeX:
@article{Staubmann1999,
  author = {Staubmann, R. and Ncube, I. and Gübitz, G. M. and Steiner, W. and Read, J. S.},
  title = {Esterase and lipase activity in Jatropha curcas L. seeds.},
  journal = {J Biotechnol},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {75},
  number = {2-3},
  pages = {117--126},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/01681656/1999/00000075/00000002/art00151''doi}
}
      
Staubmann, R., Schubert-Zsilavecz, M., Hiermann, A. & Kartnig, T. A complex of 5-hydroxypyrrolidin-2-one and pyrimidine-2,4-dione isolated from Jatropha curcas 1999 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Staubmann26January1999,
  author = {Staubmann, R. and Schubert-Zsilavecz, M. and Hiermann, A. and Kartnig, T.},
  title = {A complex of 5-hydroxypyrrolidin-2-one and pyrimidine-2,4-dione isolated from Jatropha curcas},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {50},
  pages = {337--338},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00319422/1999/00000050/00000002/art00531''doi}
}
      
Staubmann, R., Schubert-Zsilavecz, M., Hiermann, A. & Kartnig, T. The anti-inflammatory effect of J. curcas leaves. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Staubmann1997a,
  author = {Staubmann, R. and Schubert-Zsilavecz, M. and Hiermann, A. and Kartnig, T.},
  title = {The anti-inflammatory effect of J. curcas leaves.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {60-64}
}
      
Stiripe, F., Pession-Brizzi, A., Lorenzoni, E., Strocchi, P., Montanaro, L. & Sperti, S. Studies on the proteins from the seeds of Croton tiglium and of Jatropha curcas. Toxic properties and inhibition of protein synthesis in vitro. 1976 Biochem J   article URL  
Abstract: 1. Proteins extracted from the seeds of the Euphorbiaceae croton tiglium and Jatropha curcas were separated into three major peaks (I,II,and III) by Sephadex chromatography. 2. The crude protein from both seeds and peaks I and II from Croton and peak I from Jatropha were toxic to mice, to different extents. 3. The crude protein and peak I and peak II from both seeds, inhibited protein synthesis by a reticulocyte lysate; maximum inhibition was exerted by peak II from both seeds. None of these preparations affected protein synthesis in vitro by Ehrlich ascites cells.
BibTeX:
@article{Stirpe1976,
  author = {Stiripe, F. and Pession-Brizzi, A. and Lorenzoni, E. and Strocchi, P. and Montanaro, L. and Sperti, S.},
  title = {Studies on the proteins from the seeds of Croton tiglium and of Jatropha curcas. Toxic properties and inhibition of protein synthesis in vitro.},
  journal = {Biochem J},
  year = {1976},
  volume = {156},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1--6},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=942394}
}
      
Subramanian, S. S., Nagarajan, S. & Sulochana, N. Flavonoids of some euphorbiaceous plants 1971 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Subramanian1971,
  author = {Subramanian, S. Sankara and Nagarajan, S. and Sulochana, N.},
  title = {Flavonoids of some euphorbiaceous plants},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1971},
  volume = {10},
  number = {10},
  pages = {2548-2549},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-42JJV2T-1K&_user=10&_coverDate=10%2F31%2F1971&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=119&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=aedad8b4bd41964d6e5424c3e03a1d55}
}
      
Subramanian, S. S., Nagarajan, S. & Sulochana, N. Flavonoids of the leaves of Jatropha gossypifolia 1971 Phytochemistry   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Subramanian1971a,
  author = {Subramanian, S. Sankara and Nagarajan, S. and Sulochana, N.},
  title = {Flavonoids of the leaves of Jatropha gossypifolia},
  journal = {Phytochemistry},
  year = {1971},
  volume = {10},
  number = {7},
  pages = {1690},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TH7-42WPV50-HV&_user=10&_coverDate=07%2F31%2F1971&_alid=539513850&_rdoc=120&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=5275&_sort=d&_st=13&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=122&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=6d7e55091faa9b64ba76f4ddf40e1cb4}
}
      
Sujatha, M. & Dhingra, M. Rapid plant regeneration from various explants of Jatropha integerrima 1993 Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture   article URL  
Abstract: A simple, rapid and reproducible protocol for direct shoot regeneration from different explants of Jatropha integerrima was developed. Prolific adventitious shoot bud initiation was obtained using a combination of 2.2 or 4.4 mgrM benzyladenine and 4.9 mgrM indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). Reduction of IBA concentration (2.5 mgrM) promoted further development of shoots. Regenerated shoots rooted readily on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium lacking growth regulators. Plantlets were acclimatized and successfully transferred to pots.
BibTeX:
@article{Sujatha1993,
  author = {Sujatha, M. and Dhingra, Mukta},
  title = {Rapid plant regeneration from various explants of Jatropha integerrima},
  journal = {Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {35},
  pages = {293--296},
  note = {10.1007/BF00037284},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00037284}
}
      
Sujatha, M., Makkar, H. P. S. & Becker, K. Shoot Bud Proliferation from Axillary Nodes and Leaf Sections of Non-toxic Jatropha curcas L. 2005 Plant Growth Regulation   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{SujathaSeptember2005,
  author = {Sujatha, M. and Makkar, H. P. S. and Becker, K.},
  title = {Shoot Bud Proliferation from Axillary Nodes and Leaf Sections of Non-toxic Jatropha curcas L.},
  journal = {Plant Growth Regulation},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {47},
  pages = {83--90},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/grow/2005/00000047/00000001/00000859''doi}
}
      
Sujatha, M. & Mukta, N. Morphogenesis and plant regeneration from tissue cultures of Jatropha curcas. 1996 Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture   article DOI  
Abstract: Techniques for the regeneration of Jatropha curcas L. from various explants have been developed. Regeneration from hypocotyl, petiole and leaf explants was evaluated on a range of concentrations of zeatin, kinetin and N6 benzyladenine (BA) either singly or in combination with indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). Higher regeneration from hypocotyl and petiole explants was obtained on BA with IBA than on zeatin- or kinetin-supplemented media. Leaf discs from the third expanding leaf exhibited higher regeneration potential than those from the fourth leaf. Independent of the explant type, direct adventitious shoot bud induction was recorded highest on MS medium with 2.22 mgrM BA and 4.9 mgrM IBA. Although the same BA concentration but with reduced IBA concentration (0.49 mgrM) proved effective in callus mediated regeneration from hypocotyl and leaf explants, the petioles required lower concentrations of the two growth regulators (0.44 mgrM BA and 0.49 mgrM IBA). Regenerated shoots could be rooted on growth regulator-free gelled full-strength MS medium. Following simple hardening procedures, the in vitro-raised plants could be transferred to soil and grown to maturity in the field.
BibTeX:
@article{Sujatha1996,
  author = {Sujatha, M. and Mukta, N.},
  title = {Morphogenesis and plant regeneration from tissue cultures of Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {44},
  number = {2},
  pages = {135-141},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00048191}
}
      
Sujatha, M. & Prabakaran, A. J. New ornamental Jatropha hybrids through interspecific hybridization 2003 Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{SujathaFebruary2003,
  author = {Sujatha, M. and Prabakaran, A. J.},
  title = {New ornamental Jatropha hybrids through interspecific hybridization},
  journal = {Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {50},
  pages = {75--82},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/gres/2003/00000050/00000001/05097820}
}
      
Sujatha, M., Sivaraj, N. & Prasad, M. S. Biochemical and Histological Changes during In Vitro Organogenesis in Jatropha Integerrima 2000 Biologia Plantarum   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{SujathaAugust2000,
  author = {Sujatha, M. and Sivaraj, N. and Prasad, M. S.},
  title = {Biochemical and Histological Changes during In Vitro Organogenesis in Jatropha Integerrima},
  journal = {Biologia Plantarum},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {43},
  pages = {167--171},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/biop/2000/00000043/00000002/00273986}
}
      
Sutthivaiyakit, S., Mongkolvisut, W., Ponsitipiboon, P., Prabpai, S., Kongsaeree, P., Ruchirawat, S. & Mahidol, C. A novel 8,9-seco-rhamnofolane and a new rhamnofolane endoperoxide from Jatropha integerrima roots 2003 Tetrahedron Letters   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Sutthivaiyakit28April2003,
  author = {Sutthivaiyakit, S. and Mongkolvisut, W. and Ponsitipiboon, P. and Prabpai, S. and Kongsaeree, P. and Ruchirawat, S. and Mahidol, C.},
  title = {A novel 8,9-seco-rhamnofolane and a new rhamnofolane endoperoxide from Jatropha integerrima roots},
  journal = {Tetrahedron Letters},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {44},
  pages = {3637--3640},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00404039/2003/00000044/00000018/art00704''doi}
}
      
Sánchez-Medina, A., García-Sosa, K., May-Pat, F. & Peña-Rodríguez, L. M. Evaluation of biological activity of crude extracts from plants used in Yucatecan traditional medicine part I. Antioxidant, antimicrobial and beta-glucosidase inhibition activities. 2001 Phytomedicine   article URL  
Abstract: Bioactivity of extracts from leaves, stems and roots of twelve plants commonly used in Yucatecan traditional medicine were evaluated in four bioassays. Crude extracts from ten plants showed significant activity in the inhibition of bleaching of beta-carotene assay, while thirteen extracts showed activity in the reduction of 2, 2- diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) assay. In the antimicrobial bioassay, the major activity was presented by the root extract of Jatropha gaumeri and in the beta-glucosidase inhibition activity assay the strongest activity was observed in the stem and root extracts of Solanum hirtum.
BibTeX:
@article{Sanchez-Medina2001,
  author = {Sánchez-Medina, A. and García-Sosa, K. and May-Pat, F. and Peña-Rodríguez, L. M.},
  title = {Evaluation of biological activity of crude extracts from plants used in Yucatecan traditional medicine part I. Antioxidant, antimicrobial and beta-glucosidase inhibition activities.},
  journal = {Phytomedicine},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {8},
  number = {2},
  pages = {144--151},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=11315758}
}
      
Takeda, Y. Development study on Jatropha curcas (sabu dum) oil as a substitute for diesel engine oil in Thailand 1982 J. Agric. Assoc. China   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Takeda1982,
  author = {Takeda, Y.},
  title = {Development study on Jatropha curcas (sabu dum) oil as a substitute for diesel engine oil in Thailand},
  journal = {J. Agric. Assoc. China},
  year = {1982},
  volume = {120},
  pages = {1-8}
}
      
Tang, M., Sun, J., Liu, Y., Chen, F. & Shen, S. Isolation and functional characterization of the JcERF gene, a putative AP2/EREBP domain-containing transcription factor, in the woody oil plant Jatropha curcas. 2007 Plant Mol Biol   article DOIURL  
Abstract: A cDNA clone, named JcERF, was isolated from Jatropha curcas seedlings (a woody oil plant). It was classified as an ERF subfamily member based on multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic characterization. The deduced amino acid sequences of the JcERF clone showed no significant sequence similarity with other known ERF proteins except for the conserved AP2/EREBP DNA-binding domain. Expression of the JcERF gene was rapidly induced upon salinity, drought, ethylene and mechanical wounding treatments. No significant changes in the JcERF expression were observed under ABA stress. Gel retardation assay revealed that the JcERF protein could bind specifically to the GCC box as well as to the C/DRE motif. Also it can be inferred from the gel-shift that there is a possibility that the near sequence of the GCC box has an important effect on the DNA-binding activity. In yeast, the JcERF protein specifically bound to the DRE sequence and activated the transcription of two reporter genes His3 and LacZ driven by the DRE sequence. When fused to the LexA DNA-binding domain, the full-length JcERF functioned effectively as a trans-activator in the yeast one-hybrid assay. Overexpression of JcERF cDNA in transgenic Arabidopsis enhanced the salt and freezing tolerance. Meanwhile the seed germination of JcERF transgenic plants was not affected by various concentrations ABA in MS medium. Taken together, the results showed that JcERF functioned as a novel transcription factor and it exhibited a mechanism of plant response to environmental factors like the other AP2/EREBP regulons that also exist in tropical woody plants.
BibTeX:
@article{Tang2007,
  author = {Tang, Mingjuan and Sun, Jingwen and Liu, Yun and Chen, Fan and Shen, Shihua},
  title = {Isolation and functional characterization of the JcERF gene, a putative AP2/EREBP domain-containing transcription factor, in the woody oil plant Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Plant Mol Biol},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {63},
  number = {3},
  pages = {419--428},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-006-9098-7},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-006-9098-7}
}
      
Teixeira, J. P. F. Content and chemical composition of the Jatropha spp. seed oil. 1987 Bragantia   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Teixeira1987,
  author = {Teixeira, J. P. F.},
  title = {Content and chemical composition of the Jatropha spp. seed oil.},
  journal = {Bragantia},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {46},
  number = {1},
  pages = {151-157}
}
      
Tequida-Meneses, M., Cortez-Rocha, M., Rosas-Burgos, E. C., López-Sandoval, S. & Corrales-Maldonado, C. [Effect of alcoholic extracts of wild plants on the inhibition of growth of Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillium chrysogenum, Penicillium expansum, Fusarium moniliforme and Fusarium poae moulds] 2002 Rev Iberoam Micol   article URL  
Abstract: Fungicidal activity of wild plants Larrea tridentata, Karwinskia humboldtiana, Ricinus communis, Eucalyptus globulus, Ambrosia ambrosioides, Nicotiana glauca, Ambrosia confertiflora, Datura discolor, Baccharis glutinosa, Proboscidea parviflora, Solanum rostratum, Jatropha cinerea, Salpianthus macrodonthus y Sarcostemma cynanchoides was evaluated against the moulds species Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillium chrysogenum, Penicillium expansum, Fusarium poae y Fusarium moniliforme moulds species. Alcoholic extracts 6 (w/v) were prepared using six grams of dried plant powders (leaves and stems) and alcohol (70 ethanol or 70 methanol). A spore suspension (1x10(6); ufc/ml) of each mould was prepared by adding saline solution (0.85) and 0.1 tween 80. The extracts were mixed with Czapeck yeast agar (CYA) at 45-50 degrees C in 1:10 relation on Petri dishes. Triplicate Petri dishes of each treatment and for each mould were centrally inoculated and three Petri dishes were used without treatment as controls. The inoculated dishes and controls were incubated at 25 +/- 2 degrees C for eight days. The incubated dishes were examined each 48 h and after the colony diameter (radial growth) was measured. Two mould species were controlled by L. tridentata, B. glutinosa and P. parviflora. Extracts of L. tridentata in methanol or ethanol at 41.5-100 inhibited all six species of moulds.
BibTeX:
@article{Tequida-Meneses2002,
  author = {Tequida-Meneses, Martín and Cortez-Rocha, Mario and Rosas-Burgos, Ema Carina and López-Sandoval, Susana and Corrales-Maldonado, Consuelo},
  title = {[Effect of alcoholic extracts of wild plants on the inhibition of growth of Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillium chrysogenum, Penicillium expansum, Fusarium moniliforme and Fusarium poae moulds]},
  journal = {Rev Iberoam Micol},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {19},
  number = {2},
  pages = {84--88},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12828509}
}
      
Tezara, W., Fernandez, M. D., Donoso, C. & Herrera, A. Seasonal Changes in Photosynthesis and Stomatal Conductance of Five Plant Species from a Semiarid Ecosystem 1998 Photosynthetica   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Tezara1998,
  author = {Tezara, W. and Fernandez, M. D. and Donoso, C. and Herrera, A.},
  title = {Seasonal Changes in Photosynthesis and Stomatal Conductance of Five Plant Species from a Semiarid Ecosystem},
  journal = {Photosynthetica},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {35},
  pages = {399--410},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/phot/1998/00000035/00000003/00189269}
}
      
Tezara, W., Marin, O., Rengifo, E., Martinez, D. & Herrera, A. Photosynthesis and photoinhibition in two xerophytic shrubs during drought 2005 Photosynthetica   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{TezaraMarch2005,
  author = {Tezara, W. and Marin, O. and Rengifo, E. and Martinez, D. and Herrera, A.},
  title = {Photosynthesis and photoinhibition in two xerophytic shrubs during drought},
  journal = {Photosynthetica},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {43},
  pages = {37--45},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/phot/2005/00000043/00000001/00007045''doi}
}
      
Thangavelu, R., Sundararaju, P. & Sathiamoorthy, S. Management of anthracnose disease of banana caused by Colletotrichum musae using plant extracts 2004 The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{THANGAVELUJuly2004,
  author = {Thangavelu, R. and Sundararaju, P. and Sathiamoorthy, S.},
  title = {Management of anthracnose disease of banana caused by Colletotrichum musae using plant extracts},
  journal = {The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {79},
  pages = {664--668},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/jhsb/jhsb/2004/00000079/00000004/art00027}
}
      
Thebtaranonth, Y. Scientific aspects of traditional usage of bioresources. 1999 Journal of Natural Toxins   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Thebtaranonth1999,
  author = {Thebtaranonth, Y.},
  title = {Scientific aspects of traditional usage of bioresources.},
  journal = {Journal of Natural Toxins},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {8},
  number = {2},
  pages = {279-284},
  note = {Author address: Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand}
}
      
Thomas, O. O. Re-examination of the antimicrobial activities of Xylopia aethiopica, Carica papaya, Ocimum gratissimum and Jatropha curcas. 1989 Fitoterapia   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Thomas1989,
  author = {Thomas, O. O.},
  title = {Re-examination of the antimicrobial activities of Xylopia aethiopica, Carica papaya, Ocimum gratissimum and Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Fitoterapia},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {60},
  number = {2},
  pages = {147-156}
}
      
Tong, L., Shu-Ming, P., Wu-Yuan, D., Dan-Wei, M., Ying, X., Meng, X. & Fang, C. Characterization of a new stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase gene from Jatropha curcas. 2006 Biotechnol Lett   article DOIURL  
Abstract: A new full-length cDNA of stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase was obtained by RT-PCR and RACE techniques from developing seeds of Jatropha curcas. Sequence alignment showed that its deduced amino acid sequence had high similarity with other stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturases. The gene was functionally expressed in E. coli and the desaturating activity of recombinant protein was easily detected when assayed in vitro with added spinach ferredoxin. Southern blot analysis indicated that the gene was a member of a small gene family. Northern blot analysis revealed it was highly expressed in developing fruits of J. curcas.
BibTeX:
@article{Tong2006,
  author = {Tong, Luo and Shu-Ming, Peng and Wu-Yuan, Deng and Dan-Wei, Ma and Ying, Xu and Meng, Xiao and Fang, Chen},
  title = {Characterization of a new stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase gene from Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Biotechnol Lett},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {28},
  number = {9},
  pages = {657--662},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16642305},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10529-006-0034-3}
}
      
Torrance, S. J., Wiedhopf, R. M. & Cole, J. R. Antitumor agents from Jatropha macrorhiza (Euphorbiaceae) III: acetylaleuritolic acid. 1977 J Pharm Sci   article URL  
Abstract: The triterpene acetylaleuritolic acid was isolated from Jatropha macrorhiza (Euphorbiaceae) and showed tumor-inhibitory properties toward the P-388 lymphocytic leukemia test system. The compound was identified by means of IR, PMR, and mass spectrometry and by its transformation into the known methyl acetyloleanolate.
BibTeX:
@article{Torrance1977,
  author = {Torrance, S. J. and Wiedhopf, R. M. and Cole, J. R.},
  title = {Antitumor agents from Jatropha macrorhiza (Euphorbiaceae) III: acetylaleuritolic acid.},
  journal = {J Pharm Sci},
  year = {1977},
  volume = {66},
  number = {9},
  pages = {1348--1349},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=903883}
}
      
Torrance, S. J., Wiedhopf, R. M., Cole, J. R., Arora, S. K., Bates, R. B., Beavers, W. A. & Cutler, R. S. Antitumor agents from Jatropha macrorhiza (Euphorbiaceae). II. Isolation and characterization of jatrophatrione. 1976 J Org Chem   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Torrance1976,
  author = {Torrance, S. J. and Wiedhopf, R. M. and Cole, J. R. and Arora, S. K. and Bates, R. B. and Beavers, W. A. and Cutler, R. S.},
  title = {Antitumor agents from Jatropha macrorhiza (Euphorbiaceae). II. Isolation and characterization of jatrophatrione.},
  journal = {J Org Chem},
  year = {1976},
  volume = {41},
  number = {10},
  pages = {1855--1857},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=1262992}
}
      
Trabi, M., Gübitz, G. M., Steiner, W. & Foidl, N. Fermentation of Jatropha curcas seeds and press cake with Rhizopus oryzae. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Trabi1997,
  author = {Trabi, M. and Gübitz, G. M. and Steiner, W. and Foidl, N.},
  title = {Fermentation of Jatropha curcas seeds and press cake with Rhizopus oryzae.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {200-210}
}
      
Travi, M., Bübitz, G. M., Steiner, W. & Foidl, N. Toxicity of Jatropha curcas seeds. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Travi1997,
  author = {Travi, M. and Bübitz, G. M. and Steiner, W. and Foidl, N.},
  title = {Toxicity of Jatropha curcas seeds.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {173-179}
}
      
Vaitilingom, G. & Liennard, A. Various vegetable oils as fuel for diesel and burners: J. curcas particularities. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Vaitilingom1997,
  author = {Vaitilingom, G. and Liennard, A.},
  title = {Various vegetable oils as fuel for diesel and burners: J. curcas particularities.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {98-109}
}
      
Vale, J. d. R., Czeczko, N. G., Aquino, J. U., Ribas-Filho, J. M., Bettega, L., de Vasconcelos, P. R. L., Neto, M. A. C., Nassif, P. A. N., Mazza, M. & Henriques, G. S. Comparative study of the healing process of gastrorrhaphies with and without the use of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (bellyache bush) extract in rats. 2006 Acta Cir Bras   article  
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The healing process of the gastrointestinal tract is of huge importance in the surgical field history, as well as the search for appropriate types of threads and suture techniques and the many factors that influence it. The use of phytotherapic drugs as accelerators of the healing process has been done for many years and is one of the current objectives of scientific researches trying to prove its therapeutic properties. PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. extract on the healing process of gastrorraphies in rats. METHODS: Forty wistar male rats were divided in 2 groups of 20 rats, named control and Jatropha groups. Ten animals of each group were killed in the third day post-surgery and were named control and Jatropha groups of the 3rd day. The remaining 10 animals of each group were killed in the seventh day and were named accordingly for the 7th day. In each animal, gastrostomy and gastrorraphy were performed in a single plane using polypropylene thread 6-0 (Prolene). The animals from the Jatropha group were given a single dose of 200 mg/kg of the Jatropha gossypiifolia L. extract intraperitoneally on the same day of the procedure and the ones from the control group were given the same quantity in milliliters (ml), but of saline solution (sodium chloride 0.9). The following parameters were evaluated: 1) macroscopic alterations; 2) the suture's resistance to atmospheric air insufflation (pressure of rupture); 3) histologic characteristics. RESULTS: No animal died during the clinical follow-up and optimal healing of the abdominal wall was seen without any signs of infection, dehiscence, abscesses or peritonitis. Healing of the serous surface was considered good in all animals, without occurrence of fistulas; however, intraperitoneal adhesions occurred in 7 rats of the sub-group control and 9 of the sub-group Jatropha on the 3rd day post-operative and in 9 of the sub-group control and 8 of the sub-group Jatropha on the 7th day, but the differences were not statistically significant between the groups. Healing of the mucous surface was classified as good in all the animals. The resistance of the gastrorraphies to the atmospheric air insufflation showed statistically significant increase of the rupture pressure in the Jatropha group during the 3rd day of observation. Histologic evaluation showed differences that were statistically significant, considered the criteria, as well as reduced acute inflammatory reaction and better coaptation of the edges in the sub-group Jatropha of 7th post-surgery, when comparet to the sub-group control of the same period. CONCLUSION: The raw extract of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. aids the healing on the 3rd day post-surgery, concerning the enhanced resistance of the gastrorraphies to pressure of rupture, and on the 7th day, presenting better coaptation of the edges and reducing acute inflammatory reaction by microscopic analyses.
BibTeX:
@article{Ribamar2006,
  author = {Vale, José de Ribamar and Czeczko, Nicolau Gregori and Aquino, José Ulcijara and Ribas-Filho, Jurandir Marcondes and Bettega, Luciano and de Vasconcelos, Paulo Roberto Leitão and Neto, Mario Adolfo Correa and Nassif, Paulo Afonso Nunes and Mazza, Marcelo and Henriques, Gilberto Simeone},
  title = {Comparative study of the healing process of gastrorrhaphies with and without the use of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (bellyache bush) extract in rats.},
  journal = {Acta Cir Bras},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {21},
  pages = {40--48}
}
      
Valente, C., Ferreira, M. J., Abreu, P. M., Gyémánt, N., Ugocsai, K., Hohmann, J. & Molnár, J. Pubescenes, jatrophane diterpenes, from Euphorbia pubescens, with multidrug resistance reversing activity on mouse lymphoma cells. 2004 Planta Med   article DOIURL  
Abstract: The macrocyclic jatrophane diterpene polyesters, pubescenes A - D ( 1 - 4) were isolated from the whole dried plant of Euphorbia pubescens, and evaluated for multidrug resistance (MDR) reversing activity on mouse lymphoma cells. All the compounds displayed very strong activity compared with the positive control verapamil. Pubescene D ( 4) is a new compound, whose structure was established as 3beta,9alpha,-diacetoxy-7beta-benzoyloxy-15beta-hydroxy-14-oxo-2beta H-jatropha-5 E,12 E-diene by spectroscopic methods, including (1)H- (1)H COSY, HMQC, HMBC and NOESY.
BibTeX:
@article{Valente2004a,
  author = {Valente, Cláudia and Ferreira, Maria José and Abreu, Pedro M. and Gyémánt, Nora and Ugocsai, Katalin and Hohmann, Judit and Molnár, Joseph},
  title = {Pubescenes, jatrophane diterpenes, from Euphorbia pubescens, with multidrug resistance reversing activity on mouse lymphoma cells.},
  journal = {Planta Med},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {70},
  number = {1},
  pages = {81--84},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=14765302},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2004-815464}
}
      
Valente, C., Pedro, M., Ascenso, J. R., Abreu, P. M., Nascimento, M. S. & Ferreira, M. U. Euphopubescenol and euphopubescene, two new jatrophane polyesters, and lathyrane-type diterpenes from Euphorbia pubescens. 2004 Planta Med   article DOIURL  
Abstract: The structures of euphopubescenol and euphopubescene, two new macrocyclic jatrophane diterpene polyesters, isolated from the whole dried plant of Euphorbia pubescens, were established as 5alpha,8alpha,15beta-triacetoxy-3alpha-benzoyloxy -4alpha-hydroxy -9,14-dioxo-13beta H-jatropha-6(17),11 E-diene ( 1) and 3beta,7beta,8beta,9alpha,14alpha,15beta-hexaacetoxy-2beta H-jatropha-5 E,11 E-diene ( 2) by 1D- and 2D-NMR (COSY, HMQC, HMBC and NOESY), IR, EI-MS and EI-FTICR-MS. Two known lathyrane derivatives, jolkinol A ( 3) and jolkinol A ( 4), whose (13)C-NMR spectra were assigned, were also isolated. Compounds 1 - 3 have been evaluated for their ability to inhibit the in vitro growth of three human tumour cell lines representing different tumour types, MCF-7 (breast adenocarcinoma), NCI-H460 (non-small cell lung cancer) and SF-268 (CNS cancer). They inhibited both MCF-7 and NCI-H460 cell lines, with GI50 values ranging between 40.9 microM and 95.3 microM, but were found to be ineffective as growth inhibitors of the SF-268 cell line.
BibTeX:
@article{Valente2004,
  author = {Valente, Cláudia and Pedro, Madalena and Ascenso, José R and Abreu, Pedro M. and Nascimento, Maria São and Ferreira, Maria-José U.},
  title = {Euphopubescenol and euphopubescene, two new jatrophane polyesters, and lathyrane-type diterpenes from Euphorbia pubescens.},
  journal = {Planta Med},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {70},
  number = {3},
  pages = {244--249},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15114502},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2004-815542}
}
      
Villarreal, A. M., Dominguez, X. A., Williams, H. J., Scott, A. I. & Reibenspies, J. Citlalitrione, a new diterpene from Jatropha dioica var. sessiliflora. 1988 J Nat Prod   article URL  
Abstract: Solvent partitioning and column chromatography of MeOH root extracts of Jatropha dioica yielded four pure compounds, beta-sitosterol, jatropholone B, a previously unknown diterpene epoxytrione given the trivial name citlalitrione, and riolozatrione. Structures were determined using physical and spectral techniques and X-ray crystallography.
BibTeX:
@article{Villarreal1988,
  author = {Villarreal, A. M. and Dominguez, X. A. and Williams, H. J. and Scott, A. I. and Reibenspies, J.},
  title = {Citlalitrione, a new diterpene from Jatropha dioica var. sessiliflora.},
  journal = {J Nat Prod},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {51},
  number = {4},
  pages = {749--753},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=3210021}
}
      
Villegas, L. F., Fernández, I. D., Maldonado, H., Torres, R., Zavaleta, A., Vaisberg, A. J. & Hammond, G. B. Evaluation of the wound-healing activity of selected traditional medicinal plants from Perú. 1997 J Ethnopharmacol   article URL  
Abstract: Folk medicine practitioners in Perú employ plant preparations as wound-healing agents on superficial and internal wounds (gastric ulcers). The results of a scientific evaluation of the wound-healing activity of nine plants found in the Amazon jungle near Iquitos and in the Andes mountains is presented. The species studied were: Peperomia galioides, Mentzelia cordifolia, Mutisia acuminata, Himatanthus sucuuba, Spondias mombin, Eleutherine bulbosa, Muehlenbeckia tamnifolia, Anredera diffusa and Jatropha curcas. These plants have also been examined for their toxicological properties, their effect on blood pressure, smooth muscle and capillary permeability. Significant wound-healing activity was detected in Peperomia galioides, Anredera diffusa and Jatropha curcas. Extracts from Peperomia galioides and Anredera diffusa had no effect on cell proliferation and did not exhibit mutagenic activity.
BibTeX:
@article{Villegas1997,
  author = {Villegas, L. F. and Fernández, I. D. and Maldonado, H. and Torres, R. and Zavaleta, A. and Vaisberg, A. J. and Hammond, G. B.},
  title = {Evaluation of the wound-healing activity of selected traditional medicinal plants from Perú.},
  journal = {J Ethnopharmacol},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {55},
  number = {3},
  pages = {193--200},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03788741/1997/00000055/00000003/art01500''doi}
}
      
Viswanathan, M. B., Ramesh, N., Ahilan, A. & Lakshmanaperumalsamy, P. Phytochemical constituents and antimicrobial activity from the stems of jatropha maheshwarii 2004 Med. Chem. Res.   article URL  
Abstract: Isolation of the natural products from the stems of Jatropha maheshwarii yielded 5 compounds such as Friedelin (0.16%), epi-friedelinol (0.12%), n-octacosanol (0.11%), β-sitosterol (0.2%), and β-sitosterol-3-β-D-glucopyranoside (0.24%). Aqueous and organic solvent extracts tested by agar-well diffusion method against 12 human pathogenic bacteria and 3 fungal strains showed activity to most of the organisms. Methanol extract exhibited maximum activity. Activity against S. aureus provides scientific evidence for use in skin diseases and toothaches.
BibTeX:
@article{Viswanathan2004,
  author = {Viswanathan, M. B. and Ramesh, N. and Ahilan, A. and Lakshmanaperumalsamy, P.},
  title = {Phytochemical constituents and antimicrobial activity from the stems of jatropha maheshwarii},
  journal = {Med. Chem. Res.},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {13},
  pages = {361 - 368},
  note = {10.1007/s00044-004-0041-7},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00044-004-0041-7}
}
      
Vyas, D. & Singh, R. Feasibility study of Jatropha seed husk as an open core gasifier feedstock. 2007 Renewable Energy   article DOI  
Abstract: This paper presents the results of investigation carried out in studying the fuel properties of previous termJatrophanext term seed husk and its gasification feasibility for open core down draft gasifier. previous termJatrophanext term seed husk was converted to producer gas in an open core down draft gasifier whose performance was evaluated in terms of fuel consumption rate, calorific value of producer gas and gasification efficiency at different gas flow rates. It was found that producer gas calorific value and concentration of CO, along with gasification efficiency, in general, increased with the increase in gas flow rate. The maximum gasification efficiency was found to be 68.31% at a gas flow rate of 5.5 m3 h−1 and specific gasification rate of 270 kg h−1 m−2. Studies revealed that previous termJatrophanext term seed husk could successfully be used as feedstock for open core down draft gasifier.
BibTeX:
@article{Vyasa2007,
  author = {Vyas, D.K. and Singh, R.N.},
  title = {Feasibility study of Jatropha seed husk as an open core gasifier feedstock.},
  journal = {Renewable Energy},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {32},
  number = {3},
  pages = {512-517},
  note = {Address of both authors: Thermochemical Conversion Division, Sardar Patel Renewable Energy Research Institute, Vallabh Vidyanagar 388 120, Gujarat, India},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2006.06.006}
}
      
Wei, Q., Liao, Y., Chen, Y., Wang, S. H., Xu, Y., Tang, L. & Chen, F. Isolation, characterisation and antifungal activity of beta-1,3-glucanase from seeds of Jatropha curcas 2005 South African Journal of Botany   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{WeiMarch2005,
  author = {Wei, Q. and Liao, Y. and Chen, Y. and Wang, S. H. and Xu, Y. and Tang, L. and Chen, F.},
  title = {Isolation, characterisation and antifungal activity of beta-1,3-glucanase from seeds of Jatropha curcas},
  journal = {South African Journal of Botany},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {71},
  pages = {95--99},
  url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/nisc/sajb/2005/00000071/00000001/art00012}
}
      
Wei, Q., Lu, W., Liao, Y., Pan, S., Xu, Y., Tang, L. & Chen, F. Plant regeneration from epicotyl explant of Jatropha curcas. 2004 Zhi Wu Sheng Li Yu Fen Zi Sheng Wu Xue Xue Bao   article URL  
Abstract: In vitro epicotyl explants from Jatropha curcas were cultured on MS medium with indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and 6-benzyladenine (BA). Adventitious buds were directly induced from the surface of epicotyl explants under the condition with the combinations of IBA 0.1 mg/L and BA 0.2-0.7 mg/L. Of which IBA 0.1 mg/L and BA 0.5 mg/L induced the highest regeneration frequency. Shoot regeneration from callus required the combinations of IBA 0.5 mg/L with BA 0.1 mg/L, IBA 0.5 mg/L with BA 0.2 mg/L and IBA 1.0 mg/L with BA 0.5 mg/L, and the most suitable combination was IBA 1.0 mg/L and BA 0.5 mg/L. The health adventitious buds and regenerated shoots could be rooted on growth regulator-free MS medium. Regenerated plants with well developed shoots and roots were successfully transferred to greenhouse, without visible detectable variation.
BibTeX:
@article{Wei2004,
  author = {Wei, Qin and Lu, Wei-Da and Liao, Y. and Pan, Shu-Lin and Xu, Ying and Tang, Lin and Chen, Fang},
  title = {Plant regeneration from epicotyl explant of Jatropha curcas.},
  journal = {Zhi Wu Sheng Li Yu Fen Zi Sheng Wu Xue Xue Bao},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {30},
  number = {4},
  pages = {475--478},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15627699}
}
      
Wiedhopf, R. M., Trumbull, E. R. & Cole, J. R. Antitumor agents from Jatropha macrorhiza (Euphorbiaceae) I: isolation and characterization of jatropham. 1973 J Pharm Sci   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{Wiedhopf1973,
  author = {Wiedhopf, R. M. and Trumbull, E. R. and Cole, J. R.},
  title = {Antitumor agents from Jatropha macrorhiza (Euphorbiaceae) I: isolation and characterization of jatropham.},
  journal = {J Pharm Sci},
  year = {1973},
  volume = {62},
  number = {7},
  pages = {1206--1207},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=4714138}
}
      
Wilbur, R. L. A synopsis of Jatropha, subsection Eucurcas, with the description of two new species from Mexico 1954 J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc.   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Wilbur1954,
  author = {Wilbur, R. L.},
  title = {A synopsis of Jatropha, subsection Eucurcas, with the description of two new species from Mexico},
  journal = {J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc.},
  year = {1954},
  volume = {70},
  pages = {92-101}
}
      
Wink, M., Koschmieder, C., Sauerwein, M. & Sporer, F. Phorbol Esters of J. curcas - biological activities and potential. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Wink1997,
  author = {Wink, M. and Koschmieder, C. and Sauerwein, M. and Sporer, F.},
  title = {Phorbol Esters of J. curcas - biological activities and potential.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {160-166}
}
      
Winkler, E., Bübitz, G. M., Foidl, N., Staubmann, R. & Steiner, W. Use of enzymes for oil extraction from J. curcas seeds. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Winkler1997a,
  author = {Winkler, E. and Bübitz, G. M. and Foidl, N. and Staubmann, R. and Steiner, W.},
  title = {Use of enzymes for oil extraction from J. curcas seeds.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {184-189}
}
      
Winkler, E., Foidl, N. & et al. Enzyme-supported oil extraction from Jatropha curcas seeds. 1997 Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology   article  
BibTeX:
@article{Winkler1997,
  author = {Winkler, E. and Foidl, N. and et al.},
  title = {Enzyme-supported oil extraction from Jatropha curcas seeds.},
  journal = {Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {63-65},
  pages = {449-456}
}
      
Wood, P. Out of Africa: Could Jatropha vegetable oil be Europe's biodiesel feedstock? 2005 Refocus   article DOI  
Abstract: Road transport, fuelled almost exclusively from finite reserves of fossil fuels, currently accounts for around 25% of greenhouse gas emissions in many European countries. The introduction of low carbon biodiesel could help deliver the necessary emissions cuts however, EU partner countries can only grow a portion of the feedstock required to deliver a secure, low cost supply of biodiesel. Philip Wood, Chief Executive of D1 Oils plc, suggests that Europe will also need to look to the developing world for its biodiesel supplies, and that this could offer a significant opportunity for agriculture in developing economies.
BibTeX:
@article{Wood2005,
  author = {Wood, Philip},
  title = {Out of Africa: Could Jatropha vegetable oil be Europe's biodiesel feedstock?},
  journal = {Refocus},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {6},
  number = {4},
  pages = {40-44},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1471-0846(05)70430-3}
}
      
WSU, W. S. U. Jatropha or physic nut: an industry and market study on six plant products in southern africa. 2002   techreport  
Abstract: This is one of six industry and market studies of natural plant products, five on tree species and one on Devil’s Claw (Harpogophytum procumbens). Their purpose is to identify production and marketing opportunities for small and medium scale producers and distributors, with a view to promoting both income generation and improved natural resource management. The five tree species are: Marula (Sclerocarya birrea), Moringa (Moringa oleifera sometimes called Drumstick Tree), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Jatropha (Jatropha curcas, or Physic Nut), Trichilia (Trichilia emetica, or Natal Mahogany). The study on these species focuses mainly on five countries: Botswana, Malawi, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe, with the emphasis varying from species to species.
BibTeX:
@techreport{WSU2002,
  author = {WSU, Washington State University},
  title = {Jatropha or physic nut: an industry and market study on six plant products in southern africa.},
  year = {2002}
}
      
Yang, J., Long, Y. O. & Paquette, L. A. Concise total syntheses of the bioactive mesotricyclic diterpenoids jatrophatrione and citlalitrione. 2003 J Am Chem Soc   article DOIURL  
Abstract: The highly functionalized [5.9.5] tricyclic framework resident in jatrophatrione (1) and citlalitrione (2) has been synthesized. The route begins with the tandem anionic oxy-Cope rearrangement/methylation/transannular ene cyclization of 21 and subsequent introduction of a conjugated enone double bond. Hydroxyl-directed 1,4-reduction of this functionality in 25 with LiAlH(4)/CuI/hexamethylphosphoramide/tetrahydrofuran sets the stage for the implementation of a Grob fragmentation and expedited generation of 27. Stereocontrolled intramolecular hydrosilylation allows for the subsequent introduction of a cyclic carbonate as in 53. This intermediate undergoes remarkably efficient, fully regiocontrolled Treibs reaction to generate 54, with this maneuver serving as a pivotal step for making 1 available five steps later. Treatment of 1 with m-chloroperbenzoic acid leads to 2, with attack occurring preferentially on a alpha-face of the double bond more remote to the carbonyl.
BibTeX:
@article{Yang2003,
  author = {Yang, Jiong and Long, Yun Oliver and Paquette, Leo A.},
  title = {Concise total syntheses of the bioactive mesotricyclic diterpenoids jatrophatrione and citlalitrione.},
  journal = {J Am Chem Soc},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {125},
  number = {6},
  pages = {1567--1574},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12568617},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja021177r}
}
      
Zahawi, R. A. Establishment and growth of living fence species: An overlooked tool for the restoration of degraded areas in the tropics 2005 Restoration Ecology   article URL  
BibTeX:
@article{ZahawiMarch2005,
  author = {Zahawi, R. A.},
  title = {Establishment and growth of living fence species: An overlooked tool for the restoration of degraded areas in the tropics},
  journal = {Restoration Ecology},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {13},
  pages = {92--102},
  url = {``http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/rec/2005/00000013/00000001/art00011''doi}
}
      
Zamora, E., Sobalvarro, E., Norori, R., Foidl, G. & Foidl, N. Trans-esterification of J. curcas oil. 1997 Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Zamora1997,
  author = {Zamora, E. and Sobalvarro, E. and Norori, R. and Foidl, G. and Foidl, N.},
  title = {Trans-esterification of J. curcas oil.},
  booktitle = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {113-117}
}
      
Zhang, R., Zheng, Y., Wu, Y., Wang, S. & Chen, F. [A simple and efficient method for preparation of plant RNAs] 2006 Yi Chuan   article URL  
Abstract: A new and efficient method for isolation of plant RNAs was developed by adding bentonite into extraction buffer in order to get rid of protein and restrain Rnase. The electrophoretic patterns of nucleic acids and absorbance at 230 nm, 260 nm and 280 nm in a UV-Vis spectrophotometer revealed the extraction with this method can obtain RNAs with good integrity and purity without any apparent DNA contamination from the plant materials rich in with polysaccharide and polyphenol like Jatropha curcas leaves, to which TRIZOL reagent, SDS-KAc solution and Guanidine isothiocyanate solution failed. Furthermore, the result of nuclear gene (18 S rRNA gene) amplified by RT-PCR indicated that the RNAs prepared with this method can meet the needs of most molecular biological experiments including gene cloning and expression analysis.
BibTeX:
@article{Zhang2006,
  author = {Zhang, Rong and Zheng, Yan-Feng and Wu, Yao and Wang, Sheng-Hua and Chen, Fang},
  title = {[A simple and efficient method for preparation of plant RNAs]},
  journal = {Yi Chuan},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {28},
  number = {5},
  pages = {583--586},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16735239}
}
      
Zhu, H., Wu, Z., Chen, Y., Zhang, P., Duan, S., Liu, X. & Mao, Z. Preparation of biodiesel catalyzed by solid super base of calcium oxide and its refining process. 2006 hinese Journal of Catalysis   article DOI  
Abstract: Biodiesel produced by the transesterification of vegetable oils is promising alternative fuel to diesel because of the limited resources of fossil fuel and environmental concerns. An environmentally benign process was developed for the production of biodiesel from jatrophanext term curcas oil using a heterogeneous solid super base catalyst, calcium oxide. The results showed that the base strength of calcium oxide was more than 26.5 after dipping in an ammonium carbonate solution followed by calcination. A study for optimizing the reaction conditions for the transesterification of previous termjatrophanext term curcas oil was performed. Under the optimum conditions of catalyst calcination temperature of 900°C, reaction temperature of 70°C, reaction time of 2.5 h, catalyst dosage of 1.5%, and methanol/oil molar ratio of 9:1, the oil conversion was 93%. The purification of the as-synthesized biodiesel with decalcifying agents to eliminate the remaining calcium was investigated. Citric acid showed good performance for the decalcification. The properties of the refined biodiesel accorded with the domestic and foreign standards.
BibTeX:
@article{Huaping2006,
  author = {Zhu, Huaping and Wu, Zongbin and Chen, Yuanxiong and Zhang, Ping and Duan, Shijie and Liu, Xiaohua and Mao, Zongqiang},
  title = {Preparation of biodiesel catalyzed by solid super base of calcium oxide and its refining process.},
  journal = {hinese Journal of Catalysis},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {27},
  number = {5},
  pages = {391-396},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2067(06)60024-7}
}
      
Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas. 1997   proceedings  
BibTeX:
@proceedings{Guebitz1997,,
  title = {Biofuels and industrial products from Jatropha curcas.},
  publisher = {Dbv-Verlag für die Technische Universität Graz},
  year = {1997}
}
      

Created by JabRef on 26/02/2007.